B. Examination of vaginal and urethral discharge

C. Stool examination

C. Blood examination

E. Immunological tests

The alternate usage of dichlotiazide, etacrin acid and lasex did not cause marked diuretic effect in the patient with marked peripheral edema. The aldosterone level in the blood is increased. Indicate which medicine should be prescribed:

A. Urea

B. Amilorid

C. Mannit

D. Spironolacton

E. Clopamid

An autopsy revealed: soft arachnoid membrane of the upper parts of cerebral hemisphere is plethoric, of yellowish-green color, soaked with purulent and fibrose exudate, it lookes like a cap. What disease is characterised by these symtoms?

A. Meningitis at anthrax

B. Meningitis at typhus

C. Tuberculous meningitis

D. Meningococcal meningitis

E. Influenza meningitis

An individual is characterized by rounded face, broad forehead, a mongolian type of eyelid fold, flattened nasal bridge, permanently open mouth, projecting lower lip, protruding tongue, short neck, flat hands, and stubby fingers. What diagnosis can be put to the patient?

A. Alkaptonuria

B. Down's syndrome

C. Supermales

D. Turner's syndrome

E. Klinefelter's syndrome

A 46 year-old man complains of difficult nose breathing. Mikulich cells, storage of epithelioid cells, plasmocytes, lymphocytes, hyaline balls are discovered in the biopsy material of the nose thickening. What is the most likely diagnosis?

A. Meningococcal nasopharyngitis

B. Rhinovirus infection

C. Virus rhinitis

D. Allergic rhinitis

E. Scleroma

 196 A woman who was infected with toxoplasmosis during the pregnancy has a child with multiple congenital defects.This is a result of:

A. Teratogenesis

B. Chemical mutogenesis

C. Biological mutogenesis

D. Recombination

E. Cancerogenesis

A patient with hypochromic anemia has splitting and loss of hair, increased nail brittling and taste alteration. What is the mechanism of the symptoms development?

A. Decreased production of parathyrin

B. Decreased production of thyroid hormones

C. Deficiency of vitamin А

D. Deficiency of iron-containing enzymes

E. Deficiency of vitamin В12

A 57-year-old patient was admitted to the gastroenterological department with suspicion of Zollinger-Ellison syndrom because of rapid increase of gastrin level in the blood serum. What the most probable disorder of the secretory function of the stomach here?

A. Hyperacidity hyposecretion

B. Achylia

C. Hyperacidity hypersecretion

D. Hypoacidity hypersecretion

E. Hypoacidity hyposecretion

The energy inputs of a healthy man have been measured. In what position was the patient if his energy inputs were less than the main exchange?

A. Rest

B. Nervous exertion

C. Easy work

D. Calmness

E. Sleep

The patient with diabetes mellitus has been delivered in hospital in the state of unconsciousness. Arterial pressure is low. The patient has acidosis. Point substances, which accumulation in the blood results in these manifestations:

A. Ketone bodies

B. Monosaccharides

C. Cholesterol esters

D. High fatty acids

E. Amino acids

Krok 1. Medicine 2006

  1 Buffer capacity of a worker's blood was decreased due to exhausting muscular work. By coming of what acid substance in the blood can this state be explained?

A. 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate

B. 3-phosphoglycerate

C. Pyruvate

D. Lactate

E. б -ketoglutarate

A doctor administered Allopurinol to a 26-year-old young man with the symptoms of gout. What pharmacological action of Allopurinol ensures therapeutical effect?

A. By general anti-inflammatory effect

B. By inhibiting leucocyte migration into the joint

C. By general analgetic effect

D. By inhibiting uric acid synthesis

E. By increasing uric acid excretion

A 25-year-old patient complained of the decreased vision. Accommodation disorders, dilated pupil, lack of reaction for the light were revealed on examination. What muscles function is disturbed?

A. Inferior oblique muscle, ciliary

B. Pupil dilating muscle, ciliary

C. Pupil narrowing and dilating muscles

D. Pupil narrowing muscle, ciliary

E. Lateral rectus muscle, pupil narrowing

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