Read the article below and complete it with a word from the task 1 (column B).



GET TO KNOW A TYPICAL COMPUTER

    A computer is an electronic machine that accepts, processes, stores and outputs information. A typical computer consists of two parts: hardware and software. 1_____ is any electronic or mechanical part of the computer system that you can see or touch. 2_____ is a set of instructions, called a program, which tells a computer what to do.

    There are three basic hardware sections.

1. The CPU(central processing unit) is the heart of a computer, a microprocessor 3_____ which processes data and coordinates the activities of all the other units. Its speed is measured in megahertz (MHz) or gigahertz (GHz). The higher the speed of the CPU, the faster the computer will run.

2. The main memory has three sections: RAM (Random Access Memory) stores the data being processed, ROM (Read Only Memory) stores the program instructions the computer needs to start up, and cache memory speeds up the processing. The RAM memory is measured in megabytes (MB).

3. 4_____ are the physical units attached to the computer. They include:

Input devices which let us enter data and commands (e.g. the keyboard and the mouse)

Output devices which let us extract the results of the processing (e.g. the monitor and the printer)

Storage devices are used to store information (e.g. hard disks drive and CD-ROM or DVD drive). Disk drives are used to read and write data on disks. The hard disk stores data and software programs. Its size is measured in gigabytes (GB).

The main parts of a desktop computer are enclosed in a box known as the system unit. It contains an electronic board called motherboard that holds and connects together the main electronic components. The motherboard usually has 5_____ electronic connectors, called expansion slots, into which additional electronic boards (sometimes called expansion cards) can be plugged. This allows extra electronic components to be added. For example, more memory can be added by plugging memory boards into the memory slots. Sound facilities can be added by plugging a sound card into an expansion slot. The system unit usually also contains a small speaker (or loudspeaker), the power supply, and storage devices. Some other devices may be included in the system unit but most input and output devices are plugged into the back of the system unit using connectors known as ports.

Power is a function of both speed and capacity. The power of a computer depends on the combination of all the components. When buying a computer, you can often choose between different components. For example, you can choose between different processor speeds, 6_____ of memory, and hard disk sizes.

 

Find the words or phrases (1–5) in the text above which are explained / defined (a–e)? The first and the last letter are given to help you.

1 a----t a receive sth
2 s---e b collect and keep for future use
3 t---h c be in contact with
4 a----h d fasten or join
5 p—g e make a connection with

Test yourself. Cover the dictionary meanings and look at the words. What are the meanings?

5. Find the following information:

a. The definition of a computer

b. The function of the CPU

c. The function of cache memory

d. How to add more memory to a computer

e. Criteria of the computer’s power

In the text find the names of computer components by their definition.

a. A common cursor control input device used with a graphical user interface.

b. It’s part of the memory store. It has an extremely fast access. It can speed up the computer.

c. These let you add features such as sound or modem to your computer.

d. This kind of memory contains all the instructions your computer needs to activate itself when you switch on. Its contents are retained when you switch off.

e. The main electronic input device that has keys arranged in a layout similar to a typewriter.

HELP box


Grammar focus: Future forms

be going to + infinitive · Use going to NOT will / won`t when you have already decided to do something. · With the verb go you can leave out the infinitive. Im not going (to go) to Yalta.
future plans and intentions
My sister’s going to adopt a child. Are you going to buy a new car? I`m not going to go to Yalta next week.
predictions
I think they’re going to win. (They’re playing  very well.) It’s going to rain. (The sky is very dark.)

 

present continuous: be + verb + -ing · You can usually use present continuous or going to for future plans / arrangements. · going to shows that you have made a decision. We’re going to get married in the summer. · Present continuous emphasizes that you have made the arrangements. We’re getting married on July 4th (e.g. we`ve booked the church).  
future arrangements
We’re getting married in October. They’re meeting at 10:00. She’s leaving on Friday.

 


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