Ending aims of studying the subject “Normal Physiology”.



· To make a conclusion about physiological functions state of a whole organism, its systems and organs

· To analyze organism age functions peculiarities and their regulation                   

· To analyze the regulated parameters and make conclusions about organism physiological functions nervous and humoral regulation mechanisms as well as the organism systems

· To analyze human being health state under different conditions taking into account physiological criteria

· To make an interpretation of the organism excitive structures functioning mechanisms and regularities

· To analyze sensory processes state in a human being life activity providing

· To explain the organism functions investigative methods physiological bases

· To explain an organism integrative activity mechanisms

 

Module 1: General physiology

Lectures topic plan

N. Lection  topic Hours number
  1 Module 1. General physiology. Introduction in physiology course. Excitive tissues. Biopotentials. 2
2 Biological regulation common principle. Nervous regulation. CNS activity reflectory principle. 2
3 Excitation and inhibiting in CNS. Reflectory activity co-ordination principles. 2
4 CNS different levels in motor functions regulation. Spinal cord role in regulation. 2
5 Brain stem role in motor functions regulation. 2
6 Cerebellum and anterior brain (brain hemispheres) role in motor functions regulation. 2
7 Autonomic nervous system physiology, its role in visceral functions regulation. 2
  8 Endocrine glands role in growth, homeostasis, non-specific organism adaptation processes regulation. Humoral regulation, hormones role in regulation.   2
  Total: 16

 

Practical classes topic plan

N. Topics Hours
    Module 1. General physiology Content module 1: Introduction to physiology.  
1 Physiology subject and tasks. Physiological investigations methods. Excitability. Excitement. Irritation laws. 2
2 Content module 2:“Excitive structures physiology.” Nervous and muscular fibres resting potential and action potential. Excitability changings during action potential. 3
3  Nervous and muscular fibres electrical irritation mechanisms investigation. Electromyography. 1
4 Skeletal muscles contraction mechanisms investigation 2
5  Skeletal and smooth muscles comparative characteristics. 2
  Content module 3: “Organism functions nervous regulation”  
6 Reflex arc investigation. Receptors physiology . 2
7 . Excitement transmission investigation through nervous fibres. 2
8 Excitement transmission investigation through synapses. 2
9 Excitement processes investigation in CNS. Inhibition processes investigation in CNS. 2
10 Reflectory activity co-ordination mechanisms investigation. 2
  Content module 4: “CNS role in motor functions regulation”  
11 Practical skills on content modules 1, 2, 3. Situational tasks solving on content modules 1, 2.  
12 Spinal cord role investigation in motor organism functions regulation 2
13 Spine conductive function investigation. 2
14 Posterior brain role investigation in motor and sensor functions regulation 2
15  Midbrain role investigation in motor and sensor functions regulation 2
16 Cerebellum, diencephalon, subcortex nuclei role investigation in organism motor functions regulation 2
17 Situational tasks solving on content credits 3, 4. 2
  Content module 5: “Autonomic nervous system role in visceral functions regulation”  
18 Autonomic nervous system structural-functional organization, its role in visceral functions regulation. 2
19 Autonomic reflexes, their practical usage in clinics. 2
20 Content module 6: “Humoral regulation and endocrine glands role in visceral functions regulation”. Humoral regulation, its factors, hormones action mechanism to the target cells, hormonal secretion regulation. Hypothalamic-hypophyseal system. 2
21 Hormones role in psychical and physical development, linear body growth, adaptation, homeostasis regulation. 2
22 Practical experienceson content modules 4, 5, 6 2
23, 24 Credit module control on module 1: “General physiology”. 2
  Total 44

 

 

The student self-work types

 N ТOPIC Hours number Control type

МODULE  1: “General Physiology”

1. Preparing to the practical classes -  theoretical preparing and practical skills managing 15 Current control at practical classes
2. Self-work at topics that are out of auditory classes plan:    
  Physiology development history in the  ХІХ-th  century  1 Credit module control
  Contribution of works of І.М.Sechenov, І.P.Pavlov, P.К.Аnohyn, P.G.Кostyuk in world physiology development. Ukrainian physiological school. 1 -“-
3. Preparing to credit module control 5 Credit module control
  TOTAL 22  

4.4. Individual tasks list:

          

           1.Making topic tables on the chapter.

           2.Modern topic literature review by topics:

          -ANS functioning peculiarities (new data on receptors)

          -Humoral regulation:

· Humoral regulation, its factors, hormones action mechanisms to the target cells, hormones secretion regulation.

· Hypothalamic-hypophyseal system.

· Hormones role in a regulation of processes of body psychical, physical development and body linear growth as well as organism adaptation and homeostasis regulation.

      3.Synopses:

· Physiology development history in the XIX-th century.

· I.M.Sechenov works contribution in world physiology development.

· I.P.Pavlov works contribution in world physiology development.

· P.K.Anohyn works contribution in world physiology development.

· P.K.Kostyuk works contribution in world physiology development.

· Eastern physiological schools.

· Ukrainian physiological school.

 


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