A. Decrease in thrombin production
B. Fibrinolysis intensification
C. Increase in thromboplastin production
D. Increase in fibrinogen synthesis
E. Decrease in fibrin production
In course of a conditional experiment the development of mesenchyma cells was completely inhibited. Development of the following muscular tissue will be disturbed:
A. Skeletal muscular tissue
B. Epidermal muscular tissue
C. Cardiac muscular tissue
D. Neural muscular tissue
E. Smooth muscular tissue
A patient with essential hypertension has a high rate of blood renin. Which of antihypertensive drugs should be preferred?
Autopsy of a 73-year-old man who had been suffering from the coronary heart disease along with cardiac insufficiency for a long time revealed: nutmeg liver, brown induration of lungs, cyanotic induration of kidneys and spleen. What kind of circulation disorder was the cause of such effects?
A. General acute venous congestion
B. Acute anaemia
C. General chronic venous congestion
D. Chronic anaemia
E. Arterial hyperaemia
It was found out that some compounds, for instance fungi toxins and some antibiotics can inhibit activity of RNA-polymerase. What process will be disturbed in a cell in case of inhibition of this enzyme?
As a result of activation of the ion channels of the external membrane the rest potential of an excitable cell has greatly increased. What channels were activated?
A. Sodium and calcium channels
B. Fast calcium channels
C. Potassium channels
D. Sodium channels
E. Slow calcium channels
A patient underwent an extraction of a part of a CNS structures by medical indications. As a result of the extraction the patient developed atony, astasia, intention tremor, ataxy and adiadochokinesis. Which part of CNS structure had been extracted?
B. Limbic system
C. Basal ganglions
D. Amygdaloid corpus
Study of conversion of a food colouring agent revealed that neutralization of this xenobiotic takes place only in one phase - microsomal oxydation. Name a component of this phase:
A. Cytochrome Р-450
B. Cytochrome oxidase
C. Cytochrome A
D. Cytochrome C
E. Cytochrome B
After a craniocerebral trauma a patient lost the ability to execute learned purposeful movements (apraxia). The injury is most likely localized in the following region of the cerebral cortex:
A. Gyrus parahippocampalis
B. Gyrus paracentralis
C. Gyrus angularis
D. Gyrus lingualis
E. Gyrus supramarginalis
Jaundice treatment involves administration of barbiturates inducing the synthesis of UDP-glucuronyl transferase. A medicinal effect is caused by the production of:
D. Indirect reacting (unconjugated) bilirubin
E. Direct reacting (conjugated) bilirubin
A doctor recommends a patient with duodenal ulcer to drink cabbage and potato juice after the therapy course. Which substances contained in these vegetables help to heal and prevent the ulcers?
A. Vitamin K
B. Vitamin C
C. Pantothenic acid
D. Vitamin U
E. Vitamin B1
A patient complains of hydruria (7 liters per day) and polydipsia. Examination reveals no disorders of carbohydrate metabolism. These abnormalities might be caused by the dysfunction of the following endocrine gland:
B. Adrenal cortex
C. Islets of Langerhans (pancreatic islets)
E. Adrenal medulla
In order to accelerate healing of a radiation ulcer a vitamin drug was administered. What drug is it?
E. Retinol acetate
68 Which way of heat emission by the bodies of greenhouse workers is the most effective at the temperature of 36oC degrees and relative humidity of 70%?
A. Heat radiation
D. Liquid evaporation
E. Thermal conduction
A patient with cardiogenic shock, hypotension, asphyxia and edemata was given an injection of non-glycosidic cardiotonic. What drug was injected?
E. Caffeine sodium benzoate
A patient has food poisoning. Laboratory analysis revealed a culture of anaerobic gram-positive spore-forming bacteria. What is the most likely kind of the isolated causative agent?
A. Vibrio parahemolyticus
B. P. mirabilis
C. Esherichia coli
D. Proteus vulgaris
E. C. perfringens
A 70-year-old male patient died from acute coronary insufficiency. He had knee joint swelling, gonycampsis and gonalgia during his lifetime. Pathomorphologic examination of the deformed joints and synovial membranes revealed membrane hyperaemia with multiple perivascular inflammatory infltrations made by lymphocytes, plasmocytes and macrophagocytes. There was an accumulation of organized fibrin covering some areas of synovium membrane and looking like rice grains in the articular liquid. What is the most likely diagnosis?
A. Ankylosing spondylitis
B. Tuberculous arthritis
C. Periarteritis nodosa
D. Atrophic arthritis
E. Deforming arthrosis
A 49-year-old patient with croupous pneumonia died from pneumococcal septicemi a . Autopsy revealed up to 700 ml of turbid greenish-yellow foul-smelling liquid in the left pleural cavity. The pleural leaflets were dull and plethori c . What form of pleural inflammation is it?
A. Acute abscess
B. Fibrinous inflammation
E. Chronic abscess
A patient complained about dizziness, memory impairment, periodical convulsions. It was revealed that these changes were caused by a product of decarboxylation of glutamic aci d . Name this product:
E. Pyridoxal phosphate
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