SEMASIOLOGY. THE PROBLEM OF WORD MEANING.



Кременецький обласний гуманітарно-педагогічний

інститут імені Тараса Шевченка

кафедра іноземної філології

ЛЕКСИКОЛОГІЯ

ПЛАНИ ЛЕКЦІЙ

 

для спеціальності 6.010100 Педагогіка і методика середньої освіти. Мова та література. Англійська мова.

 

                                                           ВИКЛАДАЧ: канд.філол.н

                                                                                Воронцова Н.Г.

 

Кременець, 2009

 

I SEMESTER

LECTURE 1 (4 hours)

Introduction to the course of English Lexicology

Objectives:

· to introduce the students into the problems of modern English lexicology;

· to acquaint the students with main notions of the lexical system of the language;

· to inform them on the methods and approaches to the study of the English vocabulary;

· to give the analysis of the semantic system in manifold hierarchy of interrelations of its elements.

PLAN

1. English Lexicology as a part of science of the word. Types of Lexicology.The main lexical problems.

2. Connection of lexicology with other brunches of linguistics (grammar, phonology, stylistics).

3. Methods and approaches to the study of the language.

4.  The notion of the semantic systems of the language.

 

Recommended literature:

  1. Aнтрушина Г.Б., Афанасьєва О.В., Морозова Н.Н. Лексикология английского языка.: Учеб. пособие для студентов – Москва. „Дрофа” – 2000. – 288 с.
  2. Kveselevich D.I., Sasina V.P. Modern English Lexicology in Practice. – Nova Knyha Publishers. – Вінниця – 2003. – 128 с.
  3. Arnold I. The English Word. – M. – L., «Просвещение», 1977.
  4. Раевская Н.М. English Lexicology. Видавництво „Вища школа” – Київ, 1971.

 

LECTURE 2

General characteristics of the word in ME

Objectives:

· to acquaint the students with main problems on the theory of the word;

· to inform them on problem of word motivation;

· to give the analysis of different approaches to the study of the word meaning.

PLAN

1. Word as the basic unit of the vocabulary, its definition in ML. Main features of the word. General problems of the theory of the word.

2. The problem of word motivation.

3. The problem of word meaning. The referential approach to the study of the word meaning.

4. The functional approach to the study of word meaning.

 

 

Recommended literature:

  1. Aнтрушина Г.Б., Афанасьєва О.В., Морозова Н.Н. Лексикология английского языка.: Учеб. пособие для студентов – Москва. „Дрофа” – 2000. – 288 с.
  2. Kveselevich D.I., Sasina V.P. Modern English Lexicology in Practice. – Nova Knyha Publishers. – Вінниця – 2003. – 128 с.
  3. Arnold I. The English Word. – M. – L., «Просвещение», 1977.
  4. Раевская Н.М. English Lexicology. Видавництво „Вища школа” – Київ, 1971.

 

LECTURE 3

The Etymological Background of the English Wordstock.

Objectives:

· to acquaint students with main etymological problems;

· to inform them on main peculiarities of loans;

· to give the analysis of different kinds of assimilation of borrowings

                                   PLAN

1. Basic etymological terms in English lexicology.

2. The words of native origin in English vocabulary.

3. The role of loan words in the formation and development of the English vocabulary.

4. Classification of loans.

 

 

Recommended literature:

  1. Aнтрушина Г.Б., Афанасьєва О.В., Морозова Н.Н. Лексикология английского языка.: Учеб. пособие для студентов – Москва. „Дрофа” – 2000. – 288 с.
  2. Kveselevich D.I., Sasina V.P. Modern English Lexicology in Practice. – Nova Knyha Publishers. – Вінниця – 2003. – 128 с.
  3. Arnold I. The English Word. – M. – L., «Просвещение», 1977.
  4. Раевская Н.М. English Lexicology. Видавництво „Вища школа” – Київ, 1971.

 

LECTURE 5

The Morphemic Structure of English Word.

Word-building in ME.

Objectives:

· to acquaint students with main characteristics of the word morphemic structure;

· to inform them on main peculiarities morpheme as the smallest unit of meaning;

· to give the analysis of different kinds of word-building processes;

· to inform them on the problem of productive and non-productive ways of word-building

                       

                                   PLAN

1. Morpheme as the smallest meaningful unit of the word. Types of morphemes.

2. The morphemic structure of English word.

3. Word formation processes in Modern English.

           3.1. Productive ways of word-building.

            3.2. Non-productive ways of word-building.

 

 

Recommended literature:

1. Aнтрушина Г.Б., Афанасьєва О.В., Морозова Н.Н. Лексикология английского языка.: Учеб. пособие для студентов – Москва. „Дрофа” – 2000. – 288 с.

2. Kveselevich D.I., Sasina V.P. Modern English Lexicology in Practice. – Nova Knyha Publishers. – Вінниця – 2003. – 128 с.

3. Arnold I. The English Word. – M. – L., «Просвещение», 1977.

4. Раевская Н.М. English Lexicology. Видавництво „Вища школа” – Київ, 1971.

 

 

Lecture 6

SEMASIOLOGY. THE PROBLEM OF WORD MEANING.

Objectives:

· to acquaint students with main problems of English semasiology;

· to inform them on the problem of word-meaning structure;

· to give the analysis of tipes of word-meaning;

· to acquaint them with the notion of lexical and grammatical valency

PLAN

1. Problems of word meaning. Two approaches to the meaning of the word. Meaning and context.

      1.1. Word meaning structure

      1.2. Types of word meaning.

2. Semantic structure of English words.

3. Lexical and grammatical valency in ME

p.203-206

 

 

Recommended literature:

1. Aнтрушина Г.Б., Афанасьєва О.В., Морозова Н.Н. Лексикология английского языка.: Учеб. пособие для студентов – Москва. „Дрофа” – 2000. – 288 с.

2. Kveselevich D.I., Sasina V.P. Modern English Lexicology in Practice. – Nova Knyha Publishers. – Вінниця – 2003. – 128 с.

3. Arnold I. The English Word. – M. – L., «Просвещение», 1977.

4. Раевская Н.М. English Lexicology. Видавництво „Вища школа” – Київ, 1971.

 

 

  

 

LECTURE 7

 SEMANTIC PROCESSES IN ME

 

Objectives:

· to acquaint students with the process of semantic derivation;

· to inform them on main peculiarities change of word meaning;

· to give the analysis of different kinds of semantic derivation processes;

· to inform them on the fundamental features of figures of speech

 

 

PLAN

 

1. Causes of development of new meaning. The process of development of new meaning (change of word meaning). Types of changing meanings.

1.1. Narrowing (specialization)

1.2. Extension (generalization)

1.3.Transference

1.4. Degradation and Elevation

2. Figures of speech

Recommended literature:

1. Aнтрушина Г.Б., Афанасьєва О.В., Морозова Н.Н. Лексикология английского языка.: Учеб. пособие для студентов – Москва. „Дрофа” – 2000. – 288 с.

2. Kveselevich D.I., Sasina V.P. Modern English Lexicology in Practice. – Nova Knyha Publishers. – Вінниця – 2003. – 128 с.

3. Arnold I. The English Word. – M. – L., «Просвещение», 1977.

4. Раевская Н.М. English Lexicology. Видавництво „Вища школа” – Київ, 1971.

 

 

         LECTURE 8

POLYCEMY. SEMANTIC CLASSIFICATION OF ENGLISH VOCABULARY

Objectives:

· to acquaint students with the notion of lexical polysemy and homonymy;

· to inform them on main sources of homonymy in English;

· to acquaint with the notion of the semantic structure of polysemantic word

· to give the classification of homonyms

 

 

PLAN

1. Polysemy in ME.

2. Homonymy in ME.

2.1. Sources of Homonymy.

2.2. Classification of homonyms

 

Recommended literature:

1. Aнтрушина Г.Б., Афанасьєва О.В., Морозова Н.Н. Лексикология английского языка.: Учеб. пособие для студентов – Москва. „Дрофа” – 2000. – 288 с.

2. Kveselevich D.I., Sasina V.P. Modern English Lexicology in Practice. – Nova Knyha Publishers. – Вінниця – 2003. – 128 с.

3. Arnold I. The English Word. – M. – L., «Просвещение», 1977.

4. Раевская Н.М. English Lexicology. Видавництво „Вища школа” – Київ, 1971.

 

 

LECTURE 9SEMANTIC CLASSIFICATION OF ENGLISH VOCABULARY SYNONYMS and ANTONYMS in ME

Objectives:

· to acquaint students with semantic nature of English synonyms;

· to inform them on main peculiarities synonymic group and synonymic dominant;

· to give the classification of synonyms

· to acquaint students with semantic nature of English antonyms

· to introduse the notion of euphemisms as a specific type of synonyms

 

 

PLAN

 

1. Synonyms in ME. Criteria of synonymity, origin of synonyms.

2. Synonymic group and synonymic dominant.

3. Classification of synonyms.

4. Euphemisms as a specific type of synonyms.

5. Antonyms and their classification.

 

Recommended literature:

1. Aнтрушина Г.Б., Афанасьєва О.В., Морозова Н.Н. Лексикология английского языка.: Учеб. пособие для студентов – Москва. „Дрофа” – 2000. – 288 с.

2. Kveselevich D.I., Sasina V.P. Modern English Lexicology in Practice. – Nova Knyha Publishers. – Вінниця – 2003. – 128 с.

3. Arnold I. The English Word. – M. – L., «Просвещение», 1977.

4. Раевская Н.М. English Lexicology. Видавництво „Вища школа” – Київ, 1971.

 

Lecture 12 ENGLISH PHRASEOLOGY

Objectives:

· to acquaint students with stylistic aspects of English phraseological units;

· to inform them on main peculiarities of proverbs and sayings of phraseological units;

· to acquaint students with  synonymous phraseological units.

PLAN1. Stylistic aspects of Phraseology.2. Proverbs and sayings as specific type of PhU3. Synonymous phraseological units.

 

 

Recommended literature:

1. Aнтрушина Г.Б., Афанасьєва О.В., Морозова Н.Н. Лексикология английского языка.: Учеб. пособие для студентов – Москва. „Дрофа” – 2000. – 288 с.

2. Kveselevich D.I., Sasina V.P. Modern English Lexicology in Practice. – Nova Knyha Publishers. – Вінниця – 2003. – 128 с.

3. Arnold I. The English Word. – M. – L., «Просвещение», 1977.

4. Раевская Н.М. English Lexicology. Видавництво „Вища школа” – Київ, 1971.

 

Recommended literature:

1. Aнтрушина Г.Б., Афанасьєва О.В., Морозова Н.Н. Лексикология английского языка.: Учеб. пособие для студентов – Москва. „Дрофа” – 2000. – 288 с.

2. Kveselevich D.I., Sasina V.P. Modern English Lexicology in Practice. – Nova Knyha Publishers. – Вінниця – 2003. – 128 с.

3. Arnold I. The English Word. – M. – L., «Просвещение», 1977.

4. Раевская Н.М. English Lexicology. Видавництво „Вища школа” – Київ, 1971.

 

II SEMESTERLecture 10-11 (4 hours) ENGLISH PHRASEOLOGY

Objectives:

· to acquaint students with semantic nature of English phraseological units;

· to inform them on main ways of forming the phraseological units;

· to acquaint students with theory of phraseological stability;

· to introduse the notions of syntactical and morphological divisibility of set expressions

PLAN1. General characteristics of phraseological units in English. 2. Ways of forming PhU.3. Theory of phraseological stability.4. Syntactical and morphological divisibility of set expressions.

 

 

Recommended literature:

1. Aнтрушина Г.Б., Афанасьєва О.В., Морозова Н.Н. Лексикология английского языка.: Учеб. пособие для студентов – Москва. „Дрофа” – 2000. – 288 с.

2. Kveselevich D.I., Sasina V.P. Modern English Lexicology in Practice. – Nova Knyha Publishers. – Вінниця – 2003. – 128 с.

3. Arnold I. The English Word. – M. – L., «Просвещение», 1977.

4. Раевская Н.М. English Lexicology. Видавництво „Вища школа” – Київ, 1971.

 

 

 


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