D. Complete the text with Past tenses.



I ____ (buy) (1) a new alarm clock the other day in Taylor’s the jewelers, when I ____ (see) (2) an elderly woman shoplifting. I _____ (just/finish) (3) paying for my clock and as I turned round, she ____ (slowly/put) (4) a silver plate into her bag. When she _____ (think) (5) that nobody _____ (look) (6), she dropped an expensive-looking watch into the bag. Before I had a chance to tell the staff in the shop, she ____ (notice) (7) that I _____ (watch) (8) her and _____ (hurry) (9) out. Unfortunately for her, two police officers _____ (walk) (10) past just and she ran straight into them.

E. Choose the correct words in italics.

Steve Fossett (1) was always looking/had always looked for adventure, even as a boy in the 1950s. After some years in business he (2) began/was beginning his well-known adventures, from swimming the English Channel to sailing round the world. But Fossett is best known for his adventures in the air in hot air balloons, gliders and light aircraft. In 2005 he (3) broke/was breaking the record for non-stop flying when he (4) had flown/flew round the world in 67 hours without stopping for fuel. A year later, as he (5) attempted/was attempting to break the record for the longest flight, he had to stop because part of his engine (6) was failing/had failed – but he (7) was breaking/broke the record anyway. Fossett’s adventures often (8) were putting/put him in danger – in 1998, while he (9) travelled/was travelling around the world in a balloon, he almost died (10) while/when the balloon fell from the sky. In the end, it was a routine flight that (11) took /was taking his life – he (12) had flown/was flying a small plane across the Nevada Desert in September 2007 when he (13) disappeared /was disappearing. No one could find him. Then, some months later, a hiker (14) walked/was walking through the mountains in southern California when he (15) noticed /was noticing some personal items which (16) belonged/were belonging to the adventurer, and soon afterwards a search party (17) found /was finding the wreckage of the plane. Some time later, Fossett’s body was found. His adventures (18) was/were over.


F. Complete the text with verbs in Past Simple or Past Perfect:

Leyton stared at the expanse of the Atlantic Ocean in front of him. He (1) ____ (finally/come) to the end of his journey. Several months ago he (2) _____ (not/know) whether the journey would really be possible. After all, he (3) _____ (recover) from his illness only weeks before he (4) _____ (make) the decision – well, it was because of the illness that he (5) ______ (decide) to do this, to prove it was possible. Then, after a few weeks of planning and worrying, he (6) _____ (set out), starting from the northernmost point of the country and walking, on his own, to the southernmost point. And here he was, at the end of his journey – he (7) _____ (achieve) his aim. And he (8) _____ (realize) now that it was the most exciting thing he (9) _____ (ever/do) – and probably ever would do – in his life.

G. Choose the correct words in italics:

a) Her mother had/had had a beautiful voice, both when she sang/had sung and when she talked/had talked.

b) The girls were still there, standing where he saw/had seen them earlier.

c) Liesel’s treat was a ride on a car. She was never/had never been in one before.

d) The man was very pleasant, reminding him that they met/had met at Adam’s wedding.

e) As Joe walked away, he felt/had felt that he said/had said goodbye to his youth.

f) She stepped out of the bath, reached/had reached for the towel the maid left/had left for her and wrapped/had wrapped it around her.

CONCLUSION

This is a book devoted to the conversational and grammar practice of first-year students of Saint-Petersburg Institute of Cinema and Television, combining effective up-to-date exercises with intelligible, easy-to-understand explanation of grammar aspects (Present, Continuous, Perfect and Future). This is a book which places students’ needs and interests first and foremost and uses popular actual texts like «Before They Were Stars», «Why Learn English with Movies and Films?», «On Advertising in Movies» «Filmmaking Business In the Making» adapted from modern Internet sources and literature. For everyone who opens its carefully arranged pages it will offer a close acquaintance with the most popular and influential medium of culture.

Detailed study of its tasks will enable students with practical skills of everyday communication. In its section aimed at developing public speaking skills it deals with such burning contemporary topics as: Should an all-expense paid gap year become obligatory for Russian school leavers? (Unit 2) Do you agree that great talkers are little doers? (Unit 4) Will people live without money in the future? (Unit 6). The book helps to transform students into sophisticated urban individuals, able to get themselves across in any situation.

The book is well-designed and expertly illustrated by a group of talented lecturers of Saint-Petersburg Institute of Cinema and Television S. Pankratova and K. Vyalyak. This book is well-structured – it is divided into six thematic parts – personality, travel, work, language, advertising, business and six sup-parts dealing with actual grammar aspects, followed by a conclusion, summarizing main achievements, keys to exercises and a bibliography. Exercises develop lexical awareness, practice collocations, question formation, synonymic choice, word-formation and many aspects of grammar. Authors hope that learners of English will become more competent and knowledgeable in the field of cinematograph with the help of this interesting edition.

KEYS TO EXERCISES

PART I

UNIT 1. READING

Task F.

1.d, 2.c, 3.b, 4.e, 5.a, 6.g, 7.f, 8.i, 9.h, 10.j 

Task G.

a) legend, b) indulgent, c) cynical, d) ferocious, e) receptive, f) tough, g) innovative, h) gentle, i) passionately, j) carefully

Task H.

1) on, 2) to, 3) in, 4) for, 5) about / for, 6) to, 7) among, 8) to, 9) at, 10) for

Task I.

1. get through to smb.; 2. get on well with smb.; 3. feel uneasy about smb.; 4. be fed up with smb.; 5. be fascinated by smb.; 6. be very fond of smb.; 7. feel indifferent to smb.; 8. have great respect for smb; 9. have a lot in common with smb.; 10. have love-hate relationship with smb.

Task K.

a) dream, b) fun, c) ideas, d) doing, e) unique, f) forever, g) books, h) dare, i) grow, j) learn

UNIT 1. GRAMMAR

Task A.

1) dream, 2) has, 3) don’t understand, 4) are falling, 5) am planning, 6) wants, 7) find, 8) are looking, 9) are not growing, 10) feel.

Task D.

 (1) feel, (2) have, (3) don’t, (4) enjoy, (5) Is, (6) cheer, (7) is going, (8) appear, (9) visit, (10) am seeing, (11) leave, (12) doesn’t like, (13) are always arguing, (like) (14)

Task E.

1) never forgets, 2) isn’t working, 3) smell, 4) am finding, 5) are going up, 6) do you believe, 7) is feeling, 8) meet, 9) don’t understand

Task F.

(1) am watching, (2) are you doing, (3) am phoning, (4) are you cooking, (5) am working, (6) am not cooking, (7) am finding, (8) are always complaining, (9) am not spending, (10) am planning, (11) are always saying

UNIT 2. READING

Task F.

a) travel, b) trip, c) journey, d) travel, e) journey, f) trip, g) journey, h) travel, i) travel, j) trip

Task G.

verb noun (person) noun (thing, concept) adjective
1 entertain entertainer entertainment entertaining
2 expect --- expectation expecting
3 forget --- forgetfulness forgetful
4 mean --- meaning meaningful
5 offer --- offer offering
6 reduce --- reduction reducing
7 reflect --- reflection reflective
8 survive survivor survivor surviving
9 translate translator translation translating
10 vary --- variation various

Task H.

1) entertaining, 2) expectation, 3) forgetful, 4) meaning, 5) offer, 6) reduction, 7) reflection, 8) surviving, 9) translates, 10) variation

Task I.

1) diary/dairy, 2) desert/dessert, 3) immigrants/emigrant, 4) literal/literate, 5) personnel/personal, 6) sensitive/sensible, 7) shadow/shade, 8) surgeon/sergeant, 9) vacation/vocation, 10) wandered/wonder

    Task M.

all, found, sky, speak, wrong, found

UNIT 2. GRAMMAR

Task A.

1) hasn’t snowed, 2) have given up, 3) got up, 4) worked, 5) have done, 6) laid, 3) worked, 4) didn’t pass, didn’t study, 5) haven’t read, 6) wrote

    Task D.

(1) haven’t done, (2) have already chosen, (3) haven’t you, (4) haven’t seen, (5) Have you been, (6) haven’t been, (7) ’ve never bought, (8) have just sent, (9) Have you ever tried, (10) don’t really know, (11) ’ve never bought

Task E.

1. have you known Caroline; 2. I’ve known her; 3. since March; 4. ten lessons so far; 5. I failed it twice before; 6. I’ve had proper lessons; 7. for several days

    Task F.

(1) has just announced, (2) made, (3) have not been able, (4) have been, (5) have overcome, (6) recharges, (7) has not given, (8) have already tested, (9) first designed, (10) have adapted, (11) invited, (12) were 

    Task G.

(1) have just fallen, (2) have you done, (3) has been, (4) has given, (5) happened, (6) has decided, (7) have got, (8) told, (9) was, (10) have used

UNIT 3. READING

Task F.

1. d, 2. c, 3. e, 4. a, 5. b, 6. g, 7. f, 8. j, 9. h, 10. i

    Task G.

a) firefighter, b) lifeguard, c) janitor, d) delivery boy, e) bouncer, f) fitness instructor, g) hotel receptionist, h) gas station attendant, i) rent collector, j) flight attendant

    Task H.

sell badly, pretend not to notice, hire by telephone, develop slowly, find fault with, test on animals, work hard, be famous as smb., be immune to smth., get on one’s nerves

    Task I.

1) selling, 2) pretended to be, 3) hired on, 4) developed, 5) finding, 6) tested, 7) works on, 8) be famous, 9) immune to, 10) get the meaning

    Task J.

man – human being, mankind – human race, spaceman – astronaut, chairman – chairperson, waiter/waitress – waitperson, barman – bartender, fireman – firefighter, stewardess – flight attendant, policeman – police officer, girl/boyfriend – partner

    Task K.

1) gender unknown / masculine; 2) feminine / gender unknown; 3) gender unknown / masculine; 4) masculine / gender unknown; 5) masculine / gender unknown

    Task O.

blood, strong; Chorus: debt, store; mine, soul; Chorus: died, will; name, line;

a blue-collar job

UNIT 3. GRAMMAR

    Task A.

1) haven’t smoked, 2) has been blowing, 3) has been accumulating, 4) have been swimming, 5) have known, 6) have been trying, 7) have been stopping, 8) has won, 9) has spent, 10) has just gone

Task D.

a) have been, have you been, b) has been watching, has he been doing, c) hasn’t been working, d) have not been feeling well, e) have you been studying, f) have you been using

    Task E.

(1) ’ve been learning, (2) ’ve really been enjoying, (3)’ve been having, (4) ’ve had, (5) ’ve been going, (6) ’ve already spent, (7) took, (8) ’ve been trying, (9) ’ve been suffering, (10) ’ve been taking, (11) ’ve never driven

    Task F.

(1) have you been working, (2) ’ve been doing, (3) ’ve been trying, (4) haven’t seen, (5) ’ve just got, (6) has been living, (7) ’ve looked, (8) haven’t found, (9) have you tried, (10) ’ve already looked, (11) ’ve been waiting, (12) ’ve heard

    Task G.

1) has always lived, 2) ’ve called, 3) ’ve been waiting, 4) ’s been living, 5) ’ve been decorating, 6) j’s just turned, 7) l’s been studying, 8) ’ve known, 9) j’ve marked, 10) haven’t tried, 11) ’ve never liked

 

UNIT 4. READING

Task F.

1. b, 2. d, 3. a, 4. e, 5. c, 6. h, 7. f, 8. g, 9. j, 10. i

Task G.

1) fluently, 2) native, 3) silly, 4) authentic, 5) hilarious, 6) mental, 7) complicated, 8) sad, 9) valuable, 10) literally

Task H.

«Hope to see you at the party later. Jo. Lots of kisses.» 

«Had a great time. Thanks for your present. See you tomorrow.»

«In the beginning God created heavens and the Earth.»

«Text you later» a poem by Aislinn O’Loughlin:

“The great thing about text messaging conversations

Is that you can use these abbreviations.

You stop spelling words the way they ought to

And drop some vowels too, if that makes the word shorter.

But what if you’re so busy being so clever

You forget how to spell normal words altogether?

Because with all that letters and strife we’re losing

Don’t you think reading this poem was confusing?”

Task J.

 (1) being interrupted, (2) hinted, (3) debating, (4) express, (5) announced, (6) confess, (7) phrasing, (8) recite, (9) preach, (10) comments, (11) lecture, (12) dictate, (13) chatting, (14) gossiping, (15) message, (16) declare, (17) claim, (18) refer, (19) quote, (20) suspect, (21) mention, (22) recount, (23) tell, (24) dry up, (25) blurt out, (26) arguing, (27) contradicting, (28) rambling, (29) sticking, (30) spit, (31) explanation, (32) illustration, (33) account, (34) descriptions, (35) recommendations

UNIT 4. GRAMMAR

Task A.

1) am meeting, 2) ’ll show, 3) is, 4) am leaving, 5) don’t eat, 6) will go, 7) will burn, 8) will return, 9) are going to, starts, 10) ’ll have

Task D.

 (1) ’m, (2) ’ll go, (3) ’m taking, (4) ’re going to see, (5) ’ll come

Task E.

(1) are you leaving, (2) ’re getting,(3) Are you staying, (4) are flying, (5) ’re staying, (6) won’t, (7) ’re, (8) ’re having, (9) see, (10) ’re going to, (11) going to get, (12) probably, (13) Shall, (14) ’ll get

Task F.

1) book, provide, 2) take, will add, 3) sounds, leave, 4) eat, ’ll give, 5) require, can, 6) require, can, 7) check out, don’t forget

Task G.

(1) gets,(2) will steal, (3) don’t, (4) might, (5) might confuse, (6) allow, (7) will be able to, (8) don’t have, (9) buy, (10) doesn’t, (11) won’t, (12) tell, (13) is, (14) might not

Task H.

a) come, b) see, won’t, c) will you be, am, d) is, e) will wait, are, f) will be, gets

UNIT 5. READING

    Task F.

1. c, 2. d, 3. a, 4. e, 5. b, 6. j, 7. f, 8. g, 9. h, 10. i

Task G.

a) frank, b) props, c) insufferable, d) commercial, e) revenue, f) pervasive, g) smorgasbord, h) stirring, i) woven, j) signature

    Task H.

1) marketing, 2) advertising, 3) advertising, 4) advertise, 5) marketing, 6) advertising, 7) advertising, 8) marketed, 9) advertising, 10) advertised

UNIT 5. GRAMMAR

Task A.

1) spoke, could get, 2) would get on, didn’t live with, 3) wouldn’t, paid, 4) would, met, 5) would not, loved, 6) would look, painted, 7) would be, wore, 8) had no, would travel, 9) would, were, 10) stopped, would feel

    Task D.

a) move, would go, b) was, would, c) wouldn’t, were, d) were no, wouldn’t, e) wouldn’t, was, f) asked, would, g) could, would

    Task E.

(1) took, could, (2) wouldn’t, didn’t, (3) would, were, (4) wouldn’t, treat, (5) were, wouldn’t, (6) would, spoke, might, (7) speak, will be able

    Task F.

1) had applied, might’ve got, 2) hadn’t spent, could’ve afforded, 3) had noticed, wouldn’t have got, 4) hadn’t broken, could’ve become, 5) hadn’t eaten, wouldn’t have been

    Task G.

(1) hadn’t been rude, (2) wouldn’t have fired, (3) wouldn’t have got, (4) hadn’t bought, (5) hadn’t been, (6) wouldn’t have taken, (7) hadn’t gone, (8) wouldn’t have recognized, (9) had admitted, (10) might not have called, (11) had asked, (12) wouldn’t have happened

    Task H.

a) hadn’t left, b) would you do, c) had cancelled, d) wouldn’t have bought, e) wouldn’t have married, f) hadn’t got married, couldn’t enjoy

 

UNIT 6. READING

Task F.

1. e, 2. c, 3. d, 4. b, 5. a, 6. g, 7. i, 8. f, 9. j, 10. h

Task G.

a) government funding, b) fall into, c) dolly grip, d) cinematographer, e) to track down, f) tax advantages, g) crowd funding, h) target audience, i) envision, j) subscribers

    Task H.

1. g.   2. e. 3. b. 4. f. 5. c. 6. d. 7. h. 8. a. 9. i. 10. k.

UNIT 6. GRAMMAR

Task A.

1) was getting, went, 2) arrived, had broken, 3) took, had finished, 4) got, had sent, had never replied, 5) started, was checking, 6) came, was showing, 7) realized, had met, 8) reported, had found, 9) guessed, cheated (had cheated is OK too), 10) went, was feeling

    Task D.

(1) was buying, (2) saw, (3) had just finished, (4) was slowly putting, (5) thought, (6) was looking, (7) noticed, (8) was watching, (9) hurried, (10) were walking

    Task E.

(1) was always looking, (2) began, (3) broke, (4) flew, (5) was attempting, (6) had failed, (7) broke, (8) put, (9) was travelling, (10) when, (11) took, (12) was flying, (13) disappeared, (14) was walking, (15) noticed, (16) belonged, (17) found, (18) were

    Task F.

(1) had finally come, (2) didn’t know, (3) had recovered, (4) made, (5) had decided, (6) had set out, (7) had achieved, (8) realized, (9) had ever done

    Task G.

a) had had, sang, talked, b) had seen, c) had never been, d) had met, e) felt, had said, f) reached, had left, wrapped

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

1 Bangs David H. Practical Marketing. A Step-by-Step Guide to Effective planning. Hampshire 2007. – 56 р.

2 Collins Cobild English Grammar. Harper publishers. Fulham, London 1990. – 486 p.

3 Cutting Edge Intermediate. Cunningham S., Moor P. Pearson Education Limited. Edinburgh Gate, Harlow, Essex, England, 2005. – 175 p.

4 Eckler A.Ross, Names and games. Onomastics and recreational language. An anthology of 99 articles. London, 1986. 

5 Goddard A. The language of advertising. London, New York, 2002.

6 Heineman ELT English. Macmillan Heinemann English Language Teaching. Oxford, Macmillan Publishers Limited, 20011. – 266p.

7 Heilman R.M. Creativity and the brain. – New York and Hove, Psychology press, 2005. – 203 p.

8 Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Pearson Education limited. – Harlow, England, 2001.

9 Longman Essential Activator. Addison Wesley Longman Limited, Hadley, Essex. 1997. – 997 p.

10 Macmillan English Dictionary for advanced learners. Oxford, 2007. – 1748 p.

11 Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of current English by A.S. Hornby. Oxford university press, 2010. – 1780 p.

12 Webster’s Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English language. Portland house, New York, 1989. – 2078p.

13 Weisberg R.W. Creativity. Beyond the myth of genius. – New York, W.H. Freeman and Company, 1993. – 307 p.

14 http://www.bukisa.com/articles/220918_before-they-were-stars

15 http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/uk-now/read-uk/gap-year

16 http://www.fluentu.com/english/blog/learn-english-movies-films-modern-american-classics/

17 http://www.mygrammarlab.org/

18 http://www.learnenglish.de/jokes/joke54.html

19 http://healthresearchfunding.org/walt-disney-personality-traits/

 

 


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