Buffer capacity of blood was decreased in the worker due to exhausting muscular work. Entry of
What acid substance to the blood can this state be explained?
D α -ketoglutarate
While examining the child the doctor revealed symmetric cheeks roughness, diarrhea,
Disfunction of the nervous system. Lack of what food components caused it?
A Nicotinic acid, tryptophane
B Lysine, ascorbic acid
C Threonine, pantothenic acid
D Methionine, lipoic acid
E Phenylalanine, pangamic acid
A13-year-old boy complains of general weakness, dizziness, tiredness. He is mentally retarded.
Increased level of valine, isoleucine, leucine is in the blood and urine. Urine has specific smell.
What is the diagnosis?
A Maple syrup urine disease
B Addison's disease
E Graves' disease
Increased breaking of vessels, enamel and dentine destruction in scurvy patients are caused by
Disorder of collagen maturing. What stage of modification of procollagen is disordered in this
A Hydroxylation of proline
B Formation of polypeptide chains
C Glycosylation of hydroxylysine residues
D Removal of C-ended peptide from procollagen
E Detaching of N-ended peptide
A 62-year-old female patient has developed a cataract (lenticular opacity) secondary to the
Diabetes mellitus. What type of protein modification is observed in case of diabetic cataract?
E Limited proteolysis
Aspirin has antiinflammatory effect due to inhibition of the cyclooxygenase activity. Level of what
Biological active acids will decrease?
D Biogenic amines
At the aboratory experiment the eukocyte culture was mixed with staphylococci. Neutrophile
Leukocytes engulfed and digested bacterial cells. This processes are termed:
D Facilitated diffusion
Examination of a patient revealed typical presentations of collagenosis. This pathology is
Characterized by increase of the following urine index:
D Mineral salts
E Ammonium salts
Marked increase of activity of МВ -forms of CPK (creatinephosphokinase) and LDH-1 were
Revealed on the examination of the patient's blood. What is the most likely pathology?
A Miocardial infarction
Untrained people often have muscle pain after sprints as a result of lactate accumulation. This
Might be caused by intensification of the following biochemical process:
C Pentose phosphate pathway
A 16-year-old boy was performed an appendectomy. He has been hospitalized for right lower
Quadrant abdominal pain within 18 hours. The surgical specimen is edematous and
Erythematous. Infiltration by what of the following cells is the most typical for the process
ATP synthesis is totaly blocked in a cell. How will the value of membrane rest potential change?
A It will disappear
B It will be slightly increased
C It will be considerably increased
D First it will increase, then decrease
E First it will decrease, then increase
The concentration of albumins in human blood sample is lower than normal. This leads to edema
Of tissues. What blood function is damaged?
A Maintaining the oncotic blood pressure
B Maintaining the Ph level
C Maintaining the body temperature
D Maintaining the blood sedimentation system
E All answers are correct
Examination of a patient suffering from frequent haemorrhages in the inner organs and mucous
Membranes revealed proline and lysine being included in collagen fibers. Impairment of their
Hydroxylation is caused by lack of the following vitamin:
A 20 year old patient complains of general weakness, dizziness, quick fatigability. Blood analysis
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