Сочетания английских гласных и согласных



 

ph [f] telephone, phrase, photo, physician

wh [w] when, which, what, why, who

gh не читаются после ударной гласной light, fight, high, though, weight

 

- tion [ʃn] education, function, sensation, perception, explanation

 

   [ʃn] после согласных - commission, session, version,   

- sion

 


   [ȝn] после гласных – occasion, revision, invasion, decision, confusion

 

 

- ture [ʧ] future, picture, nature, fracture, structure, signature, mixture, lecture

 

[ʃә] после согласных - assure, pressure, insure

 

- sure

 


[ȝә] после гласных – measure, leisure, pleasure,

 

qu [kw] square, quite, question, quarter, quantity, quality, technique, sequence

 

Упражнение 25. Прочтите следующие слова, соблюдая правила чтения.

 

Exclusion, champion, solution, fracture, weigh, pressure, yellowish, high, pleasure, infection, illusion, chemically, fortune, tension, eighty, quality, insurance, version, phenomenon, lecturer, mixture, session, conclusion, through, quantity, occasion, physiology, invasion, machine, ancient, species, vision, delight.

 

Упражнение 26.  Прочтите следующий текс m , соблюдая правила чтения.

 

On how many occasions you have told me that television was an intrusion into privacy of the house. It is a destruction of the pleasure of conversation. Now people no longer know how to make use of their leisure.

 

GRAMMAR

 

Упражнение 27. Поставьте перед существительными артикль а или an :

1 …… apple      2 ….. book   3 …… satellite     4 …… egg   5 …. orange

6 ….. boy    7 …. Hamburger 8 ….. institute     9 ….. house 10 …. holiday

Упражнение 28. Заполните пропуски артиклями там, где необходимо.

1. On … Saturday my … friends and I play … golf if we have some … time. 2. What … colour is your … hat? 3. There are some … flowers in our … room. 4. I have two … brothers and … sister. 5. That is … man whose … computer was stolen last week. 6. My … brother often plays … piano in ... evening. 7. I do not know what … music you enjoy listening to. 8. He has no … coffee in his … cup. 9. I go to … Institute in … morning. 10. I have ... comfortable armchair in my … room. 11. When my … grandfather was … young man he studied … physics. 12. Oleg has … lot of … interesting books at … home. 13. What … foreign languages does your … professor speak? 14. I like to go to … theatre but I am very busy. 15. I have … books, … exercise books and … pens in my … bag. 16. … students of our … group play … football on … Sundays. 17. Let’s go to … shop. I must buy … bread and … milk. 18. Whose … pen is this? 19. It was … hot day. … sun was shining in … blue sky. 20. … young man and … girl met in … classroom. … young man saw that … girl was pretty and wanted to know her … name.

Упражнение 29. Заполните пропуски артиклями “a” или “ the ”, где необходимо.

1. We enjoyed our holiday. … hotel was very nice. 2. ‘Can I ask … question?’ ‘Of course. What do you want to ask?’ 3. You look very tired. You need … holiday. 4. ‘Where is … Tom?’ ‘He is in … bathroom.’ 5. Jane is … interesting person. You must meet … her. 6. Excuse me, can you tell me how to get to … city centre? 7. ‘Shall we go for … meal this evening?’ ‘ Yes, that’s … good idea.’ 8. Elena is … student. She wants to be … journalist. She lives with … two brothers in … flat near … college where she is studying. … flat is small but she likes it. 9. It’s … nice morning. Let’s go for … walk. 10. Peter and Mary have got two children, … boy and … girl. … boy is seven … years old and his … sister is three. Petr works, but Mary hasn’t got … job at the moment.

 


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