Task 2. Scan the text and answer the following questions. 1. Why does the author call the concept of security ‘elastic’?



1. Why does the author call the concept of security ‘elastic’?

2. What is collective security based on?

3. Why do challenges to the sovereign-centred collective security arise?

4. Outline the factors that have led to the change of the notion of security after the end of the Cold War.

5. What has ‘human security’ notion added to the traditional notion of security?

6. Why should the territorial context be taken into account regarding an expanded concept of security?

7. What are non-military security threats contributing to instability of contemporary world?

8. Whatlimits the UN collective security system capabilities to respond to new security challenges?

9. Why does there still remain the tendency to seek military solutions to non-military threats?

10. What difficulties does the international community face dealing with old and new security threats?

11.  What unites and differentiates the notions of national and global security?

12. Why does the international community have to contend with the concept of security complex?

13.  What military threats make global collaboration necessary? How will such collaboration help the global community?

LANGUAGE FOCUS

Task 1. Skim the text again and find all possible word combinations with the following words:

security, threat, challenge, state, concerns, military

Task 2. Explain the following in your own words:

1. its (the UN) institutional competence is premised upon the traditional conception of international security

2. transnational terrorist threats

3. to “sound an alarm bell”

4. non-military threats

5. it (climate change) risks militarising a foreign policy problem

6. incapable of meeting the challenges

7. to face difficult challenges

8. to cater for the protection and defence of its citizenry.

9. spillouts resulting from deliberate human activities

10. extra-territorial and non-territorial activities

11. ‘bottom-up’ approach

 

Task 3. Find definitions of the following terms in a monolingual dictionary and translate the terms into Russian:

 Security,collective security system, collective security,national security,international security,human security,global security.

 

Task 4. Match the words from columns A and B to make up collocations. Give their Russian equivalents.

 

A B
1. non-state   2. state 3. territorial 4. inter-state 5. technological 6. forcible 7. military-oriented 8. ethnic 9. sovereign 10. peacekeeping 11. troop   a. conflict b. approach c. deployment d. measures e. actor f. cleansing g. mission h. integrity i. state j. advancement k. sovereignty
1. to pose 2. to protect 3. to undermine 4. to build 5. to escalate into a. trust and confidence b. security c. security threat d. a global problem e. civilians

 

Task 5. Give Russian equivalents of the following word combinations from the text:

the changing perception of security threats - collective security system - external military threats and attacks - national survival - military power - an act of aggression - an act of war - strategic balance of power rivalries - to provide a theoretical foundation - threats of genocide - war crime - crime against humanity - in one’s own right - internal conflict-environmental degradation - military means - armed forces - the capacity to handle on its own - to contend with - non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction - hard-line posture … towards disarmament.

Task 6. Find in the text English equivalents of the following word combinations:

1. неприменение вооруженной силы

2. возложить основную ответственность за

3. поддержание международного мира и безопасности

4. передача суверенными государствами полномочий коллективному органу

5. юридически закрепленный порядок действий по легализации коллективных ответных действий

6. коллективная безопасность, сосредоточенная на защите отдельных государств

7. физическая защита государственной территории

8. вопреки положению об избежании войны

9. понятие «ответственность по защите»

10. морская зона

11. космическое пространство

12. кибер пространство

13. не защищенный /несвободный от

14. международный правовой режим

15. гражданские/невоенные источники нестабильности

16. транснациональная организованная преступность

17. оружие массового уничтожения

18. нормы и правила международного права

19. категорическое расхождение во взглядах

20. искать решение военным путем

21. коллективные механизмы принуждения

22. использовать потенциал безопасности человечества

23. порождать соперничество между странами

24. приобретать ядерное и подобное ему оружие

25. сообщество выиграет от

 


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