A. Passing through the organism of the sensative animals
B. Cultivation in the telluric environment
C. Phage conversion
D. Chromosome mutation
E. Growing with antitoxic serum
A patient with tissue trauma was taken a blood sample for the determination of blood clotting parameters. Specify the right sequence of extrinsic pathway activation:
A. IV - VIIa - Xa
B. IV - VIII: TF - Xa
C. III - VIIa - Xa
D. III - IV - Xa
E. III - VIII: TF - Xa
The pulmonalis embolism has suddenly developed in a 40-year-old patient with opened fracture of the hip. Choose the possible kind of embolism:
E. Foreign body
A 63-year-old woman shows symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. The increase of what blood indices could be the most significant for proving the diagnosis?
B. Additive glycosaminoglycans
D. Acid phosphatase
E. General cholesterol
A patient with rheumatoid arthritis who had been treated with indometacin has got signs of gastropathy. What activity of the drug can this complication be connected with?
E. Locally irritating
A 58-year-old patient with acute cardiac insufficiency has decreased volume of daily urine - oliguria. What is the mechanism of this phenomenon?
A. Rise of hydrostatic blood pressure in capillars
B. Decreased glomerular filtration
C. Reduced permeamility of renal filter
D. Decreased number of functioning glomerules
E. Drop of oncotic blood pressure
75 A 50-year-old patient with typhoid fever was treated with Levomycetin, next day his condition became worse, temperature rose to 39,60 С . What caused the complication?
A. The effect of endotoxin agent
B. Secondary infection addition
D. Allergic reaction
E. Irresponsiveness of an agent to the levomycetin
76 A patient operated on complicated appendicitis has the following changes of blood count: erythrocytes - 4,0 . 10 1 2 l, Н b - 120 g/l, color index - 0,9, leukocytes – 18 . 109l, basophils - 0, eosinophils - 0, myelocytes - 0, juvenile - 0, stab neutrophils - 20, segmentonuclear neutrophils - 53, lymphocytes - 21, monocytes - 5. How is such nuclear shift of leukocytic formula called?
C. Regenerative left shift
D. Right shift
E. Degenerative left shift
A patient with diabetes mellitus experienced loss of consciousness and convulsions after injection of insulin. What is the result of biochemical blood analysis for concentration of the sugar?
A. 3,3 mmol/L
B. 1,5 mmol/L
C. 8,0 mmol/L
D. 5,5 mmol/L
E. 10,0 mmol/L
A 45-year-old woman suffers from seasonal allergic rhinitis caused by the ambrosia blossoming. What medicine from the stabilizer of the adipose cells group can be used for prevention of this disease?
79 Examination of a newborn boy's genitals revealed a cleft of urethra that opens on the inferior surface of his penis. What developmental anomaly is meant?
80 A 46-year-old man complains of difficulties with nasal breathing. Mikulicz's cells, accumulation of epithelioid cells, plasmocytes, lymphocytes, hyaline balls were discovered in the biopsy material of the thickened nasal mucosa. What is the most likely diagnosis?
A. Rhinovirus infection
B. Meningococcal nasopharyngitis
C. Allergic rhinitis
E. Virus rhinitis
Decreased blood supply to the organs causes hypoxia that activates fibroblasts function. Volume of what elements is increased in this case?
A. Nerve elements
B. Parenchymatous elements of an organ
C. Lymphatic vessels
D. Intercellular substance
E. Vessels of microcircular stream
A 40-year-old woman was admitted to the infectious diseases department with high body temperature. Objectively: marked meningeal symptoms. A spinal cord punction was made. What anatomic formation was puncturated?
A. Spatium epidurale
B. Spatium subarachnoideum
C. Cisterna cerebellomedullaris posterior
D. Spatium subdurale
E. Cavum trigeminale
A large-scale reaction with parapertussis and pertussis diagnosticums was made in order to make serological diagnostics of the whooping cough. At the bottom of the test-tubes with diagnosticum of Bordetella parapertussis a granular sediment formed. What antibodies did this reaction reveal?
A patient who has been treated with diazepam on account of neurosis complains of toothache. Doctor administered him an analgetic, but its dose was lower than average therapeutic dose. What phenomenon did the doctor take into account while prescribing the patient an underdose?
D. Drug dependence
85 Patient with abscess of the cut wound applied to the traumatological department. In order to clean the wound from the pus doctor washed it with 3% hydrogen peroxide. Foam was absent. What caused the absence of the drug activity?
A. Pus in the wound
B. Shallow wound
C. Low concentration H2O2
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