Finish the statements with the correct answer (А, В, С or D). The narrator thought that his father
The narrator thought that his father
A) believed that he was the luckiest man in the world.
B) was a knowledgeable and highly qualified man.
C) succeeded in almost everything he did.
D) didn’t mind being called a lucky man.
In paragraph 2 “I had to go all out” means that the narrator had to
A) take the civics examination one more time.
B) take the civics examination in a different school.
C) try as hard as he could to prepare for the exam.
D) find somebody to help him pass the exam.
They didn't promote the narrator because he had
A) proved less successful than Jim.
B) sold few records.
C) no Frame of Mind.
D) not reached the promotion age.
Mr Austin was in despair because
A) the curtain wouldn’t draw open.
B) he couldn’t find an electrician.
C) the display had cost him a lot of money.
D) he was likely to lose some customers.
When Mr Austin called the narrator’s father “Louis” the young man felt
A) proud of his Dad.
B) hopeful of his Dad.
C) jealous of his Dad.
D) sorry for his Dad.
The narrator was sure that
A) his Dad would open the safe.
B) his Dad knew nothing about safes.
C) Mr. Austin wanted to make fun of his Dad.
D) Mr. Austin had sent for his Dad to open the safe.
According to Louis’ words, Frame of Mind worked if one was
A) an expert in many fields.
B) ready to help other people.
C) a lucky person.
D) respectful and trustful.
Text# 31 Acoustic responsibility
We show an amazing tolerance for a form of pollution that is a growing problem: noise. Airplane traffic is increasing by five percent a year. Urban noise is doubling every ten years. By air, land and sea, we are facing an onslaught of noise that is threatening our ability to live in this world.
We have granted ourselves the right to make noise. But what about our responsibilities? Have we developed a sense of acoustic responsibility?
The evidence suggests that we have not. Many people seem to believe they have an unlimited right to make noise with cars and motorbikes, and with loud music at home and in the street. In some countries measures have been taken to force people to make less noise. In Britain, for example, a law has been passed preventing people from disturbing their neighbours with music at night.
It is widely accepted that we should deal with our rubbish in a responsible way Noise is in reality a particularly insidious form of rubbish. It destroys community life, pursues us into our homes, keeps us from sleeping and is the cause of many stress-related illnesses, as well as hearing loss. Our acoustic environment belongs to us. Everyone has the right to use it, but no one has the right to abuse it. Let's start using it responsibly.
I. Write (true) or – (false) for each of the statements below:
1. Today the world is attacked by noise.
2. Noise is constantly decreasing in cities.
3. Nowadays everyone thinks it’s all right to make noise.
4. Noise makes our living more hazardous.
5. British law protects people from their neighbors’ music at night.
6. Noise is considered to have nothing in common with rubbish.
II. Multiple choice.
1. The level of noise produced in cities and towns
a) is four times higher every eight/ten years.
b) is twice as high now than two years ago.
c) is twice as high now than ten years ago.
2. The right to make noise
a) is often questioned.
b) is particularly insidious.
c) should be accompanied by a sense of responsibility.
3. Many people
a) think that they have the right to muse noisy motorcycles or cars.
b) fell responsible for their noise.
c) think that cars and motorcycles are disturbing.
4. The author points out that
a) people don’t feel responsible for their rubbish.
b) noise and garbage are problems disturbing us at home.
c) we should accept our responsibility for noise as we do for rubbish.
Text # 32 Half-truths
Beware of those who use the truth to deceive. When someone tells you something that is true, but leaves out important information that should be included, he can create a false impression.
For example, someone might say, “I just won a hundred dollars on the lottery. It was great. I took that dollar tickets back to the store and turned it in for one hundred dollars!”
This guy is a winner, right? Maybe, maybe not. We then discover that he bought two hundred tickets, and only one was a winner. He’s really a big loser!
He didn’t say anything that was false, but he deliberately omitted important information. That’s called a half-truth. Half-truths are not technically lies, but they are just as dishonest.
Untrustworthy candidates in political campaigns often use this tactic. Let’s say that during Governor Smith’s last term, her state lost one million jobs and gained three million jobs. Then she seeks another term. One of her opponents runs an ad saying, “During Governor Smith’s term, and the state lost one million jobs!” That’s true. However an honest statement would have been, “During Governor Smith’s term, the state had a net gain of two million jobs.”
Advertisers will sometimes use half-truths. It’s against the law to make false claims so they try to mislead you with the truth. An ad might boast, “Nine out of ten doctors recommend Yucky Pills to cure nose pimples.” It fails to mention that they only asked ten doctors and nine of them work for the Yucky Corporation.
This kind of deception happens too often. It’s a sad fact of life: Lies are lies, and sometimes the truth can lie as well.
I. Write (true) or – (false) for each of the statements below:
1. Whenever people tell the truth, they are really lying.
2. People usually deceive to facilitate other people’s life.
3. You can’t trust gamblers.
4. People often cheat to seem more successful.
5. A half- truth means missing some insignificant information.
6. All governors help their states.
7. Deception is often used for benefits.
8. Misinformation is not illegal.
9. The truth can be used in dishonest ways.
10. Nowadays people try to cheat less.
II. Multiple choice.
1. What does “deceive” mean?
a. to make money .
b. ignore warnings.
2. What does “omitted” mean?
a. spent money.
b. left out.
c. told about.
3. The author clearly wants people to … .
a. think carefully about what they read and hear.
b. never trust anyone.
c. vote for female candidates.
4. Untrustworthy candidates are politicians who … .
a) spend much money for their campaigns.
b) take care about people’s well-being .
c) want to get a position at any price.
5. Advertisers often use half-truth …
a) because their work is based on fraud.
b) to show their competence.
c) to influence people’s choice.
6. According to the text, making false claims …
a) can hurt other people.
b) is illegal.
c) is still non-punishable.
Text # 33 The Man Who Taught Me to Care
My name is Scott and I am 36 years old. I have spent most of my adult life working in an unfulfilling job, and by doing so I had a very cynical view of life and the world around me. I thought that the humane qualities of man had been replaced by materialism and self absorption. Thanks to this view of the world, I saw no point in trying to better my life or the lives of the people around me.
Two years ago my girlfriend (now my wife) convinced me to return to school and work toward a career that I would find fulfilling. So I enrolled in Long Beach City College to pursue a degree in history. Last semester I took a political science class. It was not the class itself that had such a profound impact on me as it was the instructor. Dr. Rock served in the Air Force worked in the U.S. nuclear program and served as a White House aide during the Reagan administration. When I asked another instructor why someone who was so overqualified worked at a small community college, she simply told me because he wanted to.
This intrigued me, so I asked 'Doc Rock' himself why he did not pursue a more glamorous role in his career. What he told me has changed my life forever. He told me that by working at the college he would be able to reach the kinds of students that he believed would make a difference in the world. He said that with the right motivation and support, the students he taught could become the future leaders of our country. He said that he preferred the inner city college because the students there showed the most promise and cared deeply for their education.
Dr. Rock's class covered the basics of U.S. government and the Constitution, but it was his attention to the needs of the community that really taught me how to care. He encouraged us to .take part in our community in any way we could. He encouraged us not to be led by our emotions, prejudices, or biases, but to be led by common sense and decency.
I thought that 1 was the only one that was affected by his inspirational discourse, but at the end of the semester I found that the entire class had felt the same change come over them that came over me. Dr. Rock taught us how to care about our country, our community and ourselves.
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