Fill in the table with plural nouns according to the way their endings are pronounced. Explain the rule. Consult a grammar reference book if necessary.

/s/ /z/ /iz/
interests organizations services


Abilities, individuals, goods, demands, changes,systems, skills, competencies, environments, ways, problems, exceptions, processes, jams, capabilities, laws, objects, forces, directions, managers, makers, strengths, weaknesses, companies, opportunities, threats, decisions, consequences,  feelings,  practices.

Arrange the chains of words into meaningful sentences.

a) organizations, are, the, inseparable, and, of, interests, people;

b) be, place, should, the, market, people, relevant, in;

c) rapidly, changing, in, environments, grow, organizations;

d) be, organizational, contribute, workers, to, success, able, to, must;

e) of, subject, laws, companies, as, behavior, are, the, people, same, to;

f) workers, and, management, are, by, practices, appreciated, effective.

Fill in the articles where necessary.

… businesses of all types should try to increase … size of their potential markets and … customers. Adapting products and services to … needs of … local markets or modifying them to appeal to potential customers in … new markets are ways to increase … market size, sales, and revenues. That might be accomplished by advertizing and promoting products and services in … different language or moving into … other countries and markets.

Find in the text the words that can function either as a noun or as a verb. Organize them into pairs based on conversion. Follow the model.

E.g.  Work – to work, …

Arrange the words into four categories: 1) nouns, 2) verbs, 3) adverbs and 4) adjectives. Use a dictionary if necessary.

Ability, inseparable, require, pursuit, likewise, common, goal, relevant, respond, dramatic, technology, rapidly, possess, skill, environment, contribute, organizational, exception, valuable, efficient, productive, resistant, weakness, solution, disastrous, consequence, genuinely, mutual, effective, emerge, nature.

Translate the text into English.

Организации тесно связаны с людьми. Организации существуют потому, что люди не могут самостоятельно решать какие-то проблемы. Люди, работающие в одной организации, объединяются для достижения общей цели.

Чтобы оставаться на рынке, необходимо предлагать соответствующие товары и услуги. Организация также должна реагировать на быстро изменяющиеся условия и новые запросы рынка.

Сотрудники организации должны вносить вклад в успех организации, выполнять работу самым быстрым и эффективным способом.


You have just started working for a new company as a project manager. You have noticed some weaknesses in the work of the company. You are speaking to your co-worker(s)/to your boss. Try to explain your ideas about how to change the work of the company for the better.



Study the information below. Say what changes you would introduce in pursuit of the company’s common goals.

NNE Pharmaplan is the world’s leading engineering and consultancy company focused exclusively on the pharma and biotech industries. The managers of the NNE Pharmaplan have laid some challenging goals. NNE Pharmaplan offers its workers freedom with responsibility as well as the opportunity to plan their own life and realize their personal interests. This enables to perform their work at a competitive level. By balancing their work and personal life, the managers of the company obtain the energy to perform their best.


Self-assessment grid

Tick (✓) “Yes” or “No” answers in appropriate columns and lines to self-assess your knowledge and skills. Yes No

I know:

- the topical vocabulary “Organization theory”
- 4-syllable word-stress patterns;
- the meaning of the prefixes im-, in-, un-;
- how to pronounce the plural ending –s/-es in nouns.
I can:
- distinguish between nouns and verbs made by conversion;
- use English articles in context;
- choose the best translation of a word in the context;
- arrange chains of words into meaningful sentences;
- role-play situations discussing how to improve the work of a company.
Total number of positive/negative answers:

Module 3

Pre-reading issues

1. What are different organizations formed for?

2. What organizations are more effective – governed by the state or by private owners?

3. Name some well-known organizations in the private and public sector of the Russian economy.

4. Would you like to work for a state or private company? Justify your choice.

Types of organizations

There are three main types of organizations in the business environment: private, public and non-profit organizations (NPOs). Private organizations are governed by the laws of capitalism. Their main aim is to make profit. They have no governmental component in their structure. McDonalds, Marks and Spenser and other companies are some examples of private organizations.

Public sector organizations, on the other hand, are owned and controlled by the government. Their main aim is not to make profit, but to deliver government services to citizens at national, regional and local levels. The National Health Service (NHS), the Army and local councils are some examples of public sector organizations.

Non-profit organizations are the ones that provide goods and services for the benefits of society without seeking private profit in return. Any profit that is made by an NPO is kept in the organization for future use and is not owned by any individual or a group. The Doctors Without Borders is an example of an NPO. Doctors work on a voluntary basis to help people whose lives are at risk. The organization runs with the help of donors and government funds.

An organization behaves the way its employees behave and the way its managers direct it. Today organizations have abandoned the traditional thinking of what work is and how people should work. Employment now means more than having a job. It is not just something an individual does, but a combination of shared responsibilities and duties between the organization and the individual. There is a need to find effective ways to build a firm bond between the organization and the individual.


Text comprehension

 1. What are the three main types of organizations?

 2. What laws are private organizations governed by?

 3. What is the main aim of private organizations?

 4. Does the government have a share in private companies?

 5. What organizations are controlled by the government?

 6. What is the aim of public sector organizations?

 7. What organizations provide goods and services for the benefits of society?

 8. Do NPOs work for making profit?

 9. What is the function of the Doctors Without Borders?

 10. How does the philosophy of organizations have changed today?


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