EX. 2Write down and translate the marked words











There are some 8 million young people in Great Britain nowadays. These young people will represent Britain in the 21st century that’s why almost every aspect of Government domestic policy, including education, housing, health, social security, law and order, environmental planning and national heritage, affects the well-being of young people.

Home and play

Home is the central focus of most young people’s lives, particularly those who are still attending school. In the younger age group from 10 to 16 children are strongly influenced by their friends, reasonably influenced by parents, partially influenced by teachers and altogether – by youth culture outside the home.In the 10 to 15 year-old age group, young people rely on the home environment as a place of safety and security and upon their parents as the main providers of money, food and all the necessary amenities of life. In the 16 to 19 year-old bracket, the family home also remains a strong base, even though at this age they spend increasing time staying away at their friends’ homes or going on holidays with friends rather than with family. Only a small percentage of young people in this age group live away from home. They are usually “boarders” in the independent schools (who are away from home during school terms).When they are not at school, some of them tend to spend their time organising or participating in leisure pursuit, including horse-riding, rock-climbing, cycling, canoeing, sailing or skiing.Parents do not always give their children a set amount of pocket money each week. Parents may provide their children with a weekly total to cover their travel by bus or train to school, to pay for their school dinner, adding money on top for this for weekend and leisure expenses.In order to earn their own supplementary money, young people wash cars or windows, do “paper rounds” (delivering the early morning newspapers before school) or mow lawns. For those aged 14 years and above, baby-sitting in the neighbourhood is the most popular means of earning money. At 15 years old and above, young people often find themselves “Saturday jobs” working as assistants in shops.

* Britain has 12 million people under the age of 16 – around 20% of the population.

* If you ask teenagers what they do on a day they enjoy, most say “going to the cinema”, followed by “seeing friends”. If you ask what they do on a day they don’t enjoy, watching TV is the top answer, 11-16-year-old actually watch 11 hours of TV a week!

* Internet fans might think British teenagers spend all their time online, but surprisingly under 10% of 15-16-year-olds have the Internet at home (just 1 in 13). However, this number is increasing all the time.

* 11-16-year-olds spend about £12 a week. Girls tend to spend £2 a week more than boys.

* In the past, pocket money was usually spent on sweets, but now teens are spending most of their money on mobile phone cards.

* If children are spending so much, that means some of them are working. It’s illegal to work if you are under 13, but it is quite common for 15-16-year-olds to have some kind of job. 2 million schoolchildren with part-time jobs are earning an average of £14 a week.

* The most common part-time job is babysitting, followed by newspaper rounds.

* 25% of under-19s are living with just one parent.

* About 100,000 young people run away from home every year, with up to 350 of them sleeping on the streets of London each night.



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