B. Decreased need in increasing of oxygen supply to the myocardium



C. Increased oxygen supply to the myocardium

D. Decreased power inputs of myocardium due to reduced loading

E. Blockade of $\beta$-adrenoreceptors and decrease myocardial requirements to the oxygen.

 95 Testosterone and it's analogs increase the mass of skeletal muscles that allows to use them for treatment of dystrophy. Due to interaction of the hormon with what cell substance is this action caused?

A. Proteins- activators of transcription

B. Chromatin

C. Ribosomes

D. Membrane receptors

E. Nuclear receptors

Patient with diarrhoea was admitted to the infection unit. Gramnegative curved rod-like bacteria were founded on bacterioscopic examination of faecal masses. What is the most likely disease in this patient?

A. Typhoid fever

B. Intestinal form of plague

C. Diphtheria

D. Cholera

E. Salmonellosis gastroenteritis

On autopsy it is revealed that kidneys are enlarged, surface is large-granular because of multiple cavities with smooth wall, which are filled with clear fluid. What kidney disease did the patient have?

A. Polycystic kidney

B. Infarction

C. Necrotic nephrosis

D. Glomerulonephritis

E. Pyelonephritis

Substitution of the glutamic acid on valine was revealed while examining initial molecular structure. For what inherited pathology is this typical?

A. Minkowsky-Shauffard disease

B. Hemoglobinosis

C. Sickle-cell anemia

D. Favism

E. Thalassemia

On experiment on the dog the peripheral part of nervus vagus of the neck was irritated. What changes of the heart function would be observed?

A. Increased atrioventricular conduction

B. Increased contraction force and rate

C. Increased contraction force

D. Increased myocardial excitability

E. Decreased contraction rate

A 43-year-old patient has thrombopenia, reduction of fibrinogen, products of degradation of fibrin presented in the blood, petechial haemorrhage along with septic shock. What is the most likely cause of the changes?

A. Autoimmune thrombocytopenia

B. DIC-syndrom

C. Exogenous intoxication

D. Disorder of thrombocytes production

E. Haemorrhagic diathesis

A 30-year-old patient with bacteriologically proved dysentery developed the signs of paraproctitis. What is the stage of local changes in this patient?

A. Follicular colitis

B. Fibrinous colitis

C. Catarrhal colitis

D. Healing of the ulcers stage

E. Ulceration stage

On autopsy it was revealed: large (1-2 cm) brownish-red, easy crumbling formations covering ulcerative defects on the external surface of the aortic valve. What is the most likely diagnosis?

A. Fibroplastic endocarditis

B. Recurrent warty endocarditis

C. Diffusive endocarditis

D. Polypus-ulcerative endocarditis

E. Acute warty endocarditis

Tuberculine was injected intraperitoneally to the animal sensibilized with tuberculine. Venous hyperemia and peritonial edema were detected on the laparotomy in 24 hours. Increased amount of lymphocytes and monocytes were in the smear-print from the peritonium. What pathological process is in the animal?

A. Suppurative inflammation

B. Fibrinous inflammation

C. Serous inflammation

D. Aseptic inflammation

E. Allergic inflammation

Diagnostic scraping was performed to the woman with dysfunctional uterine bleeding. Multiple convoluted glands, ganglially dilated cavities of some glands were revealed histologically in the scrape. Name the type of general pathological process.

A. Displasia

B. Hypertrophic excrescence

C. Metaplasia

D. Glandulo-gangliac hyperplasia

E. Atrophy

A 25-year-old patient complained of the decreased vision. Accommodation disorders, dilated pupil, not reacting on the light were revealed on examination. Function of what muscles is disturbed?

A. Lateral rectus muscle, pupil narrowing

B. Pupil dilating muscle, ciliary

C. Pupil narrowing and dilating muscle

D. Pupil narrowing muscle, ciliary

E. Inferior oblique muscle, ciliary

A 60-year-old man after cerebral hemorrhage felt asleep for a long time. Damage of what structure caused this state?


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