A. Fatty parenchymatous degeneration

B. Carbohydrate degeneration

C. Fatty vascular-stromal degeneration

D. Amyloidosis

E. Hyaline degeneration

 38 A patient's blood was analyzed and the decreased erythrocyte's sedimentation rate (ESR) was discovered. What disease from the listed below is accompanied with decreased ESR?

A. Hepatitis

B. Polycytemia

C. Vitamin B deficiency

D. Splenomegaly

E. Myocardial infarction

Tuberculine was introduced intracutaneously to the child for tuberculin test. Marked hyperemia, tissue infiltration developed on the place of injection in 24 hours. What mechanism caused these modifications?

A. Antibody cytotoxity

B. Reagin type cytotoxity

C. Granuloma formation

D. Immunocomplex cytotoxity

E. Cell cytotoxity

A 34-year-old patient was diagnosed with chronic glomerulonephritis 3 years ago. Edema have developed within the last 6 months. What caused the edema?

A. Hyperosmolarity of plasma

B. Hyperproduction of vasopressin

C. Proteinuria

D. Hyperaldosteronism

E. Liver dysfunction of protein formation

A 57-year-old patient was admitted to the gastroenterological department with suspicion of Zollinger-Ellison syndrom because of rapid increase of gastrin level in the blood serum. What is the most probable disorder of the secretory function of stomach?

A. Hypoacidic hypersecretion

B. Hyperacidic hypersecretion

C. Hypoacidic hyposecretion

D. Achylia

E. Hyperacidic hyposecretion

A 54-year-old man was admitted to the hospital with complaints of pain in the right subcostal region, vomiting with blood. Objectively: enlarged liver, varicose veins in the stomach and esophagus. Disfunction of what vessel is likely to have taken place?

A. Aorta abdominalis

B. Vena hepatica

C. Vena cava inferior

D. Vena porta

E. Vena cava superior

Kidneys of a man under examination show increased resorbtion of calcium ions and decreased resorbtion of phosphate ions. What hormone causes this phenomenon?

A. Thyrocalcitonin

B. Vasopressin

C. Hormonal form D3

D. Aldosterone

E. Parathormone

In the specimen of one of the parts of respiratory system a tubular organ was found. It has low epithelium, well developed muscular tunic, glands and cartilage are absent. Name this organ:

A. Median bronchs

B. Larynx

C. Major bronchs

D. Minor bronchs

E. Trachea

 45 Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) increased by 20% as a result of prolonged starvation of an individual. The most evident cause of filtration changes under this conditions is:

A. Increase of penetration of the renal filter

B. Increase of renal plasma stream

C. Increase of filtration coefficient

D. Decrease of oncotic pressure of blood plasma

E. Increase of systemic blood pressure

Microspecimen of red bone marrow contains multiple capillares through the walls of which mature blood cells penetrate into the bloodstream. What type of capillares are these?

A. Fenestrational

B. Sinusoidal

C. Somatical

D. Visceral

E. Lymphatic

Secretion of what gastrointestinal hormones will be primarily decreased as a result of iduodenum removal?

A. Neurotensin

B. Histamine

C. Cholecystokinin and secretin

D. Gastrin

E. Gastrin and histamine

 48 A person was selling "homemade pork" sausages at the market. State sanitary inspector suspected falcification of the sausages. What serological immune reaction can identifiy food substance?

A. Complement-fixation test

B. Indirect hemagglutination test

C. Precipitation test

D. Immunofluorescence test

E. Agglutination test

Microscopic examination of the enlarged neck gland of a 14-year-old girl revealed destruction of the tissue structure of the node, absence of the lymph follicles, sclerotic areas and necrosis foci, cell constitution of the node is polymorphous, lymphocites, eosinophiles, big atypical cells with multilobular nuclei (Beresovsky-Sternberg cells) and mononuclear cells of the large size are present. What is the most likely diagnosis?

A. Fungoid mycosis

B. Acute lympholeucosis

C. Chronic lympholeucosis

D. Berkitt's lymphoma

E. Lymphogranulomatosis

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