Ask your friend all possible questions to the following sentences. Mind tenses.



Model:       The Highlands of Scotland occupy most of the country.

Do the highlands of Scotland occupy most of the country?

What part of the country do the highlands of Scotland occupy?

Do the highlands of Scotland occupy most of the country or least of

the country?

The highlands of Scotland occupy most of the country, don't they?

 

1. Britain has the largest energy resources in the European community.

2. In 1967 reserves of natural gas were discovered in the North Sea.

3. Britain has to import many raw materials from abroad.

4. The thistle is the national emblem of Scotland.

5. Britain has for centuries lived by its people's enterprise and the advancement of its overseas trade.

6. Britain is a major world producer of oil, natural gas and coal.

7. The proceedings of both houses of Parliament are broadcast on television and radio.

8. As head of the Government the Prime Minister appoints ministers.

7. Say it in English:

1. Влітку південно-східна частина Англії найтепліша.

2. Найхолоднішими частинами з усіх є високогір'я Шотландії.

3. Темза - найглибша річка Англії.

4. Королева призначає прем'єр-міністра.

5. Центром парламентської влади є палата лордів.

6. Великобританія небагата корисними копалинами.

7. Одна з найбільш вражаючих речей в Англії, це швидкість з якою погода змінюється навіть на протязі одного дня.

8. Парламентська процедура базується на правилах датованих ще XVI сто­літтям.

9.  Цей закон був прийнятий ще на початку минулого століття.

 

10. У минулому році Великобританія експортувала майже половину своєї сільськогосподарської продукції.

11. Продуктивність також різко підвищилась в таких галузях промисловості як машинобудування та електротехніка.

IV. Practice Drills:

Using the chart of Great Britain (territory, location, population, parts, etc.) Make a

Report on the topic.

18

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

Great Britain

     
   

(Geography, General Information)

 

 
               

Capital: London

 

Main Rivers:

The Thames

The Tyne

The Trent

The Severn

 

Industry: Old branches:

textile coal-mining metallurgy

 

 

 

Parts:

England(London); Scotland (Edinburgh);

Wales (Cardiff); Northern Ireland (Belfast)

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

 

   

Modern branches:

chemical industry

electronics

engineering

   

Main Lake: Loch Lomond

Loch Ness Windermere

 

Territory: 244,000 km

 
 

 

 

Population: 56 mln.

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

 

   

Industrial Areas:

the Greater London

Lancashire

Yorkshire

Scotland

Wales

   

Main Mountains:

The Cheviot Hills

The Pennines

The Grampians

The Cambrians

 

Location: island country to the north-west of the Conti­nent

 
 

 

 

Washed by: the Atlantic Ocean(in the North and West); the North Sea (in the East);the Irish Sea (in the West); the Straits of Dover (in the South); the English Channel (in the South)

 
     

 

  Peaks: Ben Nevis Snowdown  

Industrial centres: London, Manchester, Birmingham, etc.

     

 

 

 

 

 

   

Natural Resources: coal, iron, lead, tin, copper,

Borders on: Ireland

 

slate, salt, china-clay, granite

   

I. Pre-reading stage:

1. Study the following words and combinations:

1. an advancement - успіх

2. an affair - справа

3. to appoint - призначати

4. an approval - схвалення (ухвалення)

5. a castle - фортеця

6. election - вибори

7. a commander-in-chief- головнокомандуючий

8. community - суспільство, спільність

9. to compose - складати

 

10. confidence - довіра

11. considerable - значний

12. contribution - вклад, внесок

13. to exercise - виконувати обов'язки

14. to flow - текти

15. to gain - одержувати

16. hereditary - спадковий

17. to inherit - успадкувати

 

19

18. thistle - чортополох, будяк

19. woolsack - мішок з вовною

20. legislature - законодавство, влада

21. peer (peeress) - лорд (пер), леді

22. proceedings - засідання

23. to provide - забезпечувати

24. to reign - царювати

25. Remarkable - чудовий

26. to run/to rule - правити

27. salary - заробітна плата

28. shadow cabinet - тіньовий кабінет

29. suffrage - право голосу, виборче право

30. substantial - важливий, головний

31. supply - запаси

32. to win - вигравати

33. to be vested in - наділені владою

П. While-reading stage:

1. Read and translate the text.

THE GOVERNMENT OF GREAT BRITAIN

Great Britain is a parliamentary monarchy. Officially, the head of the state is the Queen. She is an integral part of the legislature and the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. The power of the Queen in Britain is not absolute but constitutional. She acts only on the advice of the ministers, her powers are limited by Parliament.

The legislative power is vested in the Queen and Parliament made up of two Houses -the House of Lords and the House of Commons, the supreme legislative body. The British Parliament exists since 1265. It is the oldest Parliament in the world. The House of Lords is a non-elected chamber. The titles and seats are inherited there. The House of Commons is a nation-wide representative body. It is elected by a universal suffrage, which was intro­duced in 1918. The Commons has 650 elected Members of Parliament (MPs). They are granted a salary for their parliamentary work. They are elected by the general election, which is to be held every 5 years.

There is no written constitution in the country. The term "English Constitution" means the leading principles, conventions, laws and statutes. The British constitution does not provide written guarantees of individual political rights.

As a rule, the Prime Minister is the leader of the party that has won the election and has the majority in the House of Commons. The Prime Minister appoints the ministers to compose the government. The ministers who have gained the confidence of the Prime Minister are presented to the monarch for the formal approval. Thus the Cabinet is formed. It is presided over by the Prime Minister and controls and runs the national affairs. About 20 ministers are in the Cabinet - the senior group takes major policy decisions. The second largest party forms the official Opposition, with its own leader and "shadow cabinet". The Opposition has a duty to criticize government policies and to present an alternative pro­gram.


Англійська мова                           

20

III. Post-reading stage:

2. Give Ukrainian equivalents for the following:

• to belong                                                • to act on the advice of the ministers

• parliamentary work                               • to gain the confidence

• the head of the government                    • formal approval

• written guarantee                                   • tribunal

• to form the cabinet

3. Give English equivalents for the following:

• державні справи                                    • глава системи правосуддя

• законодавча влада                                • повноваження королеви

• призначати платню                               • обмежені парламентом

• верховна влада                                     • представник держави

• збройні сили                                          • пряме голосування

4. Agree or disagree with the following statements. Use the phrases:

Exactly so Sure (ly), I agree with you, It is really so, Of course/On the contrary, It is not quite so; I can't agree with you, You are wrong

1. The Prime Minister presides over the Cabinet

2. The Parliament limits the powers of the Queen.

3. The Cabinet is headed by the Queen.

4. The Queen and the Parliament exercise the legislative power.

5. The seats in the House of Lords are not inherited.

6. The universal suffrage was introduced in 1928.

7. The power of the Queen in Britain is Absolute.

5. Answer the following questions:

1. What kind of state is Great Britain?

2. Who is officially the head of state?

3. What is the structure of the political system of Great Britain?

4. In whose hands is the legislative power in Great Britain?

5. What is the body of the legislative power?

6. What does the term "English Constitution" mean?

7. What kind of Parliament has Great Britain?

8. When was the British Parliament formed?

9. Who usually becomes the Prime Minister?

 

10. How often are general elections held?

11. Who is the head of the Government?

12. How many chambers are there in the British Parliament?

13. What are the functions of the Parliament?


Англійська мова

21

IV. Practice Drills:

1. Study the chart "Great Britain" (Parliamentary Monarchy and Political Parties) and discuss information in the form of questions and answers.

 

 

 

 

 

Great Britain (Parliamentary Monarchy)

 

 

 

 

     

 

 

Parliament - the

supreme legislative body

   

Government

theH

ouse of

The House of

 

The Sovereign

 

The Prime Minister

Commons

Lords

 

(King or Queen)

 

(the leader of the Party of the

(elected, 635

(not elected, about

 

reigns, but does

 

majority)

M.P. 450 seats)

1000 peers

 

not rule

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

The Speaker

The Lord Chancel-

 

The centre of

 

The Cabinet

 

The official

(presiding offi-

lor (Speaker of the

 

pomp and cere-

 

(appointed

 

residence

cer of the

House of Lord)

 

mony (the speech

 

by the

 

(Downing

House of

 

 

from the Throne;

 

Prime Min-

 

StreeUO)

Commons)

 

 

the changing of

 

ister)

 

 

 

Residence: Bi

jckingham Palace

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Power

 

 

(hereditar

, not elective)

 

 

 

Great Britain (Main Political Parties)

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

   

 

 

The Conservative

 

the Labour Party

 

the Liberal Party

 

The Communist Party

Party (Tory) (re-

 

(professes socialists

 

(represents mer-

 

(organized in 1920,

presents the mo-

 

aims; practical pro-

 

chants, finance

 

defends the interests of

nopolists and land-

 

gramme - capitalist

 

capitalists, landed

 

working people and

owners)

 

reorganization)

 

aristocracy)

 

socialism,)

                                     

2. Role play the following situations:

Situation 1.You are invited to take part in the discussion about Great Britain. Make a report on political life of the country. Describe your own impressions of visiting Great Britain. Be ready to answer students' questions.

Situation 2.You are in the plane flying from Ukraine to Great Britain. Ask the guide questions on rivers, mountains, lakes, natural resources, industrial centres of Great Britain.

Usefull expressions:

You should see - Вам треба було б подивитись.

May I give you some suggestions? - Можна я дам Вам кілька пропозицій?


Англійська мова

22

I'd like to give you apiece of advice - Я б хотів Вам порадити. Most willingly - охоче; I'd be grateful for your advice - Був би вдячний за Вашу пораду.

UNIT 1.3. UKRAINE

(Лексичний мінімум основ міжкультурної свідомості з визначенням взаємостосунків, взаємовідносин, регіональних та соціальних відмінностей


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