The places of interest are Livadia Palace, Mount Mithridat, Scythe's Treasure, Swallow's Nest, Tauric Chersonesos ,Vorontsov's Palace (Alupka) and others.



3.Copy the questions on the text “Crimea”, answer them.

Перепишите вопросы по тексту “Crimea”, ответьте на них.

 

1.What is the state of Crimea?

2.What is the capital and administrative seat of the republic's government?

3.Name the major cities of Crimea. What are they famous for?

4.Why is the southern Crimean coast popular among tourists?

5.What are the most famous places of interest on the peninsula?


Вариант 6

1.Transfer the sentences from active voice into passive voice. Write down pairs of sentences in active and passive voices and their translations.

Переведите предложения из активного залога в пассивный залог. Запишите пары предложений в активном и пассивном залогах и их перевод.

e.g.: When we got to the stadium we found that they had cancelled the game (Active Voice).

 When we got to the stadium we found that the game had been cancelled (Passive Voice).

Когда мы попали на стадион, мы обнаружили, что они отменили игру – активный залог.

Когда мы попали на стадион, мы обнаружили, что игру отменили – пассивный залог.

1. He pointed out the mistake to me.

2. The police is looking for the thief.

3. The boss offered a good job to me.

4. They will discover a new branch of science.

5. Tom made a hard work.

2.Read the text “London”,  translate the paragraphs 5, 6, 7  into Russian.

Прочтите текст“ London”  и переведите на русский язык абзацы 5, 6, 7.

 

London

1.London was founded in the first century AD by the Romans. By the 8th century London was a busy trading centre, and in the 11th century it became the capital of England. Edward the Confessor built a palace and an abbey at Westminster.

2.Medieval London grew in importance as a trading centre and in 1215 its citizens won the right to elect their own leader, or Lord of Mayor. The Great Fire of 1666 destroyed three-quarters of the city. The rebuilding of London followed the medieval street plan, but the old wooden houses were replaced by buildings of brick to reduce the future fire risk.

3.During the 19th century London spread rapidly into the suburbs. Britain was then at the height of her Imperial Powers and this is expressed in such buildings as the Houses of Parliament and St. Pancras Station.

4.Large areas of London were destroyed by bombs during World War II and the rebuilding that followed was of mixed quality.

5.Today in its full extent greater London covers 625 square miles and consists of 33 separate boroughs, including the City, the West End, the East End and houses 7 million people.

6. About half a million people work in the City, but less than 6000 live there. It is the financial centre of the UK with many banks, offices and the Stock Exchange.

7.All the historical places and famous parks are in the West End. The West End, spreading from the political centre at Westminster includes the shopping area of Knightsbridge, Oxford Street, Piccadilly Circus and the fashionable Covent Garden: it hosts museums and galleries, among them are the Tate Gallery, the National Gallery, the National Portrait Gallery and the British Museum. In the West End there are Houses of Parliament, Westminster Abbey, Buckingham Palace. The best known streets are: Whitehall with important Government offices, Downing Street, the residence of the Prime Minister and Fleet Street which stands for the press. The name `West End' is associated with wealth, luxury and goods of high quality. The port of London is in the east End.

3.Copy the questions on the text “London”, answer them.

Перепишите вопросы по тексту “London”, ответьте на них.

1.When was London founded?

2.What event changed the face of London in 1666?

3.What is the business centre of London?

4.Where are all the historical places and famous parks of London located?

5.What part of London is the port situated in?


Вариант 7

1.Transfer the sentences from active voice into passive voice. Write down pairs of sentences in active and passive voices and their translations.

Переведите предложения из активного залога в пассивный залог. Запишите пары предложений в активном и пассивном залогах и их перевод.

e.g.: When we got to the stadium we found that they had cancelled the game (Active Voice).

 When we got to the stadium we found that the game had been cancelled (Passive Voice).

Когда мы попали на стадион, мы обнаружили, что они отменили игру – активный залог.

Когда мы попали на стадион, мы обнаружили, что игру отменили – пассивный залог.

1.They are building a new ring road round the city.

2.Somebody is using the computer at the moment.

3. Somebody recorded our conversation.

4.They have built a new hospital near the airport.

5.Somebody has cleaned the room.

2.Read the text “Crimea”, translate the paragraphs 1, 3, 5 into Russian.

Прочтите текст“Crimea”, переведите на русский язык абзацы 1, 3, 5.

 

Crimea

1.Crimea is a parliamentary republic, within Russia, which is governed by the Constitution of Crimea in accordance with the laws of Russia. The capital and administrative seat of the republic's government is the city of Simferopol, located in the center of the peninsula. Crimea's area is 26,200 square kilometers.

2.According to the Ukraininan 2001 census its population was 2,033,700 people, 58.5% of the population were Russians, 24.4% were Ukrainians, Crimean Tatars  made up 12.1%. Belarusians, Tatars, Armenians, Jews and other nationalities live here. Russian, Ukrainian and Tatar are the state languages.

3.Crimea is a peninsula located on the northern coast of the Black Sea and on the western coast of the Sea of Azov, bordering Kherson Oblast from the north. The peninsula consists of many other smaller peninsulas such as Arabat Spit, Kerch peninsula, Herakles peninsula, Tarhan Qut peninsula and many others. Crimea's total land area is 26,100 km2. It is connected to the mainland by the narrow Isthmus of Perekop. Kerch Peninsula in the east is directly opposite the Taman Peninsula. The Strait of Kerch connects the waters of the Black Sea with the Sea of Azov between the Kerch and Taman peninsulas. There are two rural communities of Henichesk Region, Shchaslyvtseve and Strilkove on the smaller peninsula Arabat Spit. The city of Sevastopol has a special legal status within Russia.

4.The major cities are Simferopol (the capital), Sevastopol (a Hero City, a Black Sea Fleet base, is administratively separate), Kerch (a Hero City, an important industrial, transport and tourist centre), Yevpatoria (a major port, a rail hub, and a resort city), Feodosiya (a port and a resort city), Dzhankoy (an important railroad connection), Bakhchisaray (a historical capital of the Crimean Khanate), Krasnoperekopsk and Armyansk (industrial cities), Alushta (a resort city).

5.Geographically, the peninsula is generally divided into three zones: steppes, mountains and southern coast. The comparatively small territory of the Crimean Peninsula has diverse relief, landscape and natural conditions. The greater part of the peninsula is a plain, mountains make up only 5 % of its territory. The Crimean mountains stretch in a curved arc from Sevastopol to Feodosia over a distance of 150 km. They don’t let bitter steppe winds into the southern coast. The highest peak of the Crimean mountains Roman Kosh is 1545 metres high. Numerous kurgans, or burial mounds of the ancient Scythians are scattered across the Crimean steppes. There are several bays and harbors on the Crimean coastline (the Bay of Karkinit, the Bay of Kalamita, the ports of Yevpatoria and Sevastopol, the Bay of Arabat and others). The saline Lake Syvash is the natural border between Crimean peninsula and Ukrainian mainland.

6.Most of Crimea has a temperate continental climate, only on the southern coast it is subtropical due to warm influences from the Black Sea. Summers can be hot (28 C/82.4 F Jul average) and winters are cool (−0.3 C/31.5°F Jan average). Because of its climate, the southern Crimean coast is a popular beach and sun resort for Ukrainian and Russian tourists.

7.The territory of Crimea was conquered and controlled many times throughout its history. The Cimmerians, Greeks,Scythians, Goths, Khazars, the state of Kievan Rus', Byzantine Greeks, Ottoman Turks, Golden Horde Tatars and the Mongols controlled Crimea in its earlier history. During the Second War II Crimea was the scene of some of the bloodiest battles. The Axis forces tried to advance through the narrow Perekop Isthmus linking Crimea to the Soviet mainland. The peninsula was freed from the Nazi invadors in 1944.

8.The main branches of the Crimean economy are tourism and agriculture. Industrial plants are situated for the most part in the northern regions of the republic. Important industrial cities include Dzhankoy, housing a major railway connection, Krasnoperekopsk and Armyansk. The most important industries in Crimea include food production, chemicals, mechanical engineering, metal working, fuel production. The main branches of vegetation production include cereals, vegetable-growing, gardening, and wine-making, particularly in Yalta and Massandra regions. Other agricultural forms include cattle breeding, poultry keeping, and sheep breeding.

9.Crimea possesses significant historical and natural resources. According to National Geographic, Crimea is among the top 20 travel destinations in 2013.


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