The Titanic (fired – sank – sailed – swam) under the waves of the Atlantic.



Third Prep  Second Term   [unit 15]    Mr Hamdy Ahmed -22-

Unit 15: I must have lost it

Vocabulary

Meaning Word Meaning Word
مؤرخ historian رحلة عمل business trip
مقبرة tomb بالتأكيد definitely
نفس same فلفل pepper
عربة vehicle فى الواقع/حقا actually
قبائل من شمال أوربا the Vikings مسرور glad
هرم سقارة Saqqara Pyramid ممكن possible
التبغ tobacco رفيق – زميل – شريك partner
قرن century بالضبط exactly
عجلة wheel جامع collector
محيط ocean بركة/حمام pool
لحم بقرى beef بحيرة lake
قمة جبلية ice berg المصريون القدماء Ancient Egyptians
لا تغرق unsinkable صوف wool
مسافر/راكب passenger بحار sailor
مساحة فارغة/فضاء space مركب إنقاذ life boat
رسالة لاسلكية radio message طاقم سفينة أو طائرة crew
بندقية gun أمواج waves
فى مهمة عمل on business تيتانك Titanic

Verbs

Past participle Past Meaning Present
sailed sailed يبحر sail
described described يصف describe
joined joined يربط join
arrived arrived يصل arrive
reclaimed reclaimed يستصلح reclaim
discovered discovered يكتشف discover
forgotten forgot ينسى forget
rung rang يرن ring
worried about worried about يقلق بشأن worry about
climbed up/down climbed up/down يصعد لأعلى/يهبط لأسفل climb up/down
covered covered يغطى cover
lost lost يخسر lose
fired fired يطلق النار fire
calmed calmed يهدئ calm
died died يموت die
crashed crashed يصطدم crash
set off set off يبدأ رحلة set off
disappeared disappeared يختفى disappear

Language Notes

-23-

Late – lately-later)

• متأخر late

• She was sorry because she came late.

• مؤخرا – حديثا lately

• He has bought a new car lately.

• فيما بعد later

• He went to the market. Later, he visited his uncle.

Remember – remind)

• يتذكر (من ذات نفسه) remember

• Ahmed remembered to send the letter.

• يذكر remind

• The secretary reminded me of the conference.

Trip – journey – voyage – flight)

رحلة جوية fight- رحلة بحرية voyage- رحلة برية طويلة journey- رحلة برية قصيرة trip

On

فى يوم ... on Saturday – on Monday  / فى مهمة عمل on business/فى وقت العمل on duty

فى أجازة on holiday/ فى الوقت المحدد on time

Grammar

الاستنتاج 1- Deduction

Deductions in the past Deductions in the present
must have + pp تأكد مثبت must + infinitive
can’t have + pp تأكد منفى can’t + infinitive
may have + pp احتمالية may + infinitive
might have + pp احتمالية ضعيفة might + infinitive

1- يمكن استخدام could have + pp للتعبير عن أشياء كان من الممكن حدوثها فى الماضى ولكنها لم تحدث.

• It was possible for him to travel abroad but he didn’t.

• He could have traveled abroad.

2- تستخدم couldn’t have +pp لبيان استحالة حدوث الشيء فى الماضى.

• It is impossible that he moved that big stone. 

• He couldn’t have moved that big stone.

2- تستخدم (should) shouldn’t have + pp للتعبير عن نصيحة فى الماضى

• You should have studied hard for the exam.

• You shouldn’t have done that silly thing.

3- تستخدم must أيضا للتعبير عن الضرورة ونفيها don’t have to و doesn’t have to وماضيها had to

والضرورة فى المستقبل will have to.

4- تستخدم needn’t و don’t have to و doesn’t have to للتعبير عن عدم الضرورة.

الروابط Conjunctions

أولا: روابط الغرض

إذا كانت الجملة الثانية غرضا للأولى.

لكى to / in order to / so as to

• يأتي فى وسط الجملة (أو أولها)                • يليه مصدر الفعل                     • تنفى بوضع not قبل to

• He would like to join the sports club so as to get fit.

-24-

لكى so that / in order that/in the hope that

• فى وسط الجملة                                                                  •بعدها ضمير يعود على فاعل الجملة الثانية

• ونستخدم  can / mayفى زمن المضارع اوالمستقبل أو الأمر و could / might فى زمن الماضى.

                     • He would like to join the sports club so that he can get fit.

ملحوظة:

• تحذف wanted to / wish to / hope to عند استخدام الروابط السابقة ونستخدمها مع روابط السبب.

                     • He would like to join the sports club because he wanted to get fit.

• He would like to join the sports club to (in order that he can) get fit.

بينما As – While

• تستخدم للتعبير عن حدث كان مستمرا فى الماضى وقطعه حدث آخر.

As (while) + past continuous + past simple

• As (While) Hala was studying, her friend phoned.

• تستخدم للتعبير عن حدث كان مستمرا فى الماضى وفى نفس الوقت كان هناك حدثا آخر مستمرا معه.

As (While) + past continuous + past continuous

• As (While) dad was reading, mum was cooking.

• يأتيان فى أول الجملة أو وسطها.

أثناء During

• تستخدم بدلا من while – as ولكن يأتي بعدها اسم

• He fell asleep during the film.

• During his stay in London, he met some old friends.

1) Choose the correct answer:

It was your fault. You (shouldn’t – must – should – might) have behaved that way.

You (don’t have – needn’t – mustn’t - can’t) to tell me. I’ve already known                  everything.

Thank God, no one was injured (when – at – while – during) the fire.

The crew sailed the (plane – train – rocket – ship) safely to the port.

He lost his way in the desert. He (can’t have forgotten – should have forgotten –    must have forgotten – didn’t forget).

We’ll go out as soon as it stops (sailing – raining – feeling – meeting).

He took his umbrella (as – so that – while – during) he wouldn’t get wet in the         rain.

The Titanic (fired – sank – sailed – swam) under the waves of the Atlantic.


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