A. Phosphoric calcium metabolism



B. Water-salt metabolism

C. Amino-acid metabolism

D. Carbohydrate metabolism

E. Lipidic metabolism

When measuring power inputs of a man by the method of indirect calorimetry the following results were obtained: 1000 ml oxygen consumption and 800 ml carbon dioxide liberation per minute. The man under examination has the following respiratory coefficient:

A. 1,0

B. 0,9

C. 0,8

D. 1,25

E. 0,84

Microscopical examination of an enlarged cervical lymph node revealed blurring of its structure, absence of lymphoid follicles; all the microscopic fields showed cells with roundish nuclei and thin limbus of basophil cytoplasm. It is known from the clinical data that other groups of lymph nodes are also enlarged as well as spleen and liver. What disease might be suspected?

A. Myeloid leukosis

B. Multiple myeloma

C. Lymphosarcoma

D. Lymphoid leukosis

E. Lymphogranulomatosis

A student failed to answer all the questions of examination paper correctly. As a result he blushed, felt hot and lost confidence. What type of arterial hyperemia has developed in this case?

A. Postishemic hyperemia

B. Neurotonic hyperemia

C. Pathologic hyperemia

D. Metabolic hyperemia

E. Neuroparalytic hyperemia

Heart rate of a 30-year-old man under emotional stress reached 112 bpm. The reason for the heart rate increase is the altered condition of the following conducting system of heart:

A. Purkinje's fibers

B. Sinoatrial node

C. His' bundle branches

D. Atrioventricular node

E. His' bundle

During examination of a 6-year-old child a doctor revealed greyish films on the pharyngeal tonsils. Their removal provoked moderate haemorrhage. Bacterioscopy revealed gram-positive clublike bacteria. What symptoms will develop in this child within the next few days if no specific treatment is provided?

A. Strong paroxysmal cough

B. Intermittent fever

C. Pulmonary edema

D. Papulous skinrash

E. Toxic lesions of myocard, liver and kidney

A patient with coronary disease and arrhythmia has been administered a drug that blocks potassium channels and prolongs the action potential. What drug is it?

A. Amiodarone

B. Corglyconum

C. Dobutamine

D. Nitroglycerin

E. Lisinopril

A 45-year-old patient was admitted to the cardiological department. ECG data: negative P wave overlaps QRS complex, diastolic interval is prolonged after extrasystole. What type of extrasystole is it?

A. Sinus

B. Ventricular

C. Atrioventricular

D. Atrial

E. Bundle-branch

A patient consulted a doctor about a sensation of imbalance which appeared after a trauma. Which nerve is damaged?

A. Facial nerve

B. Vagus nerve

C. Intermediate nerve

D. Vestibulocochlear nerve

E. Trigeminal nerve

 10 A 25-year-old man has spent a long time in the sun under high air humidity. As a result of it his body temperature rose up to 39oC. What pathological process is it?

A. Hyperthermia

B. Burn disease

C. Hypothermia

D. Infectious fever

E. Noninfectious fever

After an immunoassay a child was diagnosed with immunodeficiency of humoral immunity. What is the reason for the primary immunodeficiency development in the child?

A. Toxic damage of B-lymphocytes

B. Hereditary abnormality of immune system

C. Pathometabolism in mother's organism

D. Embryonal development abnormalities

E. Immune responsiveness and resistance disorders

 12 A patient takes digoxin for cardiac insufficiency. What diuretic may increase digoxin toxicity due to the intensified excretion of K+ ions?

A. Siliborum

B. Panangine

C. Hydrochlorothiazide

D. Spironolactone

E. Lisinopril

Before a surgery a blood sample of a 30-year-old man has been typed. Blood is Rh-positive. Standard serums of such groups as 0 a b (I), А b (II), В a (III) didn’t activate erythrocyte agglutination reaction. The group of the analyzed blood is:

A. А b (II)

B . 0 a b ( I )

C . -

D . В a ( III )

E . АВ ( IV )

Hours after an accute attack of retrosternal pain a patient presented a jump of aspartate aminotransferase activity in blood serum. What pathology is this deviation typical for?

A. Myocardium infarction

B. Diabetes insipidus

C. Collagenosis

D. Diabetes mellitus

E. Viral hepatitis

A male patient has fever and enanthesis. As a result of the examination involving serological tests he has been diagnosed with fasciola hepatica. It was found out that the patient had been infected through raw river water. Which stage of fasciola life cycle is invasive for humans?

A. Miracidium

B. Ovum

C. Cysticercus

D. Adolescaria

E. Metacercaria

A male patient has been diagnosed with gastric ulcer. Bacteriological examination of biopsy material from the affected part of stomach revealed small colonies of gram-negative, oxide reductase-positive flexibacteria that grew on the chocolate agar on the fifth day. Which of the following microorganisms is the most likely causative agent?

A. Campilobacter fetus

B. Chlamydia trachomatis

C. Campilobacter jejuni

D. Mycoplasma hominis

E. Helicobacter pylori


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