Перепишите предложения и переведите их, обращая внимание на разные значения слов it, that, one

1. As for the energy crisis, we think that it is a part of the global crisis.

2. One can believe that the future belongs to the solar energy only.

3. It is evident that destroying nature we destroy the surroundings of mankind.

4. Air pollutants often have properties that are harmful to the environment.


Перепишите предложения и переведите их, обращая внимание на разные значения глаголов tobe, tohave, todo.

1. We are to stop polluting our nature for ourselves and for the next generations.

2. Treatment and keeping of radioactive wastes do economic damage to biosphere.

3. People all over the world are worried about what is happening to the environment.

4. Overpopulation, pollution and energy consumption have created such planet-wide problems as massive deforestation, ozone depletion, acid rains and the global warming.


Перепишите предложения и переведите их, обращая внимание на бессоюзное подчинение.

1. We know solar cells help supply power to remote mountain, taiga and arctic areas.

2. The new technique the Russian scientists developed converts sunlight to electric power.


Перепишите предложения и переведите их, обращая внимание на функцию инфинитива.

1. Тоsolve the problems of environment protection we must create ecological data banks with the state and local authorities and businessmen’s support.

2. Experiments allowed him to discover the properties of new chemical elements.

3. Our idea was to have the state programme on complex forest problems.

4. The Russian scientists were the first to obtain clean energy from silicon (кремний).


Прочитайте и постарайтесь понять содержание текста. Переведите 3-й, 4-й абзацы.


About two hundred years ago man lived in greater harmony with his environment because industry was not much developed. Today the situation is quite different, the contradictions between man and nature are dramatic. People all over the world are worried about what is happening to the environment. Newspapers, magazines write about water pollution, air pollution and land pollution.

Now many parts of the world are crowded. Where many people live together, litter is a problem. People don’t always put garbage into a garbage can. It is easier to throw away a piece of paper than to find a garbage can for it. But litter is ugly. It makes the city look dirty and spoils the view. Litter is a health problem too. Food, garbage bring animals, which sometimes carry disease.

Much of our waste, waste from factories, chemical industry and heavy industry are very dangerous. Much of this dangerous waste goes into the air and is carried by winds over great distances. People don’t get enough oxygen in big cities. They suffer from smog. You can hardly breathe the air any more in our cities. And think of noise. Nowadays most city centres are simply too noisy to live in. We live with a motor car but we must become its master and not its slave.

The Earth is our home. We must take care of it for ourselves and for the next generations. This means keeping our environment clean. The importance of this task is pointed out by ecologists, the scientists who want to control this problem. Each of us must do everything possible to keep the land, air and water clean.

There are many places in our planet that need immediate help. For example Lake Baikal and its shores have been declared a specially protected zone of our country. There is a hope that one of the most beautiful and the deepest lakes of the world will never die.


7. Прочитайте текст ещё раз и письменно ответьте на вопрос:

Why is it difficult to breathe in big cities?


Перепишите и переведите предложения. Помните, что перевод сложных форм инфинитива и инфинитивных оборотов соответствует придаточным предложениям.

1. These components can usually be put together to build a computer.

2. We know the programmer to have come.

3. The device is known to be connected with the cables.


Перепишите и переведите предложения. Обратите внимание на перевод зависимого и независимого причастных оборотов.

1. We need the video cardcontaining this information.

2. Nowadays we pay bills prepared by computers.

3. The keyboard being repaired, they continued their work.


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