Text # 41 Taming the tourists

The era of mass tourism in the mountain regions of industrialized countries began soon after World War II. This new phenomenon was a result of many factors, including increases in urban populations, income, vacation time, and mobility.

Today, in the era of cheap, global air travel, almost no mountains in any corner of the world are out of reach. Moreover, 'adventure tourists' and 'ecotourists' are willing to pay well, and their money is very welcome to poor governments and communities.

Although stories about the problems caused by tourism have become increasingly frequent in recent years, it is not necessarily a destructive force. The situation could be far better if tour operators and legislators considered how best to integrate tourism into the existing culture, with a minimal impact on the environment, and without host countries becoming too dependent on it. Merely restricting tourism cannot be the solution, because people's desire to see new places will not just disappear.

But the real key to the problem lies in giving indigenous communities greater control over the rate at which tourism grows, and the paths it takes. Encouragingly, more and more communities are demonstrating that, with firm decision-making, this is possible.

I. Write (true) or – (false) for each of the statements below:

1. There are still a lot of inaccessible areas in the mountains.

2. Positive changes in economics are the most influential factor of tourism.

3. Tourism is said to have an annihilating/crushing force.

4. Some people are controlling the growth of tourism in their community.

5. The environment benefits from tourism.

6. Nowadays more countries live separately from tourism.

II. Multiple choice.

1. Mass tourism in the mountains ..

a) was a result of world War II.

b) occurred partly because people had more money.

c) helped to improve income and mobility.

2. Nowadays, mountain communities …

a) are happy to receive money from tourism.

b) see tourism as an impossible problem.

c) are willing to pay well to visit new destination.

3. Tourism in not necessarily a problem if …

a) it is integrated into the local culture.

b) it is not accepted by the community but integrated into its culture.

c) it can be avoided, causing minimal impact on the environment.

4. According to the text, we need to …

a) reduce people’s desire to see new places.

b) restrict tourism in rural areas.

c) control the growth of tourism and how it develops.


Text # 42

A Hermosa Beach man who cried for forgiveness five years ago before a judge sentenced him for the drunken-driving killing of a Lawndale man was shot in a San Luis Obispo prison when he attacked a guard and tried to escape, authorities said Wednesday.

Scott Brockman, 33, taken from the medium-security California Men's Colony to a San Luis Obispo medical clinic for an X-ray on Tuesday, was shot in the back by the guard when he tried to run and jump a fence, police said.

"He started bashing on the guard and ran off," said San Luis Obispo police Capt. Bart Topham. "The guard was able to get up and chase him down."

Brockman, who had previously been convicted of drunken driving, was sentenced Nov. 19, 1997, in Torrance Superior Court to 14 years in prison following his guilty plea to voluntary manslaughter charges in the death of 27-year-old Jeffrey Dodley.

On Aug. 27, 1996, a drunken Brockman sideswiped a car on Hawthorne Boulevard, ran red lights in an escape attempt, and slammed into the back of Dodley's 1984 Nissan 200SX at Manhattan Beach Boulevard in Lawndale.

The Nissan exploded into a fireball, enveloping the trapped or unconscious Dodley.

Dodley, a teacher's assistant at a Lawndale elementary school who was starting a basketball league for children, died on his way back from a video store.

"These last months (in jail), I cried out to God, asking why he didn't take me instead of your son," Brockman cried at his sentencing.

Brockman was one of two inmates taken Tuesday to the Raytel Medical Imaging office for X-rays. Lt. Larry Vizard, spokesman for the San Luis Obispo prison, said Brockman punched one of two corrections officers in the face and escaped out the back door of the building. The officer chased him, ordered him to stop and fired two shots.

One struck Brockman in the back and exited his abdomen without hitting any vital organs. He was treated at a hospital and returned to prison Wednesday.

Brockman, who had to serve nearly 12 years of his sentence before he is eligible for parole, now could be charged with battery on a peace officer and attempted escape with force.

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