Write 5-7 sentences of your own using some archaic words from the table above.



The order of paragraphs in the text below has been jumbled. Go over the text to bring back its logical order. Discuss your version with your  partner. Maybe you will find more than one variant of ordering the text. Provide enough argumentation to support your ideas.

Transit and logistics at Customs

[1] A transport operator crossing the Belarus-Russian and Russian-Kazakhstan borders does not face the necessity to undergo customs control and to complete the national transit declaration. The single system of delivery control has been established. The exchange of electronic messages between the customs of departure and the customs of destination has eliminated the need to transmit paper documents. 

[2] In practice the goods imported onto the RF customs territory can be placed under the procedure of customs transit in Russia and forwarded to Belarus or Kazakhstan without completing any additional transit customs declarations when entering the territories of these countries.

[3] The necessity to use advantages of logistics in modern customs environment is stipulated by the requirement to reduce the time of customs services and therefore the delivery of goods to users.

[4] The adoption of the Customs Code helped to unify the transit formalities related to crossing the borders of the Customs Union member-countries – the Russian Federation, the Republic of Belarus and the Republic of Kazakhstan. The standard transit declaration form has been adopted which is in full conformity with the transit declaration form applied by the EU.

Render the text in English. Suggest a title to the text.

 Федеральная таможенная служба (ФТС России) – федеральный орган исполнительной власти, осуществляющий в соответствии с законодательством Российской Федерации функции по контролю и надзору в области таможенного дела, а также функции агента валютного контроля и специальные функции по борьбе с контрабандой, иными преступлениями и административными правонарушениями.

11 мая 2006 указом Президента Российской Федерации Федеральная таможенная служба была передана в подчинение Правительству Российской Федерации. Ранее ФТС России была подчинена Министерству экономического развития и торговли.

На ФТС возложены следующие основные функции: ведение реестров и выдача свидетельств и разрешений на право деятельности в определённых сферах таможенного дела; осуществление таможенного оформления и контроля;  классификация товаров в соответствии с товарной номенклатурой внешнеэкономической деятельности; борьба с правонарушениями в области таможенного дела; бесплатные консультативные услуги участникам внешнеэкономической деятельности; взимание таможенных платежей (пошлин и налоговых сборов).

Территориальная структура ФТС России такова:

- региональные таможенные управления;

- региональные таможни;

- таможенные посты;

- таможни центрального подчинения (например, таможни московских аэропортов, Центральная акцизная таможня и др.).

(From: http://ru.wikipedia.org)

 Role-playing

Inform your partner on the principles, functions, administrative and territorial structure of the customs service in Russia. Discuss what changes could be made to improve the FCS structure.

 

Case-study/Project

Review the text and browse the Internet to draw an organization chart of the FCS of the Russian Federation. Follow the chart you have drawn to speak in class on the principles of the FCS seniority and functioning.

 


Self-assessment grid

Tick (✓) “Yes” or “No” answers in appropriate columns and lines to self-assess your knowledge and skills. Yes No

I know:

- the topical vocabulary “The Federal Customs Service”;
- the structure and functions of the Federal Customs Service;
- archaic words with the elements here- and there-;
- some features of the formal style of writing.

I can:

- use the modal verb shall to express obligation;
- re-order the jumbled paragraphs in a text;
- retell a brief newspaper article;
- speak on the principles of the FCS seniority and functioning;
- make a project (draw an organization chart of the FCS).
Total number of positive/negative answers:

Module 12

Pre-reading issues

 

1. What is the mission of the customs?

2. Do you know anything about the history of the customs?

3. How different is the customs from other organizations?

 

Customs as an organization

Customs is a unique organization among government agencies. It is neither a domestic agency nor an international agency. It is poised on the international borders as the nation’s guard against external threats to health, safety, and the environment. Customs protects domestic industry and collects revenue to support the government. It must be aware of the border implications of national priorities concerning domestic crime, immigration, labor, economy, and agriculture. At the same time, it must maintain an awareness of international issues and their potential impact on the nation, and it must be knowledgeable about national obligations to trade and transport treaties and conventions.

In many ways, customs organizations relate more closely with their counterparts in other countries than they do with other agencies in their own government. They frequently look to customs administrations internationally and in the neighboring countries for assistance and for ideas on how to improve operations or enforcement, as well as to exchange information on emerging threats.

Historically, customs work consisted of the manual labor of inspecting cargo, vessels, and passengers, and patrolling long stretches of border between ports of entry. Customs management was close to higher ranking government officials, while its staff was often poorly educated, trained, and compensated. This arrangement undermined professionalism and integrity in the customs.

A modern customs administration must use a professional workforce and an enabling technology to accomplish its mission.

An ideal organization is not static. The imperatives of a globalized economy on customs have become clear. Public and private sector organizations modify their structures continually to address new challenges. A customs administration is no exception and often struggles to find an ideal organization to match the constantly changing customs environment. 

Traditionally, customs organizations are structured as departments of the Ministry of Finance and are fully accountable to the Ministry for their operations and results. The placement of customs under one ministry or the other is, at the end, a decision that could be reached rationally given the unique administrative structure and economic circumstances of the country, as well as the mission assigned to customs by the government. At times, customs has somewhat greater autonomy than other agencies, generally due to its responsibilities as border guard, as well as its responsibility to deal with noncompliant traders and smugglers.

The organizational structure of most customs is decentralized, consisting of headquarters and regional and local offices. The headquarters develops operational policy and procedures, monitors the activities of the decentralized offices and is responsible for personnel policy. Regional offices oversee the activities of the local offices in their jurisdiction. The staff at the local offices decide on the level of verification required when processing a declaration and releasing goods.

It is thus obvious that customs organizations need to find the organizational formula best suited for their particular circumstances.

(From: Customs Modernization Handbook)

 

 

Text comprehension

1. Why is Customs a unique organization?

2. What does Customs protect?

3. How does Customs support the government?

4. What must Customs be aware of?

5. Do customs organizations relate more closely with their counterparts in other countries? In what ways?

6. What did customs work historically consist of?

7. What causes changes in the work of modern customs?

8. How are customs organizations traditionally structured?

9. Why does customs has greater autonomy than other agencies?

10.  What tasks do customs headquarters, regional and local offices perform?


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