Exercise 77. Answer the following questions to make up a story about your studies at the University



1. When did you finish a secondary school? 2. Were you eager to enter this Medical University? 3. Why were you eager to enter this University? 4. What documents did you bring to the University before entering it?5. Did you take your entrance exams? 6. What subjects does your first-year curriculum include? 7. How many hours a day do you work at your English and other subjects? 8. Do you carry on any research work? 9. Why don’t you carry on any research work? 10. What scientific society do you belong to? 11. What do you do at the lectures? 12. Why do you take notes of the lectures? 13. What do you usually do after classes? 14. Where and when do you have dinner? 15. Where do you live? 16. When will you graduate from the University? 17. What subjects do you pay great attention to? 18. Do you pay attention to your English studies? Why? 19. Do all the students of your group cope with the tasks in all subjects? Why not? 20. Is education free of charge for all students in your group?

Exercise 69.

1. the; 2--; 3. the, the; 4. -, the, -; 5. -, -, -; -; 6. -, the, -; 7. an, the, -; 8. the

Exercise 70.

A. of, from, of, of, in, on, on,; of; against.

B. 1. On, in; 2. of, by, of. 3. of, in, to; 4. of, to, on; 5. in, of; 6. with; 7. of; 8. in, on, of; 9. to; 10. of, in, of, to, of;

Exercise 70.

1.of, at, with; 2. at; 3. to, of; 4. during, of; 5. for, with;

 

Exercise 76.

1. My friend will soon graduate from the Medical University and will become a common pediatrician.

2. An English professor delivered a lecture in Histology last Tuesday.

3. He is going to attend post-graduate courses because he is eager to become a doctor.

 

 

GRAMMAR REFERENCE

UNIT 1.

Глаголы to be, to have

Используйте формы глагола to be: am, is, are после подлежащего (в случае отсутствия глагола в

русском предложении) следующим образом

Present Simple Past Simple Future Simple
to-day, every day, always, usually, sometimes, often yesterday, last week/year/month, ago to-morrow, in, next week/month/year, soon
I am have He is      has She  is has   We are have You are have They are have I was     had He was    had  She was         had    We were         had  You were         had  They were        had I shall be / have He will be / have She will be / have   We shall be / have You will be / have They will be / have

для того, чтобы говорить о

О людях

I am Nina.                      I am not Nina.                Am I Nina?

You are friends.                You are not  friends.            Are you friends?

She is 18.                      She is not 18.                 Is she 18?

This is Kate.                    This is not Kate.               Is this Kate?

I was her friend.              I was not her friend             Was I her friend?

She was 18.                 She was not 18.                Was she 18?

You were friends.            You were not friends              Were you friends?

I will be Sedova.             I will not be Sedova.             Will I be Sedova?

You will be friends.          You will not be friends.             Will you be friends?

She will be 18.               She will not be 18.              Will she be 18?

 

О местоположении                             3. О странах и городах

They are at the institute                                  I am from Manchester.

A cash machine is not in the bank.                    Hong Kong is in China.

Is my brother at home?                            They are from Ireland.

The medical students are in the hospital.

 

О профессиях                                  5.О времени

You are students.                                   It is 2.30.

I am an English teacher.                              Today is Tuesday.

She is a doctor.                                       It is autumn.

 

О предметах                                   7. О состоянии и признаках

This is our classroom.                            The book is new.

That is an English textbook.               The sky is blue.

These are computers.                              I am fine.

           

Глагол   to have

I have a mobile         I have no mobile            Have I a mobile?

We have a mobile   We have no mobile.          Have we a mobile?

You have a mobile.      You have no mobile.         Have you a mobile?

She has a mobile.       She has no mobile.          Has she a mobile?

He has a mobile.        He has no mobile.           Has he a mobile?

I had a mobile.         I had no mobile.            Had I a mobile?

You had a mobile.    You had no mobile.            Had you a mobile?

She had a mobile.    She had no mobile.            Had she a mobile?

I will have a mobile.  I will have no mobile.      Will I have a mobile?

You will have a mobile. You will have no mobile    Will you have a mobile?

She will have a mobile. She will have no mobile.    Will she have a mobile?

Местоимения в английском языке

личные местоимения личные местоимения в Объектном падеже притяжательные местоимения
КТО? КОГО? КОМУ? ЧЕЙ?
I      Я he            он she          она it   оно (он, она) we               мы you           вы they они me   меня, мне  him  его, ему her   её, ей it     его, ему, её, ей us      нас, нам you     вас, вам them    их, им my        мой his        его her        её    its     его, её   our        наш your    ваш their     их  

UNIT 2

Порядок слов в английском утвердительном предложении

(ПСДО)

1 2 3 4
Подлежащее Сказуемое Дополнение косвенное прямое                косвенное с без                                               предлогом предлога Обстоятельство
We have                    a flat in Moscow.
Biology was                    my favourite                     subject at school.
The professor is the best specialist in this sphere.
The students of our group were good                                                  at Anatomy and                                                  Histology last year.
My friend will have                    a stipend                     next month

 

В английском языке используется строго фиксированный порядок слов, т.е. каждый член предложения имеет свое определенное место, изменение которого влечет за собой изменение смысла всего предложения. Подлежащее в утвердительном предложении всегда стоит перед сказуемым, а непосредственно после сказуемого всегда стоит дополнение. Например, предложения:

У студентов практические занятия по понедельникам в лаборатории и Практические занятия у студентов по понедельникам в лаборатории– имеют одинаковый смысл. В английском языке мы не можем так просто менять слова местами без ущерба для смысла. Например, если в предложении Students have pr actical le ssons in the laboratory on Mondays (Студенты имеют практические занятия в лаборатории по понедельникам) мы поменяем местами подлежащее и дополнение Practical lessons have students in the laboratory on Mondays , то получим предложение, не имеющее смысла Практические занятия имеют студентов в лаборатории по понедельникам. Вот почему на первом месте (т.е. перед сказуемым) в английском утвердительном предложении должно всегда стоять подлежащее – активный деятель предложения, выраженное существительным или личным местоимением в именительном падеже.

 

Артикли в английском языке

Перед каждым нарицательным существительным должен стоять артикль.


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