A patient was admitted to the infectious department. His symptoms: dry skin, decreased skin
Turgor, rice-water stool. The patient was diagnosed with cholera. What disorder of
Water-electrolytic balance is most often observed in this disease?
A Isoosmotic hypohydration
B Hyperosmotic hyperhydration
C Hypoosmotic hypohydration
D Hyperosmotic hypohydration
E Hypoosmotic hyperhydration
A 45 year old woman is ill with breast cancer. Her left arm has symptoms of lymphatic system
Insufficiency - limb edema, lymph node enlargement. What form of lymphatic circulation
Insufficiency is it?
A Mechanic insufficiency
B Dynamic insufficiency
C Resorption insufficiency
D Combined insufficiency
A 25 year old man has spent a long time in the sun under high air humidity. As a result of it his
body temperature rose up to 39oC. What pathological process is it?
B Infectious fever
D Noninfectious fever
E Burn disease
A 26 year old man is in the torpid shock phase as a result of a car accident. In blood:
3,2*109/l. What is the leading mechanism of leukopenia development?
A Redistribution of leukocytes in bloodstream
B Leikopoiesis inhibition
C Disturbed going out of mature leukocytes from the marrow into the blood
D Lysis of leukocytes in the blood-forming organs
E Intensified elimination of leukocytes from the organism
A 23-year-old patient has been admitted to a hospital with a craniocerebral injury. The patient is
In a grave condition. Respiration is characterized by prolonged convulsive inspiration followed
By a short expiration. What kind of respiration is it typical for?
B Gasping breath
A 3-year-old boy with pronounced hemorrhagic syndrome doesn't have antihemophilic globulin A
Factor VIII) in the blood plasma. Hemostasis has been impaired at the following stage:
A Internal mechanism of prothrombinase activation
B External mechanism of prothrombinase activation
C Conversion of prothrombin to thrombin
D Conversion of fibrinogen to fibrin
E Blood clot retraction
A patient got a gunshot wound of hip which damaged the sciatic nerve. Any impact on the
Affected limb causes severe, excruciating pain. What mechanism of pain is most likely in this
D Endorphin hypofunction
E Enkephalin hypofunction
A patient with bronchial asthma has developed acute respiratory failure. What kind of
Respiratory failure occurs in this case?
A Obstructive disturbance of alveolar ventilation
B Restrictive ventilatory defect
E Dysregulation of alveolar ventilation
On the fifth day after the acute blood loss a patient has been diagnosed with hypochromic
Anemia. What is the main mechanism of hypochromia development?
A Release of immature red blood cells from the bone marrow
B Impaired iron absorption in the intestines
C Increased destruction of red blood cells in the spleen
D Impaired globin synthesis
E Increased excretion of body iron
A patient with diabetes developed a diabetic coma due to the acid-base imbalance. Specify the
Kind of this imbalance:
A Metabolic acidosis
B Metabolic alkalosis
C Respiratory acidosis
D Gaseous alkalosis
E Non-gaseous alkalosis
A female patient has been diagnosed with cervical erosion, which is a precancerous pathology.
What defense mechanism can prevent the development of a tumor?
A Increase in natural killer level (NK-cells)
B High-dose immunological tolerance
C Increase in the activity of lysosomal enzymes
D Simplification of the antigenic structure of tissues
E Low-dose immunological tolerance
A 38-year-old female patient complains of general weakness, cardiac pain, increased appetite,
No menstruation. Objectively: the height is 166 cm, weight 108 kg, the patient has moon-shaped
Face, subcutaneous fat is deposited mainly in the upper body, torso and hips. There are also
Blood-red streaks. Ps- 62/min, AP- 160/105 mm Hg. Which of the following diseases is the
Described pattern of obesity most typical for?
A Cushing pituitary basophilism
B Alimentary obesity
E Babinski-Frohlich syndrome
Measurements of the arterial pCO2 and pO2 during an attack of bronchial asthma
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