A 27-year-old man has purulent inflammation of gallblader. What region of the peritoneal cavity will the pus fall into if gallblader ruptures in his typical position?

A. Into hepatic bursa

B. Into epiploic bursa

C. Into the superior duodenal sinus

D. Into the left lateral duct

E. Into pancreatic bursa


A man because of 1,5 litre blood loss has suddenly reduced diuresis. The increased secretion of what hormone caused such diuresis alteration?

A. Parathormone

B. Vasopressin

C. Natriuretic

D. Corticotropin

E. Cortisol


A 60-year-old man after cerebral hemorrhage felt asleep for a long time. Damage of what structure caused this state?

A. Nuclears of the cerebral nerves

B. Reticular formation

C. Cortex of the large hemispheres

D. Black substances

E. Hippocampus


A woman, who was keeping a diet for a long time and eating refined rice, has developed polyneuritis (beriberi disease). The absence of what vitamin in the diet causes the development of such disease?

A. Ascorbic acid

B. Pyridoxal

C. Riboflavin

D. Folic acid

E. Thiamine


 110. A 16-year-old patient died because of diffuse fibrinopurulent peritonitis. The autopsy in the inferior region of small intestine revealed an ulcer with a form of Peyer's plaque, with the perforation of intestine wall. The microscopic examination revealed lymph tissue pattern vagueness, the displacement of this tissue with proliferating monocytes, which were forming granulomata. Complication of what disease caused the death?

A. Brucellosis

B. Nonspecific ulcerative colitis

C. Cholera

D. Typhoid

E. Dysentry

After the usage of acetylsalicylic acid a patient developed epigastric pain because of exacerbation of his ulcer. What are the principles of this medication ulcerogenity?

A. Immunodepressive effect

B. Cholagogic effect

C. Antiprostaglandinic effect

D. Stimulation of pepsin secretion

E. Spasm of vessels


Because of present gallstone in the common bile duct, a patient has no bile excretion into duodenum. What disorder can it cause?

A. Carbohydrates digestion

B. Proteins absorption

C. Proteins digestion

D. Carbohydrates absorption

E. Lipids digestion


In the microspacemen of spinal medulla it is necessary to analyse the condition of the nucleus, neurons of which form the motor endings in the skeletal musculature. What nucleus of the spinal medulla is it about?

A. Posterior horn proper nucleus

B. Gray substance proper nucleus

C. Nucleus thoracicus (Clarke'snucleus)

D. Nucleus intermediolaterallis

E. Disseminate nucleus


A patient suffers from nocturnal paroxysms of bronchial asthma accompanied by bradycardia, spastic intestinal pains and diarrhea. Medicine of what group can releave these symptoms?

A. Sympatholytics

B. H-cholinergic receptors

C. M-cholinergic receptors

D. Saluretics

E. β -adrenoblockers


A patient becomes quickly tired during his work. In vertical position with closed eyes he is dizzying and loosing equilibrium. Skeletal muscle tone is reduced. Which of the belowmentioned brain structures is damaged?

A. Cerebellum

B. Hypothalamus

C. Precentral gyrus of cerebral hemispheres cortex

D. Basal ganglia

E. Thalamus


A young man increased his energy inputs from 500 to 2000 kJ per hour. What from the suggested can cause it?

A. Food taking

B. Change of sleeping for waking

C. Mental activity

D. Physical activity

E. Rising of external temperature

A 30-year-old patient with bacteriologically proved dysentery developed the signs of paraproctitis. What is the stage of local changes of this patient?

A. Fibrinous colitis

B. Healing of the ulcers stage

C. Follicular colitis

D. Ulceration stage

E. Catarrhal colitis


 118. Genetic structure of eukaryote is "exon-intron-exon". This structure-functional organization of gene caused transcription peculiarities. What will be pro-i-RNA according to the scheme?

A. Exon-intron-exon

B. Intron-exon

C. Exon-exon-intron

D. Exon-intron

E. Exon-exon


A 42-year-old woman with trigeminal nerve neuralgia complaints of redness of right part of her face and neck, feeling of heat rush and increased dermal sensitiveness. What is the arterial hyperemia in this case according to pathophysiological mechanism?

A. Neuroparalytic

B. Reactive

C. Working

D. Neurotonic

E. Metabolic


A 56-year-old patient with complains of thirst and frequent urination was diagnosed to have diabetes mellitus and butamin was prescribed. What is the mechanism of action of this medicine?

A. It relieves transport of glucose through the cells' membranes

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