VII. Переведите на русский язык.



 

OXFORD UNIVERSITY

The University of Oxford may be said to date from 1214, when the first charter was granted by the Pope, but long before this date there had existed in the town a number of religious communities and these were the real beginning of the University.

First there were only about 60 chapels and a student was living and studying at one of these chapels learning theology, logic and rhetoric. Oxford University of today is a federation of 48 colleges, each largely independent.

The governing body of Oxford University is the congregation of 1500 men- the assembly of all the members of the colleges. The colleges admit students, organize programs, students’ work and residence, laboratories, libraries and term examinations and confers degrees. Forty colleges of 48 admit only men, two colleges are mixed and six colleges are only for women.

 A person studying for a degree at a British University is called a graduate.  B.A. or B.Sc. stands for Bachelor of Arts or of Science, the first degree given after a period of 3-4 years of specialized study at a University. M.A. or M. Sc. denotes Master of Arts, or of Science, a higher degree, usually conferred after a year’s post-graduate study.

 Social changes have certainly transformed Oxford considerably. Some of the traditions have gone in the past. However in spite of all these changes Oxford has not lost its distinctive character.

 

ВАРИАНТ 2

 

I.Перепишите следующие предложения, определите в каждом из них видо-временную форму и залог глагола-сказуемого. Переведите предложения. 

1. He went somewhere after returning to America from Europe, and for years has not been heard of.

2. These goods are being exported to all European countries.

3. They have never closed the library at eight o’clock.

 

II.Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на разные значения слов it, that, one.

1. The engineer was told that he might test the device in the afternoon.

2. It is evident that electricity will be the energy of the future.

3. One may get all the necessary books there and it is possible to keep them till the end of the academic year.

 

III.Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на русский язык, помня о разных значениях глаголов to be, to have, to do.

1. I am to leave for London soon.

2. We were taught to use the lab equipment.

3. He is good at mathematics and does it whenever he has a chance.

4. The car has brought mobility to millions of people, but at the same time polluted the atmosphere.

5. Next term I shall do research in the field of computer engineering.

 

IV.Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на бессоюзное подчинение.

1. They realized they might be close to the discovery of a new material.

2. I never regret the five years I spent on a farm.

 

V. Перепишите и переведите на русский язык следующие предложения; обратите внимание на то, что в них просьба или побуждение выражены с помощью глагола to let.

1. Let them look through these newspapers.

2. Let him apologize.

3. Let her tell about her work.

 

VI.Перепишите следующие предложения, переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на функцию инфинитива, герундия и причастия в предложении.

1. Clyde was awfully glad to have renewed his acquaintance with Sondra.

2. As we were given dictionaries, we managed to translate the article easily.

3. At last he broke the silence by inviting everybody to walk into the living room.

 

 

VII. Переведите на русский язык.

 

THE UNIVERSITY OF STRATHCLYDE (SCOTLAND)

Strathclyde is an exciting and stimulating environment in which to study. Founded in 1796 by John Anderson, Professor of Natural Philosophy at Glasgow University, it has quickly earned a reputation as a center of excellence in scientific and technological education. By 1993 Strathclyde was organized into 5 faculties: Arts and Social Studies, Business, Engineering, Science and Education.

  The University main campus is only a stone’s throw from Glasgow’s civic center. It means that students can enjoy an unparalleled range of amenities right on their doorstep. The Faculty of Education, for instance, supports the academic and recreational needs of its students through the wide range of facilities which include a library, theatre, bank, two shops, refectory, swimming pools, gymnasia and sports grounds.

  As for cultural activities, the University Theatre Group has presented everything from new interpretations of Shakespeare to the latest drama from the USA. The Drama Center’s professional staff and visiting specialists offer regular workshops in most areas of theatre practice, including acting, design, voice, mime and movement.

  Strathclyde postgraduates can take advantage of careers services in the UK. A particular feature of the University is its strength in contract research. It is one of two Universities that have been most successful in working with industry in developing academic research into commercial applications. Once close working relationships of this sort have been formed, other areas of work, such as training studentships, staff secondments and visiting professorships follow.

  Thus, you will find that Strathclyde has a reputation as Scotland’s most dynamic and innovative university.

 

ВАРИАНТ 3

 

I.Перепишите следующие предложения, определите в каждом из них видо-временную форму и залог глагола-сказуемого. Переведите предложения.

1. We need more water for agriculture, yet we are now wasting hundreds of tons of water a day.

2. We shall send you the goods as soon as they are available.

3. The house was being built, when I learned at school.

 

II.Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на разные значения слов it, that, one.

1. The important fact is that electricity offers improved service at reduced cost.

2. It is industrialization that is making ecological problems very serious.

3. One must study six years to become an engineer.

 

III.Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на русский язык, помня о разных значениях глаголов tobe, tohave, todo.

1. The work was done perfectly.

2. Measures are being taken to save Lake Baikal.

3. According to the weather forecast, it’ll be raining the whole day tomorrow.

4. They will have to repair their car.

5. Computers of different types and sizes have appeared in every country of the world.

 

IV.Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на бессоюзное подчинение.

1. Experience is the name everyone gives to their mistakes.

2. We shall spend our holidays in the same village we visited last year.

 

V. Перепишите и переведите на русский язык следующие предложения; обратите внимание на то, что в них просьба или побуждение выражены с помощью глагола tolet.

1. Let us book the tickets beforehand.

2. Let her put on her new dress.

3. Let him apologize.

4. Let us send a letter to her mother.

5. Let me do it myself.

 

VI.Перепишите следующие предложения, переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на функцию инфинитива, герундия и причастия в предложении.

1. After being corrected by the teacher, the students’ papers were returned to them.

2. The man standing at the door of the train carriage and saying goodbye to his friends is a well- known musician.

3. Very high temperatures often cause certain materials to break.

 


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