A section of the left lung was found to have an area of dense red tissue. The area was
Cone-shaped, stood out distinctly from the healthy tissue, with its base directed to the pleura.
The dissected tissue was granular, dark-red. What is the most likely diagnosis?
A Haemorrhagic infarction
B Lung abscess
C Lung gangrene
D Primary tuberculous affection
E Croupous pneumonia
A patient has a cluster of matted together dense lymph nodes on his neck. Histological
Examination of a removed lymph node revealed proliferation of reticular cells, presense of
Reed-Sternberg cells. What disease is meant?
B Lymphoblastic leukosis
C Myeloblastic leukosis
D Myelocytic leukosis
E Lymphocytic leukosis
A patient had been suffering from profuse diarrhea and vomiting for 2 days. He died from acute
Dehydration. Autopsy revealed that the intestinal wall was edematic and hyperemic, with multiple
Haemorrhages in the mucous membrane. Intestine lumen contains whitish fluid resembling of
Rice water. What disease caused death?
D Typhoid fever
Examination of a 66 year old patient revealed a lytic tumour in the locus of pathological rib
Fracture. Histologically this tumour consists of atypical plasmoblasts. Further examination
Revealed osteoporosis in the bones of vertebral column and pelvis. These changes are typical for:
B Tuberculous osteomyelitis
C Ewing's osteosarcoma
E Metastatic lung cancer
A patient died from acute cardiac insufficiency, among clinical presentations there was
Gastrointestinal haemorrhage. Examination of mucous membrane of sromach revealed some
Defects reaching myenteron; their edges and bottom were mostly even and loose, some of them
Contained dark-red blood. What pathological process was revealed?
A Acute ulcers
B Chronic ulcers
A 33 year old man died from uraemia. Autopsy revealed enlarged kidneys weighing 500,0 each
And consisting of multiple cavities 0,5-2 cm in diameter. The cavities were full of light-yellow
Transparent liquid. Renal pelvis and ureters had no pecularities. What renal disease caused
A Bilateral polycystic renal disease
B Chronic pyelonephritis
C Renal tumour
D Renal tuberculosis
E Rapidly progressing glomerulonephritis
A patient ill with tuberculosis died from progressing cardiopulmonary decompensation. Autopsy
In the area of the right lung apex revealed a cavity 5 cm in diameter communicating with lumen
Of a segmental bronchus. On the inside cavity walls are covered with caseous masses with
Epithelioid and Langhans cells beneath them. What morphological form of tuberculosis is it?
A Acute cavernous tuberculosis
C Caseous pneumonia
D Infiltrative tuberculosis
E Acute focal tuberculosis
A 45 year old male died from disseminated tuberculosis. On autopsy the symptoms of
Tuberculosis were confirmed by both microscopical and histological analyses. All the affected
Organs had epithelioid cell granulomas with caseous necrosis in the centre. What kind of
Hypersensitivity reaction underlies the process of granuloma development?
B Antibody-dependent cytotoxicity
C Complement-dependent cytotoxicity
E Immune complex
A 30 year old woman has applied a lipstick with a fluorescent substance for a long time. Then
She got a limited erythema and slight peeling on her lip border, later there appeared transversal
Striae and cracks. Special methods of microscopic examination of the affected area helped to
Reveal sensibilized lymphocytes and macrophages in the connective tissue; cytolysis. What type
Of immunological hypersensitivity was developed?
A IV type (cellular cytotoxicity)
B I type (reaginic)
C II type (antibody cytotoxicity)
D III type (immune complex cytotoxicity)
Examination of a young woman revealed a node-like, soft and elastic homogenous tumour of
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