Unleashing the Power of Creativity



Прочитайте вопросы 1 – 6. Установите, в каких текстах A – G можно найти ответы на эти вопросы. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждый текст только один раз. В задании один текст лишний.

In which place сan visitors

1. buy souvenirs? 4. see a very old building?
2. lie in the sun? 5. eat Irish food?
3. do water sports? 6. see a friendly sea animal?

 

-A- From Dalkey, a pretty village in beautiful surroundings, one can take a trip on a boat out to Dalkey Island, where climbing the ruined watch tower will provide stunning views of Killiney Bay. The coastal waters are perfect for swimming, and there is a long, clean white sandy beach called Killiney Bay which is great for sunbathing.   -B- Brayis 20 km from Dublin city and used to be a holiday resort for people from Dublin and Britain. It’s popular for its mile long sea walk, but its best days have passed. A few kilometres south of Bray will bring you into some of the nicest countryside in Ireland, including the impressive Powerscourt Waterfall.
-C- The attractive Gaelic speakingAran Islands are a perfect place for a few days holiday. This is the original donkey-and-cart landscape, so beloved of the postcard industry. The famous woolen white Aran sweaters come from here. The largest of the three islands, Inishmore, boasts one of the only buildings in Western Europe, which dates from 500 BC.   -D- Dingle Peninsula is a Gaelic speaking area known for the beauty of the Atlantic landscape. The most famous resident is not human at all, but a dolphin called Fungi. The dolphin has lived in Dingle harbour for the past seven years, offering friendship to all who swim near him, particularly children.
-E- Kilkenny is a large busy market town and the most attractive in the midlands. It is much loved by tourists. The narrow winding streets with small shops give an old-world atmosphere to the place. The Kilkenny Shop is one of many which has a wide range of goods that tourists usually buy: Irish-made clothes and crafts.   -F- Enniskerry is a pretty little village and only a bus ride fromDublin. It offers access to the Wicklow Mountains where you'll find good home-cooked food in Poppies, a famous restaurant. Smoked salmon, Irish farmhouse cheeses, handmade chocolates are always served here.
-G- Cork is Ireland's largest county. It is best loved for the coastal fishing villages which come alive in the summer months. One of them is Cobh which was the main emigration port during the Great Famine of the 1840s. Plenty of sailing, windsurfing and boat trips are available around the harbour. Another is set in a thickly wooded valley. It is commemorated in poems for richness of the vegetation, influenced by the warm Gulf Stream current.    

 

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Прочитайте вопросы 1 – 6. Установите, в каких текстах A – G можно найти ответы на эти вопросы. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждый текст только один раз. В задании один текст лишний.

Which place

1. is rich in building material? 4. is a birthplace of a famous poet?
2. was a publishing centre? 5. was described in many books?
3. was an important medical centre? 6. is a centre of making medical tools?

 

-A- Rochesterwas originally called the "Flour city" because of its milling industries. Rochester also became known as the "Flower City" because of its rich gardening areas. It has the nation's largest film and camera plant and leads in the manufacture of surgical instruments, needed for rare operations, optical and dental goods.   -B- Herkimer was settled in1725. It has had a long history. It began as a dairying centre producing butter and cheese, then during the early 1800s it became a centre of state politics and meetings. In 1865 Warner Miller improved the process of making paper from wood and they began to print newspapers and books there. Theodore Dreiser wrote his novel AnAmerican Tragedy carefully studying what took place in the town.
-C- Cooperstownwas founded in 1786 by Judge William Cooper, father of James Fenimore Cooper, who wrote The Last of the Mohicans and other works. Otsego Lake in a beautiful setting of hills and forests is the setting for many Cooper's novels. Many of the town's buildings and homes have been carefully kept so that they look as in Cooper's time.   -D- Saranac Lake was first settled in 1819. Because of good climatic conditions it very soon became an important treatment centre for people who were ill with tuberculosis, an infectious disease during the late 1800s and early 1900s. Many treatment centres from those days still stand along Saranac Lakes streets. Now it's a popular vacation place.
-E- Potsdamwas settled in 1803 by Benjamin Raymond, a land agent for the Clarkson family. The family ran a variety of businesses. They founded the Thomas Clarkson College of Technology, built a schoolhouse, which became part of the state university system in 1949. Sandstone dug in the area has been used for structures in New York City and other cities of the USA.   -F- Huntingtonhas seen several historic events. The famous American poet Walt Whitman was born here. The farmhouse where he was born is furnished in period, with a library and changing exhibits. The British hanged Nathan Hale, an American, here as a spy in 1776. The memorial Monument marks the spot where he was captured.
-G- Panama Rocksconsist of an erupted Paleozoic ocean floor made of ocean quartz. The rocks are huge and some are more than 60 feet high. Geologic features include small caves, hundreds of passageways and thousands of cracks.    

 

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Unleashing the Power of Creativity

I have always been an optimist and I suppose that is rooted in my belief that the power of creativity and intelligence can make the world a better place. And the life did not disappoint me – many times it proved me right.
For as long as I can remember, I have loved learning new things and solving problems. So when I sat down at a computer for the first time in the seventh grade, I was hooked. It was a clunky old Teletype machine and it could barely do anything compared to the computers we have today. But it changed my life.
When my friend Paul Allen and I started Microsoft 30 years ago, we had a vision of "a computer on every desk and in every home," which probably sounded a little too optimistic at a time when most computers were the size of refrigerators and cost as much as a new modern Japanese car. But we believed that personal computers would change the world. And they have.
And now, after 30 years, I am still as inspired by computers as I was back in the seventh grade.
I believe that computers are the most incredible tool we can use to feed our curiosity and inventiveness – to help us solve problems that even the smartest people could not solve on their own.
Computers have transformed how we learn, giving kids everywhere a window into all of the world's knowledge. And the only thing these youngsters should do is make the right choice, which is not always an easy choice. Computers are helping us build communities around the things we care about and to stay close to the people who are important to us, no matter where they live -- next door or on the other side of the world.
Like my friend Warren Buffett, I feel particularly lucky to do something every day that I love doing. He calls it "tap-dancing to work." My job at Microsoft is as challenging as ever, but what makes me "tap-dance to work" is when we show people something new, like a computer that can recognize your handwriting or your speech, or gestures, or one that can store a lifetime's worth of photos or home videos and they say, "I didn't know you could do that with a PC!"
But for all the cool things that a person can do with a PC, there are lots of other ways we can put our creativity and intelligence to work to improve our world. There are still far too many people in the world whose most basic needs go unmet. Every year, for example, millions of people die from diseases that are easy to prevent or treat in the developed world.
I believe that my own good fortune brings with it a responsibility to give back to the world. My wife, Melinda, and I have committed ourselves to improving health and education in a way that can help as many people as possible.
As a father, I believe that the death of a child in Africa is no less bitter or tragic than the death of a child anywhere else. And that it does not take much to make an immense difference in these children's lives.
I am still very much an optimist, and I believe that progress on even the world's toughest problems is possible – and it is happening every day. We are seeing new drugs for deadly diseases, new diagnostic tools, and new attention paid to the health problems in the developing world.
I am excited by the possibilities I see for medicine. And I believe that through our natural inventiveness, creativity and willingness to solve tough problems, we are going to see some amazing achievements in this area in my lifetime.


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