A section of the left lung was found to have an area of dense red tissue. The area was

Cone-shaped, stood out distinctly from the healthy tissue, with its base directed to the pleura.

The dissected tissue was granular, dark-red. What is the most likely diagnosis?

A Haemorrhagic infarction

B Lung abscess

C Lung gangrene

D Primary tuberculous affection

E Croupous pneumonia


A patient has a cluster of matted together dense lymph nodes on his neck. Histological

Examination of a removed lymph node revealed proliferation of reticular cells, presense of

Reed-Sternberg cells. What disease is meant?

A Lymphogranulomatosis

B Lymphoblastic leukosis

C Myeloblastic leukosis

D Myelocytic leukosis

E Lymphocytic leukosis


A patient had been suffering from profuse diarrhea and vomiting for 2 days. He died from acute

Dehydration. Autopsy revealed that the intestinal wall was edematic and hyperemic, with multiple

Haemorrhages in the mucous membrane. Intestine lumen contains whitish fluid resembling of

Rice water. What disease caused death?

A Cholera

B Dysentery

C Salmonellosis

D Typhoid fever

E Enterocolitis


Examination of a 66 year old patient revealed a lytic tumour in the locus of pathological rib

Fracture. Histologically this tumour consists of atypical plasmoblasts. Further examination

Revealed osteoporosis in the bones of vertebral column and pelvis. These changes are typical for:

A Myelomatosis

B Tuberculous osteomyelitis

C Ewing's osteosarcoma

D Neuroblastoma

E Metastatic lung cancer


A patient died from acute cardiac insufficiency, among clinical presentations there was

Gastrointestinal haemorrhage. Examination of mucous membrane of sromach revealed some

Defects reaching myenteron; their edges and bottom were mostly even and loose, some of them

Contained dark-red blood. What pathological process was revealed?

A Acute ulcers

B Chronic ulcers

C Erosions

D Thrombosis

E Inflammation


A 33 year old man died from uraemia. Autopsy revealed enlarged kidneys weighing 500,0 each

And consisting of multiple cavities 0,5-2 cm in diameter. The cavities were full of light-yellow

Transparent liquid. Renal pelvis and ureters had no pecularities. What renal disease caused


A Bilateral polycystic renal disease

B Chronic pyelonephritis

C Renal tumour

D Renal tuberculosis

E Rapidly progressing glomerulonephritis


A patient ill with tuberculosis died from progressing cardiopulmonary decompensation. Autopsy

In the area of the right lung apex revealed a cavity 5 cm in diameter communicating with lumen

Of a segmental bronchus. On the inside cavity walls are covered with caseous masses with

Epithelioid and Langhans cells beneath them. What morphological form of tuberculosis is it?

A Acute cavernous tuberculosis

B Tuberculoma

C Caseous pneumonia

D Infiltrative tuberculosis

E Acute focal tuberculosis


A 45 year old male died from disseminated tuberculosis. On autopsy the symptoms of

Tuberculosis were confirmed by both microscopical and histological analyses. All the affected

Organs had epithelioid cell granulomas with caseous necrosis in the centre. What kind of

Hypersensitivity reaction underlies the process of granuloma development?

A Delayed

B Antibody-dependent cytotoxicity

C Complement-dependent cytotoxicity

D Anaphylactic

E Immune complex


A 30 year old woman has applied a lipstick with a fluorescent substance for a long time. Then

She got a limited erythema and slight peeling on her lip border, later there appeared transversal

Striae and cracks. Special methods of microscopic examination of the affected area helped to

Reveal sensibilized lymphocytes and macrophages in the connective tissue; cytolysis. What type

Of immunological hypersensitivity was developed?

A IV type (cellular cytotoxicity)

B I type (reaginic)

C II type (antibody cytotoxicity)

D III type (immune complex cytotoxicity)

E Granulomatosis


Examination of a young woman revealed a node-like, soft and elastic homogenous tumour of

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