PRESENT SIMPLE, PAST SIMPLE, FUTURE SIMPLE TENSES



PRESENT SIMPLE PAST SIMPLE FUTURE SIMPLE
to study to speak I You study Medicine. We speak English. They He studie s Medicine. She speak s English. It            regular  - to study - studied irregular - to speak - spoke I You We   studied Medicine. They  spoke English. He She It to study to speak will to study will to speak I You We will study Medicine. They will speak English. He She It
I You do not study Medicine. We do not speak English. They
     
 


He doe s not studie s Medicine.

She doe s not speak s English.

It

I You We did not study Medicine. They did not speak English. He She It    I You We will not study Medicine. They will not speak English. He She It
     
 


I

You study Medicine?

Do we speak English?

They

     
 


He study Medicine?

Does she speak English?

It

      

       I      you      we study Medicine? Did     they speak English?      he      she      it  
     
 


I

You

We study Medicine.

Will  they speak English.

He

She

It

В английском языке для построения вопросительного и отрицательного предложений необходимо воспользоваться вспомогательным глаголом .    Каждое из времен имеет свой отдельный вспомогательный глагол, место положения которого строго определено:

- в отрицательном предложении вспомогательный глагол добавляет после себя частицу not и встает непосредственно перед сказуемым

……. do not go ……..

……. does not go ……..

…… did not read ……..                                      П        not Ск…

…… will not make ……..

- в вопросительном предложении вспомогательный глагол всегда стоит на первом месте, если это общий вопрос:

Do you study Medicine?

Does he read books?

Did they listen to the music?                                     П Ск Д Об ?

Will you go to the lecture?

 

-или альтернативный, который предлагает выбор одного из двух возможных вариантов, причем выбор, следующий после союза or (или), может быть предоставлен любому члену предложения.

Do you study Medicine or music?

Will you or we go to the lecture?                                     П or … Д Об ?

 


Но может уступить свое первое место вопросительному слову в специальном вопросе:

Where do you study Medicine?

What does he read?

When did they listen to the music?                       W П Ск Д Об ?

Why will you go to the lecture?

 

- в разделительном вопросе, который уточняет тот или иной факт или обстоятельство и требует краткого ответа, вспомогательный глагол стоит в конце предложения

 

You studied Medicine, did not you?

They read books, do not they?

He will go to the lecture, will not he?

She sings well, does not she?                           П С к Д О б , ( not ) М?


В английском языке будущее действие можно выразить, используя перед глаголом вспомогательный глагол will. Но следует знать, что выражение be going to V является эквивалентном вспомогательного глагола will, и может описывать действия в будущем. Например,

I will become a reliable doctor.      = I am going to become a reliable doctor.

He will live on campus.             = He is going to live on campus.

Many young people will enter universities. = Many young people are going to enter universities.

Will you have much to do tomorrow? = Are you going to have much to do tomorrow?

He will not live on campus.          = He is not going to live on campus

 

Keys

UNIT 1.

Ответы :

Упр .3. [i:] – heal, fear, treat, meat, teach, Zealand, read

  [e] - death, spread, bread, dead, breath, head, feather, read, breakfast

Упр . 4.

b); d); с).

Упр . 5.

won, sometimes, lovely, otherwise, tongue, none, brother, stomach, come, love, wonder, cover, Monday

Упр . 6.

1- is; 2- are; 3- are; 4- are; 5- am; 6- are; 7- am; 8- is; 9- are; 10- is

Упр . 7.

1- was; 2- had; 3- was; 4- were; 5- wasn’t; 6- were

Упр.8

Hippocrates was born in 460 B.C. on the island of Cos. He was the son of a doctor. Hippocrates studied medicine and then he practiced the art of medicine. It is known that he drove out the plague from Athens by lighting fires in the streets of the city.

Hippocrates was an excellent doctor and a teacher of medicine. His medicine had a basis of experience. He taught that every disease was a natural process and it had natural causes.

One of Hippocrates theories was that the body had four fluids: blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile. Only two thousand years later, this theory was proved incorrect. Medicine for Hippocrates was an art, a science and a profession.

Hippocrates is the most famous of all Greek doctors. He is often called “the Father of Medicine” and some his ideas are still important. The Hippocratic Oath is a collection of promises, and its basis is the medical code of honour. This Oath has many of his thoughts and principles. All people connected with medicine will be Hippocrates’s followers.

Упр.9

Good morning and welcome to the Faculty of Medicine. I am the Dean of the Faculty and I have a great pleasure to see so many of you, who will be the Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery. The career as a doctor you will have will be both rewarding and demanding. At the institute, my training also was from exploring the structure of cells to learning about medical codes of conduct.

The word medicine was from Latin – to heal –, which was the core of the medicine. There were not so many branches of medicine at that time, but all had something in common.

The core subjects you will have in your first year are different subjects, and you will have pre-clinical and clinical studies, as other universities have.

The human anatomy is about the structure of the body. It will be helpful to understand physiology – the way the healthy body functions. Pharmacology will be about how drugs interact with living organisms. In biochemistry, you will have analysis of the structure and function of the chemical compounds. Finally, you will learn about specific diseases in pathology, what the causes of those diseases were, and how to cure them. These are the core subjects that you will study, and there will be others.

When a student I had my special interest, and that was human anatomy. At first, there were no two sub-divisions in human anatomy, as we have them nowadays: gross anatomy and microscopic anatomy. In gross anatomy, you have studies of those structures that you can see with the naked eye. In microscopic anatomy, you will have microscopes to study structures at a much more detailed level. As part of this, you will have an introduction to histology and cytology. You will also have an opportunity to gain an introduction to histopathology that is the study of disease in cells. Pharmacology is another area that may be new to you. This is the study of drugs, what they are, how they work and what they do.

Thus, the purpose of today’s lecture is to look at some major landmarks in the development of your studies at the Faculty of Medicine.

Упр . 10.

С ; 2 – a; 3 – c.

Упр . 11.

I am Betty Smith. My full name is Elizabeth Louise Smith. I am twenty-two. I am a college graduate. I am a journalist, just a beginner, you know. I have a lot of friends. Most of them are my former school-mates. My best companions are two girl-friends. Unfortunately, they were not very academic and good at many subjects, but they were very kind and jolly. Now they both work at a local cafe.

My elder sister Helen is married to Henry Sanford, so he is my brother-in-law. He is a member of our family. Soon Henry will be a doctor. Helen was a nurse at a hospital, but in three months she will be a mother, they will have a child. I hope my nephew will not be naughty.

I am really fond of writing and making reports, and I am eager to become a professional specialist in the sphere of journalism. But my mother says I had some talent before, I will have no peace because of my job.

Упр . 12.

F ; 2c; 3g; 4b; 5h; 6a; 7e; 8d

Упр . 14.

1-are; 2- was; 3- are; 4- are; 5- aren’t

Упр .15.

1. were, was; 2. was, were; 3. weren’t, were; 4. were, was; 5. was, wasn’t

Упр . 18.

1. I have a brother, he is responsible for students’ practice. 2. His friends are interested in medicine. 3. Do you know him? 4. Our parents live in Toronto. 5. We love and miss them. 6. The parents have a large house with a garden in Toronto, so we often come to help them. 7. My flat is in London. 8. My mother is a good cook, and I enjoy eating her food. 9. When we are not at home, we often send her e-mails.

Упр . 19.

1.their; 2.her; 3. your; 4.our; 5.their; 6.our; 7.her; 8.my; 9.your; 10.her; 11.their; 12.its; 13.his, his.

Упр . 20.

1.her; 2.them; 3.him; 4.them; 5.it; 6.us; 7.her; 8.them.

Упр . 21.

1. his; 2. our; 3. your; 4. her; 5. my; 6. their.

Упр . 22.

My, she, her, our, her, they, our, our, its, me, your, our.

 

Упр . 23.

1-her; 2- their; 3- my; 4-her; 5- his; 6- our

 

UNIT 2

Ответы

Упр. 24.

  1. My mother is at home.
  2. They have a restaurant in Madrid.
  3. My friend is from France, and he is twenty.
  4. They have two children – a son and a daughter.
  5. Lucy is married and her husband’s name is David.
  6. My parents have two houses- one is in the mountains and the other is in the city.
  7. It is a hard work, but it is interesting.
  8. Tom has a winter sports shop there.
  9. In winter, the days are short, and the nights are long.
  10. We have a large flat in London, but my hometown is Glasgow, and we have a house there.

Упр . 27.

1-an; 2-a; 3-a; 4-an; 5- an; 6- a; 7-a; 8- an; 9- a; 10-

Упр . 28.

1). -, -, -, -; 6). -, the, the;    11). -, a, -;       16). the, -, -, -;

2). -, -;  7). -;           12). a, -, -;       17). the, -, -;

3). -, -;  8). -, -;         13). -, -;         18). -;

4). -, a;  9). the, the;     14). the;        19). a, the, the;

5). the, -; 10). a, -;        15). -, -, -, -;      20). a, a, the, the, the, -.

Упр . 29.

1.- the; 2.- a; 3.- a; 4.- _, the; 5.- an, _; 6.-the; 7.- a, a; 8.- a, a, _, a, the, the; 9.- a, a; 10.- a, a, the, the, a.

Упр . 30

1-the light; 2- a postcard; 3- the name; 4- a big country; 5- the colour of the walls; 6- a headache; 7- an old house near the station; 8- the name of the professor, a lecture; 9- the second; 10- the time; 11- o; 12- the same; 13- in the country; 14- an interesting city.

Упр. 31.

  1. a; the;                           6. a; a.
  2. a; the; 0;                        7. the; the.
  3. the; the; the; 0;             8. the
  4. the; 0. a. a.                    9. a; an; the; the.
  5. a; 0.                               the; a; 0. 0.

Упр . 32.

names, yeas, hair, eyes, friends, senses, passions, food, men, persons/people, days, mothers, towns, offices, subjects, hats, beaches, barbecues, discos, teachers, families, cultures, sheep, farms, parents, languages, sciences, worlds.

Упр . 33. 

Faces, feet, dresses, flies, watches, clocks, women, countries, buses, bushes, parties, ray, thieves, companies, leaves, wolves, glass/glasses, keys, teeth, foxes, children, halves, lives, cities, roof, months, opportunities, mice, journeys, shelves, men.

Упр . 34.

1. Put the boxes on the shelves. 2. I have hurt my feet and hands. 3. These are English dictionaries. 4. Where are the knives? 5. The last leaves fell from the trees. 6. These stories are very long. 7. He left the keys on the table. 8. I like these new plays. 9. The roofs of the houses were covered with snow. 10. The wives of the patients came to the ward. 11. Copies of the experiment reports were sent to the professors.

Упр . 35.

1. A woman and a child came to the new clinic. 2. The key to the door was lost. 3. This wolf was shot. 4. The mouse was caught. 5. This factory produces furniture for hospitals. 6. We will send a copy of this document to the institute. 7. The champion got the prize. 8. The student went to the class.

Упр . 36.

  1. OK; 2. …need new jeans; 3. … with a lot of beautiful trees; 4. … with two men; 5. OK; 6. … three children; 7. … my friends are students; 8. … people; 9. … your trousers; Where did you get them? 10. … full of tourists; 11. OK; 12. These scissors aren’t …

Упр . 37.

1. Was your mother at home yesterday?

2. Are your parents well today?

3. Is your job interesting?

4. Will the shops be open to-morrow?

5. Were you interested in sports at school?

6. Is the post office near here?

7. Were your children at school last Friday?

8. Is that woman in the picture your sister?

Упр. 38.

  1. How are your parents?             4. What is your favourite sport?
  2. Where is the bus stop?             5. Who is the man in this photograph?
  3. How old are your children?          6. Where are you from?

Упр. 39.

  1. What is your name?
  2. Are you married or single?
  3. Are you American?
  4. How old are you?
  5. Are you a doctor?
  6. Where is your friend from?
  7. What is her name?
  8. How old is she?

Упр . 40.

  1. Is Sonia your girlfriend?                6. Is Hans your brother?
  2. Are you Roberto’s father?              7. Are Victoria and your sister friends?
  3. Are you Manuela’s husband?            8. Is Maria your boss?
  4. Are Carlos and Gustav colleagues?        9. Are they Peter’s parents?
  5. Is Mandy Robert’s wife?               10. Is Lidia his professor?

 

 

Упр . 41. ACTIVE VOCABULARY

NOUNS (30) name nature hat passion jazz cork town family Math languages discos sense penfriend height History Chemistry parents surfing world humour music summer subject culture science beach teachers Zealand barbecues eyes           VERBS (7) communicate find call intend comes wear speak                  ADJECTIVES (21) fascinating same black French outside short tall Australian small bored brown typical interested interesting built curly quiet blue new fast dark

 

Упр . 42. Personal Profile

a.

My name is Samantha Mary Dunsford or Sam for short. I am 17 years old, tall and have black hair and brown eyes.

I don’t know if I’m a typical Australian or not. I go surfing but I don’t wear a cork hat.

I’m quiet by nature but my friends say I have a sense of humour. I enjoy going to discos and we have beach barbecues in the summer. I’ve always been interested in music but my passion is jazz.

My family live in a bungalow outside town. My parents are teachers. I have two sisters. The most interesting school subjects for me is History. I can speak French. I am not good at Maths.

I intend to visit the USA as I find its culture fascinating. I’m looking forward to studying at one of the foreign universities.

 

b.

1 – b; 2 – e; 3 – d; 4 – c; 5 – a

 

Упр .43.  

My full name is Samantha Mary Dunsford or best Sam for short. I am 17 years old, quite tall and have straight black hair and dark brown eyes.

I don’t know if I’m a rather typical Australian or not. I go surfing but I don’t usually wear a cork hat.

I’m very quiet by nature but my friends say I have the greatest sense of humour. I enjoy going to large discos and we always have beach barbecues in the summer. I’ve always been interested just in older music but my passion is jazz.

Unfortunately my family live in a bungalow outside town. My parents are teachers. I have two sisters. The most interesting subject for me is History. I can speak French quite well. I am really not good at Maths.

I intend to visit the USA as I find its culture fascinating. I’m looking forward to studying at one of the foreign universities.

 

Упр . 44.

a) interested in    ashamed of      proud of    good at

embarrassed by  keen on         bored with

 

b) for short, by nature, to discos,in summer, outside town, at the university

 

Упр . 45.

hair                       size                    eyes

curly                 stocky              round

wavy             of medium build          brown

black                 short               green

brown                slim                blue

short                well-built             black     

fair 

 

Упр . 46.

       a) My name is Daniel Bradford but I’m sometimes called Dan for short. I am …21… years old, … well-built …. and have ……black, wavy….. hair and …round, green…… eyes.

       I’m …quiet…….. by nature but all my friends say that I have great sense of humour. I enjoy …playing tennis and basketball……… with friends because I like sports. I’ve always been ……interested……….. in sports but my real passion is ……medicine…….. .

       I don’t know whether I’m typical American or not. I like fast food but never say “Hi, man!”, as people think Americans do.

       I intend to go to study to Australia one day. I find ……Australian universities……………… fascinating. I’m looking forward to having new friends there.

       I live with my mother and two brothers in small town. My mother works in office. The most interesting subject for me to study is ……Biology…………….. . I can speak Spanish but ……History…………… is subject I am not very …good……at…………… .

 

b) My name is Daniel Bradford but I’m sometimes called Dan for short. I am …21… years old, … well-built …. and have ……black, wavy….. hair and …round, green…… eyes.

       I’m …quiet…….. by nature but all my friends say that I have a great sense of humour. I enjoy …playing tennis and basketball……… with friends because I like sports. I’ve always been ……interested……….. in sports but my real passion is ……medicine…….. .

       I don’t know whether I’m a typical American or not. I like fast food but never say “Hi, man!”, as people think Americans do.

       I intend to go to study to Australia one day. I find ……Australian universities……………… fascinating. I’m looking forward to having new friends there.

       I live with my mother and two brothers in a small town. My mother works in an office. The most interesting subject for me to study is ……Biology…………….. . I can speak Spanish but ……History…………… is a subject I am not very …good……at…………… .

 

Упр . 47.

enjoy going to discos любить ходить на дискотеки be proud of гордиться
is interested in интересуется be bored with быть утомленным
passion страсть be good at быть способным к
outside a town загородом curly кудрявый
be not good at быть неспособным к stocky приземистый, коренастый, толстый
to intend намериваться wavy
fascinating вызываяющий интерес, замечательный of medium build среднего телосложения
to look forward ждать с нетерпением short невысокого роста
foreign зарубежный\иностранный fair светлый
quite вполне, совсем slim стройный
straight прямой well-built крепкого телосложения
achievments достижения future plans планы на будущее

 

 

UNIT 3.

Упр . 50. a.

Pr. S.- introduce, is, am, say, bring me up, shower, turn to, finish, go off, plunge, are, think, am sure, need to communicate, believe, think, are rather ambitious, helps, have

Pst. S.- entered, hoped to start

F.S.- will be, will depend on, will work, will try to promote, will do my best, will try to become

Упр . 51.

1-will start; 2-read; 3-teaches; 4-costs; 5-will have; 6-spoke; 7-turn to; 8-thought; 9-will promote; 10-believes

Упр . 52.

 1-doesn’t learn; 2-didn’t go; 3-won’t open; 4-didn’t work; 5-didn’t stay; 6-won’t happen; 7-don’t go; 8-don’t use; 9-don’t know; 10-don’t believe; 11-won’t spend.

Упр . 53.

1. Denis arrived early yesterday.

2. Students often read in bed.

3. Margaret will work hard before exams./Margaret works hard before exams.

4. Natasha wore a beautiful dress last Sunday.

5. I will work as a common pediatrician in 2 months.

6. Parents showered me with love in childhood.

7. Music helps people in making friends.

8. We communicated with colleagues abroad last year.

Упр . 54.

2. Where do your parents live?            5. What will depend on my abilities in future?

3. Will students get up early tomorrow?    6. Did you do your best to help him 2 days ago?

4. How often do you turn for advice?  7. Will she communicate with her friends in 10 years?

5. Did your friend enter university last year? 8. Does your brother finish homework quickly?

Упр . 55.

1- do; 2- did; 3- do; 4- did; 5- does.

Упр . 56.

My name is Kate. I am a student and I study at a prestigious medical academy and as most students I live on campus. My classes start sometimes rather early in the morning and finish late in the afternoon. So, frankly speaking, I feel quite tired when I have much to do. But I am eager to become a reliable doctor and know that my success depends on my efforts and abilities.

As a doctor I will have many children patients and their parents will turn to me for all kinds of help. I’m keen on Medicine so I will never give up it.

Упр . 63 .

1. on; 2. with, O; 3. as quickly as, off, O; 4. In, of, as; 5. of, of, with; 6. of; 7. to, from, at; 8. of, O, of,


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