Pronunciation Exercise: Recognition Test

1 cut (a)     2 fond (b)     3 gun (a)    4 wander (b)     

5 song (b)     6 dull (a)     7 wrong (b)    8 nut (a)


Drill 1                   


1. Yes, these cakes were baked by Mary.

2. Yes, the cooking is usually done by her mother.

3. Yes, the letters are usually dictated by the manager. 

4. Yes, they are usually typed by me.

5. Yes, this letter was designed by a famous architect.

6. Yes, but the job was done badly by the builders.

7. Yes, we were advised us what to do.

8. Yes, I was persuaded what to do by my parents.

Drill 2              


1         It's about 21 miles wide.                    

2         It's nearly six mass in height.

3         around five miles deep.

4         It’s at least 100 yards in length.

5         It’s just over 14 feet long.

6         It’s exactly 8 feet in depth.

7         It’s several hundred feet high.

8         It’s about 20 yards in width.


Drill 3                                


1         Yes, he is.

2         No, he doesn't.

3         No, she wouldn’t.

4         Yes, she did.

5         Yes, she has.

6         No, you can’t.

7         No, he won’t.

8         Yes, it will.


Drill 4                                                   


1         Yes, it was a terrible game, wasn't it?

2         No, it wasn't worth watching, was it?

3         Ford played like a fool, didn’t he?

4         Evans didn’t play much better, did he?

5        Yes, they’ve lost the last 10 games, haven’t they?

6        No, they’ve hardly won a game since September, have they?

7        No, they won’t win a single game if they play like that, will they?

8        No, you can’t win with old men in the team, can you?


Drill 5   


1         Huge blocks of flats were being built last year.

2         Many of these buildings have already been erected.

3         But I heard that the plans had been scrapped.

4         Flats like that won’t be built any more.

5         I think a new idea is being considered.

6         But I wouldn’t have been told about it anyway.

7        Their decision will have been made by the end of the year.

8         I’d be told after everyone else of course.


Exercise 1

1. They’ve been knocked down.

2. A huge ugly factory is going to be built on the site.

3. No, it won’t be finished this year, but it’ll have been completed by the end of next summer.

4. It was designed by some terrible architect called Mason.

5. Yes, one or two others are being knocked down.

6. Oh, these decisions are always made by the council.

7. No, nothing at all can be done.

8. No, if I had been told about it, I wouldn’t have bought the house.

Exercise 2


1. fourteen

2. forty-nine

3. two hundred and thirty seven

4. one hundred and forty

5. four thousand and fifty-two

6. one thousand, one hundred and three

7. three million, five hundred and two thousand, one hundred and one

8. one and a half


Exercise 3


1         you've read it, have you?

2         You can hardly understand what he's talking about, can you?

3         He's written a lot of books lately, hasn’t he?

4         But few people read them, do they?

5         They're so boring, aren’t they?

6         He won't make much money from his books, will he?

7         He used to write for a magazine, didn’t he?

8        He ought to go back to that work, oughtn’t he? (didn’t he)


Exercise 4



I competition 2 competitive 3 interested. 4 interesting 5 operate 6 operation

7 invite 8 invitation


Exercise 5


1. independence

2. height

3. decision

4. solution

5. deafening

6. uninteresting

7. shortage

8. successful


Exercise 6


1 The children's health suffered from the lack of exercise.

2 This artist's pictures are much sought after.

3 He inflicted a lot of pain on his family as a result of his thoughtlessness.

4 They will soon finish the work when they find the solution to this problem.

5 That decision brought about the fall of the government.

6 He drank a cold beer to cool down after the game.

7 The little boy was overjoyed with his presents.

8 John was doing a spot of work in the garden when I passed by yesterday.

9 He walked up and ... the room for ten minutes, deep in thought, when he heard ... the accident.

10 He's aiming ... becoming a millionaire before he's forty years old.

11 I know I've been a bad student, but from now on I promise to work harder.

12 I haven't caught a fish all day. I've been out of luck lately.


Pronunciation Exercise

1         b) code              2         a) good             3         a) pull               4         b) bowl  

5         b) coke              6         b) foal               7        a) should          8        a) brook


Drill I (R)                          


1         The local school is a very good school.                      Yes, it is, isn't it?

2         And you don't pay to go there.                                    No, you don't, do you?

3         The Williams send their son to a private school.      Yes, they do, don’t they?

4         It costs a lot of money.                                                 Yes, it does, doesn’t it?

5         But they can’t really afford it.                                     No, they can’t, can they?

6         They won’t send Jamie to a state school though.    No, they wont, will they?

7         But our children went to the local school.                  Yes, they did, didn’t they?

8         But then we’re not snobs.                                             No, we’re not, are we?

Drill 2 (R)         



1         “Will you open the door for me, please, John?”       Peter asked John to open the door for him.

               Peter asked.

2         “Shoot the prisoners at once, men!”                           The officer commanded the men to shoot

the officer commanded.                                               the prisoners at once.

3 “Will you please give me some money                       The man begged us (me) to give him some money

for a meal?” the man begged.                                      for a meal.

4 “Sign your name at the bottom,’ the lawyer             The lawyer told him to sign his name at the bottom.

   told him.

5         “Come back later,” the doorman advised us.                           The doorman advised us to come back later.

6        “Move your car immediately!” the policeman         The policeman ordered the driver to move his car                        

ordered the driver.                                                          immediately.

5 “Would you help me to carry my cases, please?”    The lady asked the porter to help her carry her cases.

the lady asked the porter.

6 “Will you help me service my car, Ron?”                  Ted asked Ron to help him service his car.

Ted asked.           

Drill 3                           


1         The boss told his secretary not to disturb him.

2        The teacher ordered the class not to make a noise.

3         The prisoner begged the soldier not to kill him.

4         The policeman told the suspect not to leave the house.

5 The boy begged the teacher not to tell his father.

6        The salesman advised him not to buy the red tie.

7         Mrs. Williams told Jamie not to wear his best trousers in the garden.       

8         Jamie aced his father not to keep ordering him about.



Drill 4  


1         What does a baker do?                 A baker bakes bread.

2         What do footballers do?               Footballers play football.

3         What does a pianist do?                A pianist plays the piano.

4         What do novelists do?                   Novelists write novels.

5         What do maths teachers do?       Maths teachers teach maths.

6         What does a composer do?          A composer composes music.

7         What does a pilot do?                    A pilot flies aeroplanes.

8         What do lion hunters do?              Lion hunters hunt lions.


Drill 5                


1         What's a window made of?          A window's made of glass.

2         What are cars made of?                Cars are made of metal.

3         What's a book made of?               A book’s made of paper.

4         What are doors made of?             Doors are made of wood.

5         What are cigarettes made of?      Cigarettes are made of tobacco.

6         What's bread made of?                 Bread’s made of flour.

7         What's a pullover made of?         A pullover’s made of wool.

8         What's a wall made of?                 A wall’s made of bricks.


Written Exercise Answers

Exercise 1


Ted                    What are you doing tomorrow morning, Bill?

Bill                    I ‘m going fishing. You know I always go fishing on Sunday mornings, do you  want to come with me?

Ted                    No thanks. I’ve gone fishing in the river dozens of times but I’ve nevercaught a decent fish there in my life.

Bill                    If you came with me you would catch some lovely fish. Last week I caught the biggest trout I have

ever seen.

Ted                    Where did you catch it?

Bill                    By the railway bridge near Stoke. A lot of fish are caught there.

Ted                    Last year a policeman saw me while I was fishing and he told me that fishing was not allowed there.

Bill                    I always hide behind a tree. I can't be seen from the road.

Ted                    If someone reports you to the police, you be made to pay a big fine.

Bill                    I have been fishing there every weekend for the last six months, and I am not going to stop now (I won’t stop).


Exercise 2                           


1         She told the boys not to come late.

2         This letter must be signed by you father.

3         Peter does not like Mary as much as John does.

4         The man was too angry to speak.

5         She asked John to pass her the salt.

6         The new manager was very interested in the idea.

7         She had no sooner left the room than the baby woke up.

8         Afterhe had finished what he was doing he went to bed. (After finishing… / After having finished…)

Exercise 3


1         I have not got enough money to buy a pair of shoes.

2 He had hardly got up when the phone rang loudly.

3 He usually goes to school by bus in the morning.

4 She can certainly play the piano very well.

5 Neither Peter nor John knows the best way to the station.

6 Surely you are old enough to understand this problem.

7 We have not been to the new shop in Oxford Street yet.

8 The police ordered the man to move his car.


Exercise 4


1 shoes-choose                7 eyes-lies                                                     

2 throws-goes                  8 said-bread                                                 

3 so-slow                          9 right-sight                                     

4 nice-ice                          10 rate-straight                                

5 Spain-plane                  II worry-hurry                     

6 through-do                    12 storey-story                               

Exercise 5

1         c) He went towards the sea.                           

2         c) He stopped smoking.  

3         b) I've nothing special to do.

4         a) They had started their trip.

5         d) You must decide yourself.

6         c) He learned a little French.


Exercise 6

Add the missing words


1         To be on the safe side, I reminded him of his promise.

2         He took no notice of the doctor's advice and went on playing strenuous games.

3         He likes to show off with his money in public. I wouldn't dream of doing that.

4         I'm worried about him, but I've got a lot of confidence in his ability.

5         We have no shorts in stock, but we can provide you with the shirts you need.

6         He's so broke that he'll do anything for the sake of a few pounds.

7         Although I was grateful for his help, I didn't take to the man at all.

9 I must keep an eye on the time. I'll be late again at this rate.



Pronunciation Exercise

1 b) new                         5 a) road            

2 a) throw                       6 b) two

3 a) chose                 7 a) blow                            

4 a) soap                        8 b) room


Drill 1              


1         No, you're not to take the car tonight.

2         Yes, he's to come back before twelve o'clock

3 No, you’re not to drink and drive.   

4         Yes, he’s got to be very quiet if he comes in late.

5         No, he’s not to let the cat into the kitchen.

6         Yes, you’re to drive slowly and carefully.

7         No, they’re not to break the springs.

8         Yes, you’re to do exactly what I say.

Drill 2                                                                   


1         Has he?

2         Did he?

3         Does he?

4         Can’t he?

5         Won’t she?

6         Are you?

7         Have you?

8         Doesn’t she?

Drill 3                                                               


1         Mary's crazy if she wants to marry that man.                              

2         Yes, he must be over 60 years old.

3         Yes, he must be a millionaire.

4 Yes, he must be in love with her.

5 Yes, he must be broke again.

6         Yes, she must be away for the day.

7         Yes, she must be with that man again.

8         Yes, she must like him for his money.


Drill 4                          


1         I had a sleep for an hour this afternoon.

2         I don't usually have a rest in the afternoon

3         We didn’t have a walk in the country after lunch today.

4         I didn’t have a shower this morning.

5         I had a swim in the pool instead.

6         My wife was having a bath when Andy called.            

7         We had a glass of beer while we were waiting for her.

8         We are having a look at the photos he brought now.

Drill 5              Have you finished your beer yet?  

                           What about John?                      


1         Have you finished your beer yet?               No, I haven't.

What about John?                                          John has.

2         Is Mary coming tonight?                               No, she isn't.

What about your friends?                             My friends are

3         Do you want another drink?                        No, I don’t.

What about Peter?                                         Peter does.

4         Will Janet be staying late?                            No, she won’t.

What about you?                                                           I will.

5         Can June come?                                             No, she can’t.

What about Sheila?                                       She can.

6         Would you like to dance with Mrs. Jones? No, I wouldn’t.

What about Bill?                                                            He would.

7         Did you have anything to eat?                    No, I didn’t.

What about Graham?                                   He did.

8         Has Ted arrived yet?                                     No, he hasn’t.

What about Jack and Judy?                        Jack and Judy have.

Written Exercise Answers


Exercise 1


1         You haven’t got to answer all          

2         You’ve got to answer at least three questions

3         You mustn’t use a pencil

4         You mustn’t leave the room

5         You haven’t got to answer

6         You haven’t got to answer question 2

7         You haven’t got to spend half an hour

8         You haven’t got to wait


Exercise 2           


1 He is certainly a very good player

2 But he’s got to drink less

3 You‘ve got to be fit 

4 They’ve got to train harder

5 He is certainly very thirsty.

6 I’ve got to be there

7 They are certainly at home by now

8 Those people are certainly very poor.


Exercise 3           


1         Does he?

2         Did he?

3         Is he?

4         Will he?

5         Aren’t you?

6         Could I?


Exercise 4

We went to the beach last Sunday and had a swim in the sea. The children had a game of football on the sand while I was having a rest. At one o'clock I walked along the beach with Joe, and we had a glass of beer at the bar. Then we went back and had our lunch. in the afternoon the children had a ride on the donkeys and while they were having a good time we had a sleep (an hour’s sleep) for an hour. At six o'clock we had another swil and then sat down and had a last cigarette before leaving the beach.

Exercise 5

1         work                  5         paid

2         height                6         done

3         plead                 7         water

4         do                      8         put


Exercise 6


1         Tim was all in when he finished his game.

2         Put your money away. Those drinks are on me.

3         He kids himself he's losing weight, but he drinks so much after the game that in fact he puts on weight.

4         They crammed the car luggage and spoiled the seats in the process.

5         The population increased tenfold and blocks of flats sprang up everywhere.

6         It's against the law to stop on the motorway unless your car breaks down.

7         I played against Ted Sykes this afternoon and now I'm dead in.

8         The party consisted of thirty men, all equipped with automatic pistols.

9         They managed to confine the fire to two or three rooms, but they failed to save the old lady.

9 You can always rely on Mr. Fielding to help you.


Programme 17

Pronunciation Exercise

1         hat, hut             (a, c)               2             coat, cot                           (a, c)

3             boot, bat                           (d, c)                  4         rum, Rome       (b, a)

Drill 1 (R)                         


  1. Have you finished your work?                                    He asked if you had finished your work.  

What was that?

2. Why are you sitting down?                                           He asked why you were sitting down.            

What did he say?

3. How long have you been sitting here?                        He asked how long you’d been sitting there.

I beg your pardon?

4. What do you think you are paid for?                         He asked what you thought you were paid for.

Sorry, I can’t hear.

5. When will you start work again?                 He asked when you would start work again.

What was that?

6. Do you want a new job?                               He asked if you wanted a new job.

What was that?

7. Do you know that I’m the new boss?                         He asked if you knew that he was the new boss.         

Sorry, I can’t hear.

8. Please, don’t come back tomorrow.                           He asked you not to come back tomorrow.

What was that?

Drill 2 (R)


1         John told Mary (that) he wanted to marry her.

2         Mary told John (that) she couldn't marry him.

3         John told Mary (that)he’d always loved her.

4         Mary told John (that)she was going to marry someone else.

5         John told Mary (that) he would buy her a nice house in the country.

6         Mary told John (that) her rich fiancé had already bought her two houses.

7         John told Mary (that) she didn’t love him, and (that) he would kill himself.

8         Mary told John not to be stupid.

Drill 3            I work hard nearly every day. But I don't work on Sunday.

                           I work hard every day except Sunday.


I haven't read Hamlet. But I've read all Shakespeare's other plays.                                                               Except for Hamlet, I've read all Shakespeare's plays.


1 I work hard every day except Sunday.

2 Except for Hamlet, I’ve read all Shakespeare’s plays.

3 She likes all animals except rats and snakes.

4 Except for Mrs. Jones, they like everyone in the street.

5 They’re inviting everyone except grandmother.

6 Except for a little beer, they’ve drunk everything in the house.

7 He eats all vegetables except onions.

8 Except for the electric one, you can take any drill you want.


Drill 4                  


1         Yes, put it down.

2         Yes, look at it.

3         Yes, put them on.

4         Yes, look after him.

5         No, don’t turn it off.

6         Yes, give them all away.

7         Yes, lock it up.

8         No, don’t talk about her.

Drill 5                           


1         Yes, put the tent up now, please.                     

3 Yes put all these old books away in the drawer, please.

4 Yes, lock the house up while they’re away, please.

4         Yes, bring the car back tomorrow, please.

5         Yes, turn the radio off now, please.             

6 Yes, put the kettle on and make a cup of tea, please.

7 Yes, bring the clothes in before it starts to rain, please.

8 Yes, put the cat out before you go to bed, please.


Written Exercise Answers


Exercise 1

1 The little boy told the old man that he had lost a coin and he was looking for it.

2 The old man asked how much he had lost and where he had dropped it.

3 The little boy said that he had lost a tenpence and he had dropped it in the road.

4 The old man told him not to cry and said that he would give him another tenpence.

5 He told him to buy himself some chocolate and said good buy.

6 The old man asked him what the matter was, and if he had lost the coin he had given him already.

7 The little boy told him that he hadn’t lost that one, but he wanted to find the first one.

8 He told him that he would then have 20 pence.


Exercise 2


1         He's a good boy. He never tells lies and he always says his prayers.

2         Mr. Williams is good at telling stories.

3         Did he say good morning when he came in?

4         Can your little girl tell the time yet?

5         I told him to explain himself, but he refused to say anything.

6         Please come in and sit down, said the nice old lady.

7         The officer said that he would like to tell us the truth, but he couldn't.

8         Mary's father told me not speak to his daughter again.


Exercise 3

1         a) He told everyone apart from George.                               b) He told everyone except George.

2         a) I answered all the questions apart form the last one.         b)… except the last one.

3 a) Apart from being a brilliant mathematician, he speaks four languages.        b) not possible.

4 a) Mary goes out with a new boyfriend apart from Peter and John.    b) not possible.

5 a) I knew everyone there apart from that old man.            b) … except (for) that old man.

6 Apart from the scenery, I liked everything about the play.    b) Except for the scenery …


Exercise 4


1         a) I turned the light on immediately.                                          b) I turned it on.

2         a)       -          b) He looked at it.

3         a)       -          b) We talked about it.

4         a) I must give back John's book tomorrow.                              b) I must give it back.

5         a) They pulled down all the old houses.                                     b) They pulled them down.

6         a)       -          b) I asked for him.

7         a) She wrote down my telephone number in her book.                           b) She wrote it down.

8         a)       -          b) I’ll look after it for you.


Exercise 5


1         Has no one (Hasn’t anyone) in this room ever been to the North Pole?

2         Isn’t the importance of the first lesson you learned easier to understand now?

3         Does he hope to discover how it happened?

4         Aren’t I not in very good form today?

5         Would he like to know why I came?

6         Did the tall stranger ask you how much it cost?

7         Is there anywhere in the world as beautiful as my home town?

7 Is nothing (Isn’t anything )you want is easy to get?


Exercise 6


1         We picked out he best pictures and put them on display in the window.

2         The children cheered up when Father Christmas arrived, and gazed at him in wonder.

3         I went up to a shop assistant and asked him to wrap up the books for me.

4         To their astonishment he gave away all the money and left the country.

5         Nowadays you can’t tell the difference between a young girl and a young boy, as far as I can see.

6         You have to watch out or you get taken in when you buy second-hand goods.

7         Don’t be afraid of the boss. He’s all right if you stand up to him.

8         She spends her time running down her neighbours and sending off letters to the newspapers.

9         I dressed in a hurry. One sock is inside out and my vest is back to front .

9 I must dig out the garden before we put the house up for sale.



Pronunciation Exercise

1         b) form            2         a) far                3         a) hark            4         b) port                                

5         a) tart            6         b) pork             7         b) lord              8         a) cart


Drill I  


1         I think there'll be another war soon.                            Yes, there may be another war soon.

2         But perhaps the government doesn't want a war.    No, the government may not want a war.

3         It’s possible that they’ll be forced to fight though.  Yes, they may be forced to fight though.

4         But I don’t think the enemy are ready for war yet. No, the enemy may no be ready for war yet.

5         So perhaps it’s better for us to attack now.               Yes, it may be better for us to attack now.

6         But I’m not sure we’ll win if we do fight.                   No, we may not win if we do fight.

7         If we talk perhaps we’ll be able to find a solution.  Yes, if we talk perhaps we may be able to find a solution.

8         Probably more peace talks is the best idea after all. Yes, more peace talks may be the best idea after all.


Drill 2  


1 I ought to go really, but I'm enjoying myself.

2 I shouldn't stay long, but I'll have another drink.

3 I ought to do some work at home, but I’d rather stay and talk.

4 We shouldn’t gossip about our neighbours, but Mrs. Jones is a terrible woman.                                                            

5 I ought to phone my wife now, but I think I’ll do it later.

6 I shouldn’t smoke so much, but I’m too weak to say no.

7 You ought to give up cigarettes altogether, but I don’t think you can.

8 I shouldn’t waste money on taxis, but I’ve but I’ve missed the last bus.                                                                                       

Drill 3                


1         Then you might as well buy a red one.

2         Then he might as well marry Julie.

3         Then you might as well take the cheap one.

4         Then she might as well wear the long one.                                                                                                     

5         Then they might as well leave on Sunday.                                    

6         Then you might as well take a train.               

7         Then he as well might do it with Julie.

8         Then we might as well go to bed.


Drill 4                                           


1         Yes, if they left at 10 o 'clock they should be here soon.

2         Yes, he might be in the garden.

3         Yes, if you send the letter now they should get it by Thursday.                                                                

4         Yes, they might be in the bathroom.

5         Yes, if I go now I must catch the bus.

6         Yes, she might be John’s new girlfriend.

7         Yes, if Jack’s on form he must beat Ted Sykes.

8         Yes, it might be a bomb.


Drill 5             


1        All right. I'll ask her what her name is.

2         right. I'll ask her where she comes from.

3         All right. I'll ask them what they are doing.

4         Ask them. ” All right. I'll ask them why they are still in the classroom.

5         All right. I'll ask the teacher how you spell ‘receive’.

6         All right. I'll ask him where he got it from.

7         I'll ask him how much it cost.

8         All right. I'll ask Charles when the party will end.


Written Exercise Answers



1         They might come with us, but I think they're too busy.

2         I know it rained yesterday and today, but it might be fine tomorrow.

3         My father says I can go to the party as long as I get home by midnight.

4         You can leave as soon as you have finished.

5         I know you don't like television but you might enjoy this programme.

6         The snow is getting deeper. The trains might not be running.

7         The students can answer the questions in any order they like.

8         Visitors to Britain cannot work in the country without a permit.


Exercise 2


1 should do / ought to do

2 ought not to work / shouldn’t work / mustn’t work

3 I simply must finish / I simply have to finish

4 you haven’t got to finish

5 you ought to have / should have

6 I mustn’t stay

7 you must book / you have to book (ought to / should)

8 I’ll have to ask


Exercise 3


1 She can’t be

2 This might be the quickest way

3 so I might as well take a big one

4 He should be home by now

5 I may as well stop trying

6 He can’t be back

7 John may be meeting Mary

8 He should be successful


Exercise 4

1         They are making preparations for the party on Saturday.

2         I could just do with a cup of tea now. 

3         Did the boss make you do overtime?

4         He often makes out he's a police inspector, but no one ever believes him.

5         I've lost your pen I'll buy you a new one to make up for it.

6         A rest will do you good.

7         She's in the bathroom making up her face.

8         Nothing you do will make any difference.

9 We were not allowed to make any noise.

10 I was reluctant to make a decision without knowing all the facts.

11      I had a great weekend, but I didn't have time to do much shopping.

Exercise 5

1 Examine       6 minority

2 examination 7 psychology       

3 definitely       8 psychological

4 deliberately   9 develop

5 minor             10 development


Exercise 6

1         I was reluctant to make a decision without knowing all the facts.

2         It is your duty to encourage cooperation between the management and the workers.

3         He doesn't want to do it, but I'm sure we can talk him into helping us.

4         Mary is very late. I don't think she will turn up now.

5         Most of the patients have been cured of the disease now. The situation is under control.

6         If you are too soft on children they will take advantage of you.

7         He has made up his mind to do it. There's no chance of talking him into it now.

8         I've made a mess of this exercise. I must write it out again.

9         Mr. Peters isn't in yet. He doesn't get to the office until ten on Saturdays.

10      It's nice to help people, but you shouldn't put your friends before your family to such an extent.


Pronunciation Exercise

1         (b)work            5         (a)form                           

2         (b)turn             6         (a)born                                

3         (a)warm           7         (b)curse

4         (a)short            8         (a)warship                           

Drill 1                                                                                   


1. Yes, I had to stay home.

2. Yes. I had to help my wife.

3.  Yes, we had to prepare the food for the party tonight.

4. Yes, I had to cut the bread for the sandwiches.

5. Yes, I had to do the washing up afterwards.

6. Yes, I had to carry on working.

7. Yes, I had to go to the office.

8. Yes, I had to do overtime.


Drill 2   


1         I didn't have to get a new radio because they mended the old one.

2 I didn't have to go to the bank because I had enough money to pay for it.

3 The children didn’t have to go to school because it was a holiday.

4 They didn’t have to do any homework last night because the teacher didn’t set them any.

5 John didn’t have to book a table because the restaurant was almost empty.

6 He didn’t have to borrow any money because the firm paid for the meal.

7 I didn’t have to take a taxi because someone met me at the station.

8         I didn’t have to stay the night in a hotel because there was a late train home.

Drill 3                          


1         What else does she want?

2         Where else did they go?

3         How else can we go? (What else can we go by?)

4         else would he marry her? (What else … for?)

5         Who else did you speak to?

6         What else does he play?

7         Where else have you been?

8         Who else know the answer?


Drill 4                             


1         My father said I was not to go out again.

2         And we weren't allowed to play in the garden.

3         My father said we were not to make any noise

4         And my friends weren't allowed to bring their dog into the house.

5         My father said weren't allowed to watch television all the afternoon.

6         And we weren't allowed to go into the bedrooms.        

7         My father said we were not allowed to laugh all the time.

8         And we weren't allowed to do anything at all.


Drill 5                                          

1         There’s nowhere else to go

2         Do you need anything else?

3         There’s nothing else to do.

4         Does she want anything else?

5         There’s no one else to invite.

6         Did they go anywhere else?

7         There’s nothing else to eat.

8         Have you asked anyone else?


Written Exercise Answers


Exercise 1


1         had to go to London                      6         was not to be late               

2         didn’t have to buy                          7         had to meet

3         wasn’t allowed to go                      8         didn’t have to stay

4         had to be                                          9         was not to be away                            

5         had to get up                                   10      had to rush


Exercise 2

1         didn’t need to take                         5         needn’t have bothered

2         needn’t have worried                     6         needn’t have done

3         didn’t need to have                        7         needn’t have come

4         didn’t need to take                         8         didn’t need to wake

Exercise 3

1         a) Who else went with him?                          b) Did anyone else went with him

2         a) Where else did they do?                            b) Did they go anywhere else?

3         a) There was nowhere else to go.                 b) There wasn’t anywhere else to go.

4         a) What else did he buy?                            b) Did he buy anything else?

5         a) Who else did he have presents for?      b) Did he have presents for anyone else?

6         a) They must hurry or else they’ll miss it.

7         a) I suppose he gave them to someone else.

8         a) Perhaps he left them somewhere else.

Exercise 4


1         I used to go to the theatre every week, but now I hardly ever have time.

2         I'm so hard up now that I can't even afford to buy cigarettes.

3         Surely he's not going to marry that girl? She only wants his money.

4         Have you sold that car already? You only bought it 3 months ago.

5         I see the boss so rarely that I never recognise him when I see him.

6         It's a difficult problem. They haven't yet decided how to solve it.

7         They're certainly fast workers. They did the job in only two hours.

8         I've been waiting for half an hour and Mary still hasn't come.


Exercise 5

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