Finish the statements with the correct answer (А, В, С or D). The questions the writer asks in paragraph one are concerned with
The questions the writer asks in paragraph one are concerned with
A. increasing social problems.
B. the purpose of education.
C. the growing increase in spare time.
D. the facilities provided for leisure.
According to the writer, the problem of work and leisure
A. can never be solved satisfactorily.
B. have to be looked at separately.
C. are really one and the same problem.
D. concern a factory worker more than a manager.
The writer suggests that
A. most people will soon work fewer hours.
B. golf and fishing are excellent spare time activities.
C. most people would rather not work at all.
D. many people find it difficult to fill their leisure time.
The writer also suggests that many people take up leisure activities
A. which are similar to their jobs.
B. which quickly become boring.
C. in which they don't have to think.
D. which are not too expensive.
The problems that the writer discusses become more difficult when
A. someone has a psychological problem as well.
B. a person loses his or her job.
C. someone has to earn extra money.
D. a man loses respect for others.
The real subject of the text is
A. how to get the most out of your job.
B. what to do in your spare time.
C. the problem of unemployment.
D. how to balance work and leisure.
I Read the texts below. Match choices (A-H) to (1-7). There is one choice you do not need to use.
A. First computers E. Professional sport
B. Risky sport F. Shopping from home
C. Shopping in comfort G. New users
D. Difficult task H. Digging for the past
1. A group of university students from Brazil have been given the job of discovering and locating all the waterfalls in their country. It is not easy because very often the maps are not detailed. The students have to remain in water for long periods of time. Every day they cover a distance of 35 to 40 kilometers through the jungle, each carrying 40 kilos of equipment.
2. For many years now, mail-order shopping has served the needs of a certain kind of customers. Everything they order from a catalogue is delivered to their door. Now, though, e-mail shopping on the Internet has opened up even more opportunities for this kind of shopping.
3. Another generation of computer fans has arrived. They are neither spotty schoolchildren nor intellectual professors, but pensioners who are learning computing with much enthusiasm. It is particularly interesting for people suffering from arthritis as computers offer a way of writing nice clear letters. Now pensioners have discovered the Internet and at the moment they make up the fastest growing membership.
4. Shopping centres are full of all kinds of stores. They are like small, self-contained towns where you can find everything you want. In a large centre, shoppers can find everything they need without having to go anywhere else. They can leave their cars in the shopping centre car park and buy everything in a covered complex, protected from the heat, cold or rain.
5. Not many people know that, back in the fifties, computers were very big, and also very slow. They took up complete floors of a building, and were less powerful, and much slower than any of today’s compact portable computers. At first, the data they had to process and record was fed in on punched-out paper; later magnetic tape was used, but both systems were completely inconvenient.
6. Potholing is a dull name for a most interesting and adventurous sport. Deep underground, on the tracks of primitive men and strange animals who have adapted to life without light, finding unusual landscapes and underground lakes, the potholer lives an exciting adventure. You mustn’t forget, though, that it can be quite dangerous. Without the proper equipment you can fall, get injured or lost.
7. Substantial remains of an octagonal Roman bath house, probably reused as a Christian baptistry, have been uncovered during a student training excavation near Faversham in Kent. The central cold plunge pool was five metres across, and stood within a structure which also had underfloor heating and hot pools, probably originally under a domed roof.
II Read the text and choose from (A-G) the one which best fits each space (1-6). There is one choice you do not need to use.
Before the Hubble Space Telescope was launched, scientists thought they knew the universe. They were wrong.
The Hubble Space Telescope has changed many scientists’ view of the universe. The telescope is named after American astronomer Edwin Hubble, 1 _______________________.
He established that many galaxies exist and developed the first system for their classifications.
In many ways, Hubble is like any other telescope. It simply gathers light. It is roughly the size of a large school bus.
What makes Hubble special is not what it is, 2 _______________________.
Hubble was launched in 1990 from the “Discovery” space shuttle and it is about 350 miles above our planet, 3 _______________________.
It is far from the glare of city lights, it doesn’t have to look through the air, 4 _______________________.
And what a view it is! Hubble is so powerful it could spot a fly on the moon.
Yet in an average orbit, it uses the same amount of energy as 28 100-watt light bulbs. Hubble pictures require no film. The telescope takes digital images 5 _______________________.
Hubble has snapped photos of storms on Saturn and exploding stars. Hubble doesn’t just focus on our solar system. It also peers into our galaxy and beyond. Many Hubble photos show the stars that make up the Milky Way galaxy. A galaxy is a city of stars.
Hubble cannot take pictures of the sun or other very bright objects, because doing so could “fry” the telescope’s instruments, but it can detect infrared and ultra violet light 6 _______________________.
Some of the sights of our solar system that Hubble has glimpsed may even change the number of planets in it.
A. which is above Earth’s atmosphere.
B. which are transmitted to scientists on Earth.
C. which is invisible to the human eye.
D. who calculated the speed at which galaxies move.
E. so it has a clear view of space.
F. because many stars are in clouds of gas.
G. but where it is.
Again, I’m not sure how this works in any other part of the world. At my university we have a student-elected body of representatives called “The Union”. It is a quasi-political body, elected from the student body and meant to represent the student body as a whole. However, I have doubts about their ability to represent me, and any other mature student at that university. Let me begin by saying that this year’s President likes to be called “Gravy”. The behavior of the Union on the whole reflects this level of maturity. This year I ran for the office, I promised someone that I would run. A random meeting with next year’s President and a rant about how ineffectual I thought the Union was brought this about, and I must say, my mates gave me a lot of support. However, I did not make the effort to canvass, I did not want the position.
Yes, if more mature and experienced people do not join, what hope is there of this body being more representative? I should feel worse than I do about my lax efforts, but there is no way in the world I could sit in an office with these people without ranting and raving at them. How can a body of 19 and 20 year olds represent a student body that ranges from 18 to 80? In the UK, more and more mature students are returning to study every year. If the body that is meant to represent them discusses issues like the ethics of every single product in the Union shop, or whether not allowing Al-Qaeda to operate from the university is discrimination or not … they are simply not represented. How can I present problems specific to a mature student to someone with little or no life experience themselves?
This became evident in a short time and I did not actually take any notice of the elections because these were not elections based on any kind of merit, but on how popular someone is, or how much attention they can draw to themselves during the elections by dressing up. When I see taxpayers’ money wasted on these things (and yes, it is that money that is used) it makes me see red. The Union has a very important job to do, and unfortunately it does not do it very well at all.
The Union would perform better as a non-elected body where people with experiences of the issues and methods do the work, rather than young and inexperienced people who want nothing more than a jolly good time with their mates, and something to put on their CV.
I have overheard some people talking about this on occasions. They think that there is something wrong with the situation. In my opinion, there’s definitely something wrong with it.
I never thought that this was what university would be about. I am there for a reason, to learn. I sold my house to finance this degree, it is a pretty major commitment for me, so of course I am going to take it seriously.
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