A 38-year-old man who poisoned himself with mercury dichloride was taken to the admission room in grave condition. What antidote should be immediately introduced?



A. Isonitrosine

B. Nalorphine

C. Dipiroxim

D. Atropine

E. Unithiol

An old woman was hospitalized with acute pain, edema in the right hip joint; the movements in the joint are limited. Which bone or part of it was broken?

A. The neck of the thigh

B. Pubic bone

C. The body of the thigh bone

D. Condyle of the thigh

E. Ischial bone

For a long time a 49-year-old woman had suffered from glomerulonephritis which caused death. The autopsy revealed that the size of her kidneys was 7 х 3 х 2,5 cm, weight 65,0 g, they were dense and small-grained. Microscopically: fibrinogenous inflammation of serous and mucous membranes, dystrophic changes of parenchymatous organs, brain edema. What complication can cause such changes of serous membranes and inner organs?

A. Anemia

B. Thrombopenia

C. Uraemia

D. Sepsis

E. DIC-syndrome

A man who was bitten by the unknown dog applied to the surgeon. Wide ragged woundes were localized on the face. What curative-prophylactic aid should be given to prevent rabies?

A. Start immunisation with rabies vaccine

B. Immediately inject normal gamma globulin

C. Prescribe combined antibiotic therapy

D. Immediate injection of DPT(Diphtheria, Pertusis, Tetanus) vaccine

E. Hospitalize the patient and keep under the doctor's supervision

 8 Different functional groups can be presented in the structure of L-amino acid's radicals. Identify the group that is able to form ester bond:

A. -NH2

B. -OH

C. -CONH2

D. -SH

E. -CH3

A 50-year-old patient was injured on the occipital region of the head. The closed skull trauma was diagnosed. She was taken to the hospital. The medical examination: deregulation of walking and balance, trembling of arms. What part of brain was injured?

A. The medulla oblongata

B. The inter-brain

C. The spinal cord

D. The cerebellum

E. The mind-brain

A patient with infectious mononucleosis had been taking glucocorticoids for two weeks. He was brought into remission, but he fell ill with acute attack of chronic tonsillitis. What action of glucocorticoids caused this complication?

A. Antiallergic

B. Immunosuppressive

C. Antitoxic

D. Antishock

E. Anti-inflammatory

An individual is characterized by rounded face, broad forehead, a mongolian type of eyelid fold, flattened nasal bridge, permanently open mouth, projecting lower lip, protruding tongue, short neck, flat hands, and stubby fingers. What diagnosis can be put to the patient?

A. Down's syndrome

B. Turner's syndrome

C. Klinefelter's syndrome

D. Supermales

E. Alkaptonuria

The process of heart transplantation determined the viability of myocardial cells. The determination of what myocardium parameter is the most important?

A. Rest potential of cardiomyocytes

B. Concentration of calcium-ions in myofibrils

C. Concentration of oxygen in heart vessels

D. Heart temperature

E. Concentration of Ca-ions in heart vessels

A tissue sample of benign tumor was studied under the electron microscope. A lot of small (15-20 nm) spherical bodies, consisting of 2 unequal subunits were detected. These are:

A. Golgi complex

B. Mitochondria

C. Microtubules

D. Ribosomes

E. Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

Patient with injured muscles of the lower extremities was admitted to the traumatological department. Due to what cells is reparative regeneration of the muscle fibers and restoration of the muscle function possible?

A. Satellite-cells

B. Fibroblasts

C. Myoepithelial cells

D. Myofibroblasts

E. Myoblasts

A patient visited a dentist with complaints of redness and edema of his mouth mucous membrane in a month after dental prosthesis. The patient was diagnosed with allergic stomatitis. What type of allergic reaction by Gell and Cumbs underlies this disease?

A. Cytotoxic

B. Delayed type hypersensitivity

C. Anaphylactic

D. Stimulating

E. Immunocomplex

Donor skin transplantation was performed to a patient with extensive burns. On the 8-th day the graft became swollen and changed colour; on the 11-th day graft rejection started. What cells take part in this process?

A. B-lymphocytes

B. Erythrocytes

C. T-lymphocytes

D. Basophils

E. Eosinophils


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