Activity 14. Create a survey of students’ favorite devices/gadgets. Make a graph illustrating the results

Activity 15. Discuss: Today young people are very eager to get the latest models of different gadgets. What do you think their reasons are? What are the dis/advantages of getting ahead with the most up-to-date technology?


1 What is the logical relationship between the concepts “gadget – smartphone”: a) cause and effect b) general and specific c) method and purpose d) part and whole
2 One of the individual dots that make up a graphical image is known as (a) ___ . a) resolution b) retina display c) brightness d) pixel
3 A device used for displaying an image on a screen, as from a transparent slide or film is known as a ___. a) hologram b) projector c) webcam d) monitor
4 All of these mean “a mechanism or a piece of equipment designed to perform a number of functions” EXCEPT FOR;. a) charger b) gizmo c) device d) gadget
5 All of these are output devices EXCEPT FOR: a) speaker b) headset c) microphone d) Braille embosser
6 All of these gadgets have rear cameras EXCEPT FOR: a) MP3, b) smartphone c) I-pad d) tablet
7 All of these collocate with the adjective “digital” EXCEPT FOR: a) divide b) time c) age d) certificate
8 All of these collocate with the adjective “optical” EXCEPT FOR: a) cable b) media c) disk d) pixel
9 What is the logical relationship between the concepts “show – conceal”: a) cause and effect b) general and specific c) contrast d) method and purpose
10 What is the logical relationship between the concepts “webcam – input”: a) cause and effect b) general and specific c) contrast d) method and purpose
11 Cartographic data consist of ___ maps, that is, maps converted to numerical form. a) digital b) digit c) digitized d) digitally
12 Once again, many thanks for your ____ in this matter. a) assistant b) assistance c) assistive d) assist
13 All of these are wearable devices EXCEPT FOR: a) camera b) Google glasses c) digital helmet d) Braille embosser
14 A person who is obsessed with his electronic gadgets is called a gadget ____. a) freak b) monitor c) gizmo d) fatigue
15 The part of a radio, CD player, etc. which the sound comes out of is known as a ___. a) speaker b) headset c) lens d) video card
16 Hackers can manipulate bank accounts ___ a keystrokea) with b) at c) in d) by
17 The bank imposed a penalty ___ the manager for data diddling. a) on b) for c) to d) with
18 Mark the odd word: a) upgrade b) improve c) optimize d) promote
19 To get regular updates one has to subscribe ___ this publication. a) to b) for c) – d) in
20 My visually impaired junior assistant helped the group get started on the ____ alphabet. a) Braille b) Brailled c) Brailling d) Brailles

Module 4. HARDWARE

Term Definition Usage
1 Battery (n) a hardware component that supplies power to a device, enabling it to work without a power cord ~ case/life/level/capacity/pack; portable/external ~ pack; be powered by/run on/use/put/work on ~; syn. power unit, power supply
2 Board (n) a piece of fiberglass or other material upon which an array of computer chips is mounted memory/mother/system/circuit ~; replace/dust/upgrade the ~; boardable (adj), board-like (adj), board (v)
3 Break (v) disconnect or interrupt; stop working, through wear or damage, make or become inoperative: ~ the circuit/silence/a habit/a record; break (n): ~ time/point; make/have/give/take a ~; breakage (n), (un/non)breakable (adj), breakably (adv); Cf. downtime,   uptime
4 Card (n) a piece of thick, stiff paper or thin pasteboard, used for writing or printing on; a circuit board that can be inserted in a computer to add extra facilities or memory ~ cage/reader; binary/SD/ punched/graphic/sound/video ~; install/upgrade/pay by/put sth on/use a ~; carder (n)
5 Chip (n) a small piece of silicon or other semi-conductive material on which circuits can be placed ~ set/density/card/socket; memory ~; install/upgrade/replace a ~; chipper (n), chipping (n), chipped (adj), (un)chippable (adj)
6 Bluetooth (n) a standard for a short-range wireless interconnection of mobile phones, computers and other electronic devices ~ connection/speaker/headphones/ headsets/adapter; transfer/connect/send via ~
7 Convert (v) change into sth of a different form or property ~ (a/n) number/audio/format/graphics/ video/data/document/input; converter (n) ~ cable/box/software, AD ~; convertible (adj): ~ data/file/image/audio/video; syn. transform, change
8 Computer (n) an electronic device designed for performing operations on data at a high speed ~ animation/architecture/fraud/ graphics/games; run/use/switch on/off/log onto/off/boot up/start up/shut down/reboot/restart a ~; super/mini/mainframe/micro-~computerized (adj): ~ system/information/facility/tool/ database/journal/record
9 CPU (abbr) Central processing unit the part of a computer in which operations are controlled and executed the ~ cooler/fan/slot/technology/ system; upgrade/(un)install the ~
10 Configuration (n) an arrangement of parts or elements in a particular form, figure, or combination; the particular choice and interconnection of hardware items that make up a particular computer system ~ standard/panel/processor/chip; (re/mis)configure (v): ~ a system/hardware/software; configurational (adj), configurative (adj), configurationally (adv)
11 Component (n) a part or element of a larger whole, especially a part of a machine or vehicle, software or hardware architecture/basic/important/major/ essential/principal/engine/electronic/ key/software/system ~; subcomponent (n), componential (adj); syn. element, part, piece, bit, constituent, ingredient
12 Crash (n) (of a machine,  a business, etc.) a sudden drop in value or failure; the sudden and complete failure of a disk drive market/public/financial ~; major/serious/system ~; cause a ~; crasher (n); syn. break down
13 Cycle (n) a single set of hardware operations, especially that by which memory is accessed and an item is transferred to or from it, to the point at which the memory may be accessed again ~ stealing/time/path; machine ~; go through/complete/repeat a ~; (re)cycle (v), cyclic (adj), recycling (n)
14 Decoder (n) a device capable of converting audio or video signals into a different form, for example from digital to analogue ~ chip/circuit/box/apparatus/board; audio/video/satellite/binary ~; decode (v): ~ a message/signal/ command/ language/symbol/text ant. encode(r)
15 Downtime (n) the period of time when sth is not in operation, especially as a result of a malfunction minimize/schedule/eliminate/reduce ~; syn. dead time ant. uptime
16 Drive (n) an electromechanical device that reads from and writes to disks CD-ROM/disk/DVD/SSD/HDD/ floppy/hard/zip/optical/magnetic/ hybrid ~; driver (n): CD-ROM/software/printer ~; (non)drivable (adj), drive (v); driving (adj): a ~ force
17 Expand (v) become or make larger or more extensive ~ from/to;  expandability (n),expandable (adj), expansion (n): ~ slot; syn. extend, enlarge ant. shrink
18 Fault (n) a defect in a hardware device or component detection/diagnosis/tree analysis ~; have/diagnose/overlook/discover/find/identify/locate a ~; faulty (adj): ~ wire/picture/perception/content/brake/ program/device syn. defect, flaw, imperfection
19 Joystick (n) a manual control or cursor device, as one attached to a computer or a video game ~ port/button; analog ~; (dis)connect/upgrade/replace a ~
20 Key (n) a manually activated mechanism on a keyboard used for entering a character or command into a computer system; a field in a record which is used to identify that record uniquely ~board/pad/stroke; alt/arrow/backspace/control/ delete/escape/function/return/shift ~; hit/hold down/press/touch a(the) ~; keyed (v), keying (v)  
21 Laser (n) a device that emits light through a process of optical amplification based on the stimulated emission of electromagnetic radiation ~ head/pen/surgery/storage devices/technology/lens/disk/printer/beam/ treatment/gun/light; a powerful ~; use a ~; burn a disc with a ~
22 Maintain (v) cause or enable (a condition or situation) to continue; correct or prevent faults in hardware ~ (a) process/stability/balance/ standard; be difficult/easy to ~; maintenance (n): preventative/ regular/need/proper ~;~ costs/services; maintainable (adj) syn. keep (in a working order)
23 Memory (n) the faculty by which the mind stores and remembers information; the part of a computer in which data or program instructions can be stored for retrieval have ~ for sth; (non)volatile/poor/bad/ excellent/visual/dynamic/static/ cache/computer/short-term/long-term/random-access ~; be stored in ~; evoke/revive/bring back/impair/ enhance the ~ of sth; commit to/recite from ~; come with 512Mb ~; if my ~ serves me right; memorable (adj), memorial (n); immemorial (adj): from time ~; memorize (v); syn. recall, retention Cf. RAM, ROM
24 Modem (n) modulator and demodulator a piece of equipment that is used to send information from a computer through a telephone line, cable or other link connect via (a/the) ~; an external/internal/dial-up ~; use/provide a ~
25 Monitor (n) a device used for observing, checking, or keeping a continuous record of sth; a screen which displays an image generated by a computer colour/CCTV/computer ~; display sth on a/the ~; monitor (v): ~ a process/compliance with sth; monitoring (n)
26 Mouse (n) a cursor control device consisting of a hand-held control box used as a locator click/double click/move/use a(the) ~; ~ button/click/cursor/pointer/pad
27 Operate (v) function in a proper or a particular way     ~ a computer/procedure/system/ device; be able to ~; operation (n): computer/logic/machine ~ ; ~ table/ register/code; operational (adj), operationally (adv), operator (n); syn. run
28 Periphery (n) the outer limits or edge of an area or object peripheral (adj): ~ device/processor/ vision/system/feature/card/detail/ expansion; peripherality (n); peripheralize (v); peripherally (adv); syn. outer edge, margin ant. center
29 Platform (n) a raised level surface on which people or things can stand; a group of computers that are compatible with each other and can run the same software microcomputer/mobile computing ~; mount sth/appear/stand on a ~; platformer (n); syn. stage
30 Port (n) a connection in a computer to which an outside (peripheral) device can be attached serial/parallel/USB/firewire/ thunderbolt/ethernet power ~; portable (adj): a ~ television/device/computer/ cassette/player
31 Printer (n) an output device for printing text or images, especially the one linked to a computer a(the) ~ cable/port/ribbon/driver/icon; photo/laser/inkjet/impact/multifunction ~; control/drive/connect a(the) ~; (re)print (v): ~ a document/photo /certificate/publication; printout (n)
32 Process (v) an instance of a program being executed in a multitasking operating system, typically running in an environment that protects it from other processes ~ information/code/data/oil; process (n): the update/boot/accelerate/launch a ~; processor (n): data/audio/graphics/word/multicore ~; processable (adj); syn.  procedure
33 Remove (v) move sth from where it is; lift, push, transfer, or carry away, or from one place to another ~ a(n) scratch/virus/program/ application/disc; removable (adj): a ~ disk; removability (n); syn. displace
34 Repair (v) restore sth to a good condition after damage   ~ (a) hardware/damage/gadget/device; be in need of/need/require/undergo ~; repairer (n); non/repairable (adj); irreparable (adj): ~ damage/loss; syn. fix; ant. damage
35 Repeat (v) do sth again or more than once ~ a(n) command/syntax/entry; repetition (n), repetitive (adj), repeater (n), repeatable (adj), repeatability (n); Cf. redo
36 Rotate (v) move or cause to move in a circle round an axis or a centre allow sth to ~; ~ in a(n) anti-/clockwise direction; rotation (n), rotative (adj): ~ engine/motion; rotating (adj), rotary (adj), rotatory (adj)
37 Scan (v) look quickly but not very thoroughly through (a document or other text) in order to identify relevant information; convert into digital form for storage or processing on a computer ~ a(n) picture/document/pattern/page/ error; ~ sth into a computer; have/give sb/take a ~; scannable (adj), scanner (n): film/fingerprint ~
38 Sector (n) an area or portion that is distinct from others; a subdivision of a track on a magnetic disk ~ configuration; divide sth into ~s; major/public/private/informal/ formal/administration/rural/urban ~; sectoral (adj) syn. area, locality
39 Server (n) a computer that provides services to another computer ~ program/software/page; computer/file/web/client/disk ~; manage/control/protect/maintain/keep (on)/provide a ~
40 Unit (n) a device that has a specified function, especially one forming part of a complex mechanism; a single manufactured item a control/execution/functional/logic/ processing ~; break sth down into/divide sth into ~s; (un)install/(dis)assemble a ~


1. Oxford Reference. Oxford Unversity Press. [Online]. Available: . [Accessed: 16 Sept. 2015]

2. Oxford Dictionaries. Language matters. Oxford Unversity Press. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 20 Sept. 2015.

3. Computer dictionary. Computer Hope. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 20 Sept. 2015]




Activity 1. Give synonyms:

1. break down  
2. remove  
3. decoder  
4. repair  
5. convert  
6. defect  
7. battery  

Activity 2. Give antonyms:

1. configure  
2. damage  
3. periphery  
4. master  
5. encode  
6. uptime  
7. shrink  

Activity 3. Word family. Fill in the missing words of the same root where possible:

Noun Verb Adjective Adverb


Activity 4. Complete the tables with words that form strong partnerships with the target vocabulary units:

Verb Target vocabulary unit

a joystick

Verb Target vocabulary unit

a laser

Target vocabulary unit Noun

operate a

Target vocabulary unit Noun



Activity 5. Match the given terms with their definitions:

1. expand A. a circuit board that can be inserted in a computer to give extra facilities or memory
2. repair B. become or make larger or more extensive
3. card C. a computer that provides services to another computer
4. server D. restore sth to a good condition after damage
5. fault E. a defect in a hardware device or component
6. sector F. the controlling unit in a pair of linked machines
7. master G. an area or portion that is distinct from others

Activity 6. Insert prepositions:

1. Insert the disk ___ drive A.

2. The information was held ___ computer for regular operations.

3. You can send it to me ___ bluetooth

4. This computer may run __ battery for 12 hours

5. The printers are compatible ___ HP LaserJet printers, using the same HP Printer Command Language.

6. The decoder converts the sequence of beeps back ___ a code that identifies the caller.

7. A scanner or digitizer can be imported ___ DesignaKnit and converted into stitch patterns.

Activity 7. State the type of logical relations between the following concepts:  


Concepts Type of logical relations
1. maintain – destroy A. general and specific
2. printer – output B. cause and effect
3. CPU – motherboard C. contrast
4. computer - minicomputer D. method and purpose
5. gadget - joystick  E. part and whole
6. operate – run

F. equivalence

7. overuse – crash

Activity 8. Decode Ken Olsen’s saying about the hardware system and comment on it:

Activity 9. Explain the difference between the following concepts using the Venn diagram below:

1. CPU – motherboard
2. card – flash drive
3. Bluetooth – Wifi
4. convert – configure
5. fault – crash
6. gamepad – joystick
7. modem – router

Activity 10. Say what can be… and how:

1. converted  
2. expanded  
3. processed  
4. repaired  
5. scanned  
6. repeated  
7. maintained  


Activity 11. Say what the following is used for:


1. card  
2. chip  
3. Bluetooth  
4. CPU  
5. joystick  
6. modem  
7. port  

Activity 12. Say when and why the following is done:


1. breakdown
2. conversion
3. downtime
4. cycle
5. maintenance
6. operation
7. configuration


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