Упражнение 14. Choose the correct word to complete each sentence.



1. you interested in medicine? (Is / Are)………………………………………………………………………………………………………..    

2. I very academic. (’m not / isn’t)…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

3. How old Jamie and Jasmin? (is / are)………………………………………………………………………………………………………..     

4. Her children called Gabriela and Martin. (is / are)…………………………………………………………………………………….

5. They at work today. It’s a public holiday. (aren’t / isn’t)…………………………………………………………………………..                                                                   

                                                                                                       Упражнение 15 . Circle was , wasn’t , were or weren’t to complete the conversations.

1. Where …. you born? (was, wasn’t, were, weren’t )    

- I .... born in Madrid, in Spain.(was, wasn’t, were , weren’t )

 

2. What …. the score in the match against United last week?(was, wasn’t, were, weren’t)

- 5–0 to United! We ... terrible. (was, wasn’t, were , weren’t )

 

3. Why ... they at school yesterday? (was, wasn’t, were, weren’t )            

- Because they ….... both ill. (was, wasn’t, were, weren’t )

4. …... Alice and Nicole on holiday last week? (was, wasn’t, were, weren’t )

- Yes, but the weather ….... terrible. (was, wasn’t, were , weren’t )

 

5. How …..... the film? Did you enjoy it? (was, wasn’t, were,weren’t )       

- No, not really. It …........ very interesting. (was, wasn’t, were, weren’t )

 

Согласные звуки в английском языке

1. В английском языке нельзя оглушать согласные в конце слов, поскольку это влияет на изменение значения слов.

Упражнение 16. Прочтите следующие слова, обращая внимание на звонкие и глухие согласные в конце слова. Переведите слова.

 [d]     [t]    [g]   [k]     [v]                            [f]        [z] [s]

had hat   bag  back                       leave leaf   as ass

                                                                       

2. В английском языке буква с имеет четыре способа чтения

 

С = [s] перед e, i, y center, city, cycle, medicine, circle

С = [ ʃ ] перед i в безударном положении special, efficient, official, sociable, especially

Ck = [k] всегда black, neck, clock, nock, block

С = [ k ] во всех остальных случаях

 

3. В английском языке буква g имеет три способа чтения

g = [ ʤ ] перед e, i, y gentleman, gypsy, general, margin, gymnasium

g = [g] a) во всех остальных случаях go, smug, graduate, global, big

   b) в словах-исключениях give , get , girl , begin

4. Буквосочетание ch имеет два способа чтения

с h = [ ʧ ] в словах английского происхождения chest , chin , rich , chain

с h = [k] в словах греческого происхождения mechanical, chemistry, school, characteristic

 

sh = [ ʃ ] всегда shell, short, English, shoe, share

th = [р] в служебных словах и между гласными this , these , they , that , within

   [ θ ] в остальных случаях

 

Упражнение 17. a) Прочтите следующие слова, соблюдая правила чтения.

 

gently, lace, large, introduce, cabbage, circle, garbage, register, ligament, comfort, special, bicycle, cartilage, pediatrician, cycle, give, ancient, tongue, agent, race, get, juicy, organic, angry, begin, Cyprus, peace, manage, register, fascinating

B ) Прочтите и переведите следующие слова.

A) musician, organic, history, physiology, histology, thin, physics, third, biology, therapy, topographic anatomy;

B) shame, splash, special, ancient, species, short, share, dishes, shin, chin, chain, chapter, cheap, chilly, charity, choke.

Упражнение 18. Подчеркните правильную форму местоимения.

1. I have a brother, his/ him/he is responsible for students’ practice. 2. Him/his/he friends are interested in medicine. 3. Do you/your know his/ him/he? 4. We/our/us parents live in Toronto. 5. We/our/us love and miss they/their/them. 6. The parents have a large house with a garden in Toronto, so we often come to help them/their. 7. My/me flat is in London. 8. Me/my mother is a good cook, and I enjoy eating her/she food. 9. When we are not at home, we often send she/her e-mails.

Упражнение 19. Закончите следующие предложения, используя притяжательные местоимения.

1. They live with ……… parents. 2. Julia lives with ……. parents. 3. Do you live with ……. parents? 4. We live with ……. son. 5. Mr and Mrs Baker live in London, and ……. lives in Australia. 6. We’re going to invite all …….. friends to the party we are having tonight. 7. Ann is going out with ……. friends this evening. 8. I like tennis, and it is ……. favourite sport. 9. “Is that ……. car, Tony?” 10. I want to phone Ann, but I don’t know ……. phone number. 11. Do you think most students are happy at ……. Institutes? 12. This is a beautiful tree, and ……. leaves are of a beautiful colour. 13. John has a brother and a sister. ……. brother is 25 and ……. Is 21.

Упражнение 20. Закончите следующие предложения, используя местоимения в объектном падеже.

1. Where is Ann? Have you seen …….? 2. Where are my keys? Where did I put …….? 3. This letter is for Bill. Can you give it to …….? 4. We write to John every week, but he doesn’t answer ……. . 5. I have taken your pen. Can I use …….? 6. We’re going to the cinema. Why don’t you come with …….? 7. Did your sister pass …… exams last week? 8. Some students visit different clubs. Do you join ……. ?

Упражнение 21. Переведите притяжательные местоимения, данные в скобках, на английский язык и прочтите эти предложения.

1. (Его) laptop is new. 2. (Наша) family is large. 3. (Ваши) fiends are in the cinema now. 4. (Её) library has many interesting books. 5. (Моя) sister is a doctor. 6. (Их) project is the best at the Institute.

Упражнение 22. Заполните пропуски нужной формой личных и притяжательных местоимений.

1. (my, her) I live with a friend. ……. friend is a musician. (I, she) ……. has many colleagues. (her, his, our, their) ……. colleagues often come to ……. place. (my, his, they, we, her, our) ……. brother has many friends too, and ……. often come to ……. house either. 2. (my, our) ……. house is big. (his, its) ……. rooms are large. ( him, us; your, our; his our) “Tell ……. about ……. parents,” said ……. teacher.

Упр. 23. Заполните пропуски нужной формой притяжательных местоимений.

1.Mandy is eleven today. It’s ….. birthday. 2. Ann and Cheryl are fourteen today. It’s …… birthday. 3. I’m thirteen today. It’s …. Birthday. 4. Rebecca is twelve today. It’s ….. birthday. 5. Ben is sixteen today. It’s ….. birthday. 6. Jane and I are eleven today. It’s ….. birthday.

 

UNIT 2 People Around You

 

GRAMMAR

Упражнение 24. Поставьте слова в правильном порядке, чтобы получить утвердительные предложения, соблюдая порядок слов в повествовательном предложении.

  1. at home, my, is, mother. _______________________________________________
  2. have, in, a restaurant, they, Madrid. ______________________________________
  3. France, from, my friend, is, and, twenty, is, he.______________________________
  4. have, children, two, they, a son, a daughter, and.____________________________
  5. and, married, Lucy, her, is, husband’s, is, name, David.________________________
  6. houses, my, have, two, parents, is, one, the mountains, is, and, is, the other, in the city.

____________________________________________________________________

  1. hard, it, work, is, but, is, interesting, it._____________________________________
  2. winter, there, shop, has, Tom, sports.______________________________________
  3. in, the days, long, are, in winter, short, are nights, short.

_____________________________________________________________________

  1. London, we, in, a flat, large, have, but, my, is, hometown, Glasgow, and, have, we, there, a house.

________________________________________________________________________________

 

READING

 


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