Describe the modern IT trends in the professional sphere.

A team of administrators and other technical staffers deploy and manage the company's IT infrastructure and assets. IT teams depend on a wide range of specialized information and technology skills and knowledge to support equipment, applications and activities. Third-party contractors and IT vendor support personnel augment the IT team.

The information technology profession is extremely diverse: IT workers can specialize in fields like software development, application management, hardware -- desktop support, server or storage administrator -- and network architecture. Many businesses seek IT professionals with mixed or overlapping skill sets.

Common IT careers:

Chief information officer: This person is responsible for IT and computer systems that support the enterprise's goals.

Chief technology officer: This person sets all technology goals and policies within an organization.

IT director: This person is responsible for the function of all of the business's technology tools and processes. This role is commonly called IT manager or IT leader.

Systems administrator: This person configures, manages, supports and troubleshoots a multi-user computing environment. Within an enterprise, this role can be segmented by technology, requiring an administrator or team dedicated to server, desktop, network, virtualization or other components.

Application manager: This person's role centers on the provisioning and management of a high-value business application, such as Exchange.

Developer: This person or team writes, updates and tests code for programs to meet business objectives internally or facing customers.

Architect: This person examines and changes IT functions to best support the business

Stands for "Information and Communication Technologies." ICT refers to technologies that provide access to information throughtelecommunications. It is similar toInformation Technology (IT), but focuses primarily on communication technologies. This includes the Internet, wireless networks, cell phones, and other communication mediums.

In the past few decades, information and communication technologies have provided society with a vast array of new communication capabilities. For example, people can communicate in real-time with others in different countries using technologies such as instant messaging, voice over IP (VoIP), and video-conferencing. Social networking websites like Facebook allow users from all over the world to remain in contact and communicate on a regular basis.

15. Modern information and communication technologies have created a "global village," in which people can communicate with others across the world as if they were living next door. For this reason, ICT is often studied in the context of how modern communication technologies affect society.

15.Describe the modern IT trends in the professional sphere

The biggest advantage in using the World Wide Web as a source for research is that it lets us look at specific topics from an interdisciplinary perspective. Due to the large volume of published literature in the library, researchers have had a tendency to stay within their own fields when they search for references. By doing so, they may have been restricting themselves to their own fields and may have had little idea of the kind of studies in other disciplines that may be helpful. This also happens within a single discipline such as Psychology. The developmental psychologists have their own journals while the social psychologists have others, with little chance for the various disciplines to integrate. In looking for information on the Web, searches are often more general in nature, which may bring us information that otherwise may not have caught our attention.

Another advantage in using the Web for academic research is the ability to gain access to the most current information. Since studies can take months (or years) to get published, data can be outdated by the time it reaches the shelves of our libraries. Direct access to current information increases the effectiveness of scientists in their search for information in their areas of interest. This is where the third advantage of using the Web comes in: the Word Wide Web has made it possible for individuals to contact researchers quite easily by using e-mail or campus Web sites. This ease of communication is a tremendous advantage for those of us who are beginning researchers since we are often able to get valuable advice/guidance from the original source of information on the Web. Although we have been and are still somewhat restricted by only having faculty members as our direct source of guidance in our research, this may be slowly changing as we gain the ability to contact many researchers via the Internet.

The internet is an ideal tool for medical literature search, physician education, patient education and telemedicine. Organizations, journals, educational resources, academic departments, patient-oriented, corporate and index sites individual and group practices are some of the categories of websites. Internet based communica-

tions are evolving at a tremendous rate. It is very difficult to determine the size and distribution of medical professionals who have access to internet.

Some of the many commonly used internet modalities are e-mail, World Wide Web, News group, real time chat, File Transfer Protocol, Gopher and remote computing applications such as Telnet. The amount of online information is constantly growing at an exponential rate but users should be aware of the critical need for quality control and validation of internet medical resources. Development in the information communication technology had made the whole world a global village with the collapse of traditional constraints of space and time. The convergence of computer and communication technologies has created a new channel of networking, which has revolutionized the traditional communication process by providing required information links and routes throughout the world.

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