In course of an experiment thalamocortical tracts of an animal were cut. What type of sensory perception remained intact?

A. Visual

B. Olfactory

C. Auditory

D. Exteroreceptive

E. Nociceptive

Among junior children of an orphanage an outbreak of intestinal infection with signs of colienteritis was registere D. In order to identify isolated causative agent it is necessary to:

A. To study sensitivity to bacteriophages

B. To determine sensitivity to antibiotics

C. To study biochemical properties of the causative agent

D. Study antigenic properties of the causative agent

E. To study virulence of the causative agent

Vitamin A together with specific cytoreceptors penetrates through the nuclear membranes, induces transcription processes that stimulate growth and differentiation of cells. This biological function is realized by the following form of vitamin A:

A. Trans-retinal

B. Retinol

C. Carotin

D. Trans-retinoic acid

E. Cis-retinal

A 4 year old child with hereditary renal lesion has signs of rickets, vitamin D concentration in blood is normal. What is the most probable cause of rickets development?

A. Impaired synthesis of calcitriol

B. Lack of calcium in food

C. Hypofunction of parathyroid glands

D. Hyperfunction of parathyroid glands

E. Increased excretion of calcium

A 35 year old man consulted a dentist about reduced density of dental tissue, high fragility of teeth during eating solid foo D. This patient suffers the most probably from the deficiency of the following mineral element:

A. Iron

B. Potassium

C. Magnesium

D. Sodium

E. Calcium

A patient working at a pig farm complains about paroxysmal abdominal pain, liquid feces with admixtures of mucus and blood, headache, weakness, fever. Examination of large intestine revealed ulcers from 1 mm up to several cm large, feces contained oval unicellular organisms with cili A. What disease should be suspected?

A. Amebiasis

B. Lambliasis

C. Balantidiasis

D. Toxoplasmosis

E. Trichomoniasis

 147 A 25 year old Palestinian woman complains of weakness, dizziness, dyspne A. In anamnesis: periodically exacerbating anemi A. In blood: Hb - 60 g/l, erythrocytes - 2,5*1012/l, reticulocytes - 35o/oo, anisocytosis and poikilocytosis of erythrocytes, a lot of target cells and polychromatophils. What type of anemia is it?

A. Sickle-cell anemia

B. Addison-Biermer disease

C. Glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase-deficient anemia

D. Minkowsky-Shauffard disease

E. Thalassemia

A woman works as railway traffic controller. She suffers from seasonal vasomotor rhinitis and gets treatment in the outpatient setting. She was prescribed an antihistamine that has no effect upon central nervous system. What drug is it?

A. Promethazine

B. Dimedrol

C. Tavegil

D. Suprastin

E. Loratadine

Examination of a patient with pustular skin lesions allowed to isolate a causative agent that forms in the blood agar roundish yellow middle-sized colonies surrounded by haemolysis zon E. Smears from the colonies contain irregular-shaped clusters of gram-positive cocci. The culture is oxidase- and catalase-positive, ferments mannitol and synthesizes plasmocoagulas E. What causative agent was isolated?

A. Staphylococcus saprophyticus

B. Staphylococcus epidermidis

C. Streptococcus pyogenes

D. Streptococcus agalactiae

E. Staphylococcus aureus

A patient complains about impaired evacuatory function of stomach (long-term retention of food in stomach). Examination revealed a tumour of initial part of duodenum. Specify localization of the tumour:

A. Pars inferior

B. Flexura duodeni inferior

C. Pars superior

D. Pars descendens

E. Pars ascendens

 151 Histological examination of a 40 year old man's thymus revealed reduced share of parenchymatous elements, increased share of adipose and loose connective tissue, its enrichment with thymus bodies. The organ's mass was unchange D. What is this phenomenon called?

A. Age involution

B. Atrophy

C. Accidental involution

D. Hypotrophy

E. Dystrophy

An infectious disease caused contractive activity of muscles that contract and dilate eye pupil (paralytic state). What functional eye system was damaged?

A. Photosensory

B. Accomodative

C. Lacrimal apparatus

D. Dioptric

E. Ancillary

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