Peter broke the window. Who?         Who broke the window?

They need some paper.                What?                  What do they need?

A hundred people died.                How many?        How many people died?

The letter was for John.                Who?                    Who was the letter for?

That boy over there did it.           Who?                    Who did it?

Mary took the old car.                 Which?                Whish car did Mary take?

Something fell out of the pocket. What?                  What fell out of his pocket?

I want a dozen eggs.                     How many?        How many eggs do you want?




1 Are you going to bed early?                      going to a party               No, I’m not going to bed early, because I’ll be

                                                                                                                            going to a party

2 Are they going to watch the match          working                                          No, they’re not going to watch the match

                                                                                                                           tomorrow, because they’ll be working.

3 Are you coming to the pictures tonight? doing my homework        No, I’m not coming to the pictures tonight

 tomorrow?                                                                                                    becauseI’ll be doing my homework.

4 Is he playing tennis with us tomorrow?   sitting an exam              No, he’s not playing tennis with us tomorrow,

                                                                                                                 because he’ll be doing his home work.

5 Are you going to phone him tomorrow? sleeping                           No, I’m not going to phone him now, because

                                                                                                                           he’ll be sleeping.

6 Are they going to visit us next week?     going to Scotland          No, they’re not going to visit us next week,   

                                                                                                                     because they’ll be going to Scotland.             

7 Is he going to Rome immediately?         having a holiday first  No, he’s not going to Rome immediately,                                                                                                                      because he’ll be having a holiday first.

8 Are you going to ask them now?            having their lunch             No, I’m not going to ask them now, because                                                                                                                                      they’ll be having their lunch.


Written Exercise Answers

Exercise 1


1         We’ll be catching the 8 o’clock train.

2         My brother will be meeting me at the station.

3         Our wives won’t be coming with us.

4         They’ll be staying at home.

5         We’ll be arriving at Paddington station at ten o’clock.

6         My brother’ll be staying overnight in London, but I’m not.

7         I’ll be returning on the 9 o’clock express.

8         My wife’ll be picking me up at the station.


Exercise 2


1         His salary is 2400 pounds a year (200 pounds a month).

2        He has a bath twice a week.

3         His average speed was 50 miles an hour (miles per hour).

4         He eats three times a day.

5         He goes to the pictures once a week.


Exercise 3


1         The United Kingdom includes Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

2        John took a train from Waterloo Station and read the Times on the journey to the south coast of England.

3        He stayed the night in the Grand Hotel, which is in Brook Street in the centre of Southampton.

4        His ship the Queen’s Star, sailed next morning down the English Channel towards the Atlantic Ocean.

5        They passed the Channel Islands and John recognised Jersey, an island he had once visited.

6        He went to North America, where he spent a week with an uncle who lives in Canada near Lake Superior.

7        Now he’s travelling by car across the United States, along the Mississippi River and into Mexico.

8         «What was the highest mountain in the Himalayas before Mount Everest was discovered?» «I don’t know.»

«Everest was, of course.» 


Exercise 4


1         a) Who bought a newspaper?                      b) What did Mrs. Smith buy?

2         a) Which bomb killed twenty people?        b) How many people did the second bomb kill?

3         a) Which girl read the second paragraph? b) Which paragraph didi the tall girl read? 

4         a) What fell across the road?                       b) Where did the tree fall?

5         a) Who wrote to Mary?                                 b) Who did John write to?

6         a) How many people arrived at ten o’clock? b) When did three people arrive?

7         a) Who ate a pound of chocolate?             b) How much chocolate did James eat?

8         a) Which car needs a service?                      b) What does the big car need?


Exercise 5


1 a very hard problem … try hard ... I’ve tried very hard ... you’ve hardly ... tried at all.  

2 seen the boss lately? … comes late … leave early … I hardly ever see him.

3 How far is … Nor far … you walk fast … take you long … always walk slowly (fast) … a slow (fast) walker but a fast (slow) driver.

4 he thinks highly … a high salary … climb high.



Exercise 6


1         We are looking forward to the holidays.

2         I’m scared of dogs, but I’m not frightened of large animals such as horses.

3        They insist on setting off very early. They have to be under way before six o’clock in any case.

4         He picked up a lot of French slang while he was in the factory.

5         The ship made for port because the sea was so rough.

6         If you are in luck, it won't be pouring with rain when you leave.

7         His friends pulled strings for him and he succeeded in getting the job.

8         We need more help, but we’ll get by somehow.

9         Can you sort out these letters for me?

10      There’s a possibility of rain, but never mind.

11      He convinced us of the need for hard work.

11 He climbed onto the roof in an effort to rescue them from the fire.



Practice Section

Text One


go anywhere without the car

I never used to go anywhere without the car.


doubled in one year

the price of petrol doubled in one year

But when the price of petrol doubled in one year,


not to use the car

I resolved not to use the car



absolutely necessary

except when absolutely necessary.


But when the price of petrol doubled in one year, I resolved not to use the car except when absolutely necessary.




Drill 1



Do you like whisky now?                  

1 I don’t like chocolate now.                   when I was a boy               But I used to like chocolate when I was a boy.

2 Do you like whisky now?                                                                 Yes, but I never used to like whisky.

3 We don’t study French any more.                       at school              But we used to study French at school.

4 Do they walk to work in the mornings now?                            Yes, but they never used to work in the


5 You don’t play football any more.                                                         But you used to play football when you were

when you were younger                                                                           younger.

4 Does he smoke heavily now?                                                               Yes, but he never used to smoke heavily.

5 Peter doesn’t work in a bank now.                                                      But he used to work in a bank a few years ago.

A few years ago

6 Does he tell the truth now?                                                                   Yes, but he never used to tell the truth.

Drill 2


1. We don’t mind where you put it.                         You can put it anywhere you like.

2. They don’t care what he does.                             He can do anything he likes.

3. I don’t mind who they tell.

4. It doesn’t matter when they arrive.

5. I don’t mind which book you borrow.

6. We don’t care what they say.

7. It doesn’t matter who you ask.

8. She doesn’t mind where he goes.

Drill 3

1. On Sundays we always used to get up late.                       Yes, and sometimes we’d have breakfast in bed.        

And have breakfast in bed.

2. Then we used to go for a walk.                                            Yes, and sometimes we’d have a boat on the tiver.    

And take a boat on the river.                                   

3. Mary used to cook lunch.                                                     Yes, and sometimes she’d roast a chicken.                   

And roast a chicken.

4. The children used to play football in the park.                 Yes, and sometimes they’d come home late.

And get home late.

5. I used to wash the dishes.                                                     Yes, and sometimes I’d make tea.

And make the tea.

6. In the afternoon we used to watch television.             Yes, and sometimes we'd play cards.

And play cards.

7. In the evening the boys used to do their homework..     Yes, and sometimes they’d write letters.

And write letters.

8. I often used to go to the pub at eight o’clock.            Yes, and sometimes I'd see Bill there.

And see Bill there.


Drill 4


1. Do they often swim in the river?                                          Yes, they are used to swimming in the winter.

2.       Have you always lived in a hot country?                                           Yes, I’m used to livingin a hot country.

2. Does Bill always get up early?                                             Yes, he’s used to getting up early.

3. Have they paid a high price for petrol for long?               Yes, they’re used to paying high prices for petrol.

4. Do you like living by yourself?                                            Yes, I’m used to living by myself.   

5. Has she always worked at night?                                        Yes, she’s used to working at night.

6. Do they always drink a lot of whisky?                               Yes, they’re used to drinking a lot of whisky.

7. Do you always go to bed late?                                             Yes, I’m used to going to bed late.


Drill 5


1. Are you beginning to like your new job now?                   Yes, I’m getting used to my new job now.

2. Did he learn to work harder?                                                Yes, he got used to working harder.

3. Has he learned to get up early in the morning?                Yes, he’s gpt used to getting up early in the morning.

4. Has he begun to enjoy living in France?                            Yes, he’s got used to living in france.

5. Will he be able to speak French soon?                               Yes, he’ll get used to speaking French soon.

6. Are they beginning to like these cigarettes now?              Yes, they are getting used to these cigarettes now.

7. Will they be able to walk all that way every day?                           Yes, they’ll get used to walking all that way every day.

8. Did he learn to eat snails and garlic?                                  Yes, he got used to eating snails and garlic.


Exercise 1


1        When I was a little boy I used to smoke cigarettes occasionally.

2        I stopped smoking completely, however, before I reached the age of 10.

3        We used to live by the sea in those days and my brothers and I often used to walk along.

4        My big brother used to steal the cigarettes from my father’s pocket while he was sleeping.

5        At that time my father used to smoke more than forty cigarettes a day and he never used to notice when Jack took a few from one of his pockets.

6        One day my father saw us while we were smoking on the beach, but to our surprise he only smiled and said nothing.

7        After that we used too buy cigarettes from time to time and, although our smoking was no longer a secret, we still used to go to our favourite spot to smoke them.

8        A few months later, however, we lost interest and I have never smoked since then.


Exercise 2


1.  I used to be a keen footballer when I was at school. I used to play for a local boys’ team and every Saturday afternoon I would get on my bicycle and (I would) ride off to the park, where there used to be several small football pitches in those days. Sometimes we would win and sometimes we would lose, but we would always enjoy ourselves immensely. After the game I would usually chat with the others for an hour or so. Then I would hurry home for tea. My mother and I used to live in the little house next to school. She would always prepared a bath for me, and we would have tea together immediately afterwards.


Exercise 3

1        We used to live in the country, but now we live in the town.

2        I don’t like town life but I hope I will soon get used to it.

3        I lost my pen last week, so I used my sister’s to write the examination yesterday.

4        He comes from Scotland. He is used to cold weather.

5        I used to hate this work, but I quite like it now that I have got used (am getting used, am used) to it.

6        They used to take the bus but now they always use the car.

7        We swim all through the winter. We are used to swimming in cold water.

8        He used to make a lot of mistakes, but now he is used (has got used , is getting used) to speaking English.

Exercise 4

1        I’ve looked everywhere, but I can’t find my wallet anywhere.

2        I asked every student in the class, but none of them could answer any of the questions.

3        You can take any of these cars. Every one of them is in good condition.

4        Everybody was wearing a suit, but I didn’t see anybody in a hat.

5        You can bring anybody to the party. Come any time after eight.

6        We can stop anywhere you like.

7        The boys ate every cake on the plate. They didn’t leave anything for the girls.

8        I’ll lend you any tie except the red one.


Exercise 5

1        They don’t want to sit the exams.

2        They (have) arranged to go to the theatre on Saturdays.

3        I hate waiting for my friends.

4        They decided to buy a new house

5        We planned to have a picnic yesterday.

6        They are interested in learning English.

7        He’ll learn to do the work properly soon.       

8        He was busy writing letters yesterday afternoon.


Exercise 6

Add the missing words


1        Swimming is regarded as a very good sport for keeping fit.

2        I rely on the buses for getting to and fro.

3        You should go on foot. It’s only a question of habit.

4        Turn the lights off. We must economise on electricity.

5        I’m going to have a nap. I can’t do without a rest after the restaurant.

6        Once you’ve put up your pictures you’ll start to feel at home.

7        The radio isn’t working because you haven’s plugged it in .

8        I couldn’t get that new book. The shops were out of stock already.

9        I came across that word in a book I was reading last week.

10      I’m not accustomed to getting involved in other people’s business.

11      He missed a few lessons. He’ll have to study hard to catch up with the others.

12      I can’t stand that man, but I keep bumping into him in the morning.



Practice Section

Text Two

Ted:  Well, what did you think, Bill?

Bill:   Dreadful, I thought. / Both the game and the weather.

Ted:  Well, out team are never on form in the mud.

Bill:   They are useless in either wet or dry conditions. / And why do they pick old Ford? / I can’t make it out.

Ted:  Evans isn’t up to it either. / We need two or three new players.

Bill:   Not only new players; / we want a new manager as well.           

Ted:  Well, we’ll get neither. / Will we ever get out of the Fourth Division?

Drill 1


I washed and dressed.                                   Then I had breakfast.

I had breakfast.                                              Then I washed the car.


1. I washed and dressed. Then I had breakfast.   After I’d washed and dressed, I had breakfast.

2. I had breakfast. Then I washed the car.            After I’d had breakfast, I washed the car.

3. I washed the car. Then I weeded the garden.    After I’d washed the car, I weeded the garden.

4. I weeded the garden. Then my wife made        After I’d weeded the garden, my wife made some coffee.

some coffee.

5. We drank the coffee. Then I helped her                            After we’d drunk the coffee, I helped her prepare lunch.

prepare lunch.

6. I helped her prepare lunch. Then I went for      After I’d helped her prepare lunch, I went for a drink with Bill.

a drink with Bill.

7. We had a drink. Then we ate our lunch.            After we’d had a drink, we ate our lunch.

8. We ate our lunch. Then I took the children       After we’d eaten our lunch, I took the children to the pictures.

 to the pictures.

Drill 2





1 It rained for hours.                      The streets were wet.                        The streets were wet because it’d been raining                    

for hours.

2 John waited for them for hours. He was very angry.                           John was very angry because he’d been waiting

                                                                                                                           for them for hours


3 They travelled all day.               They were very tired.                  They were very tired because they’d been

                                                                                                                           travelling all day.

4 He worked all night.                    He looked worn out.                         He looked worn out because he’d been

                                                                                                                           working all night.

5 I worked in the garden.              Your clothes are dirty.                     My clothes were dirty because I’d been

                                                                                                                      working in the garden.

6 We walked in the sun.                We were thirsty.                                We were thirsty because we’d been walking

                                                                                                                           in the sun.

7 They played tennis.                    They were still wearing shirts.       They were still wearing shorts because they’d

                                                                                                                           been playing tennis.

8 The cat ate the chicken.             He looked pleased.                        The cat looked pleased because he’d been

                                                                                                                           eating the chicken.

Drill 3


1        She started cooking.       The telephone rang.                      Hardly had she started cooking when the

                                                                                                                                           telephone rang.

2         They finished speaking. Someone knocked at the door.       Hardly had they finished speaking when

                                                                                                                           someone knocked at the door.

3        She closed the door.       The baby started crying.             Hardly had she closed the door when the baby

                                                                                                                                           started crying.

4        She fed the baby.            The dog began barking.                  Hardlyhad she fed the baby when thedog

                                                                                                                                           began barking.

5        She put the dog out.       The cat stole the meat.                     Hardly had she put the dog out when the cat

                                                                                                                                           stole the meat.

6        She rescued the meat.    The soup boiled over.                       Hardly had she rescued the meat when the soup

                                                                                                                                           boiled over.

7        She cleaned up the mess. The guests arrived.                           Hardly had she cleaned up the mess when the

                                                                                                                                           guests arrived.

8         They sat down.               She served dinner.                             Hardly had they sat down when she served                                                                                                                         dinner.


Drill 4


1. He left school and went to university.                                After leaving school he went to university.

2. He studied for three years but failed his exams.              After studying for three years he failed his exams.

3. He worked in an office for a while and then emigrated After working in an office for a while he emigrated

to Australia.                                                                             to Australia.

4. He tried several jobs and then he became a farmer.       After trying several jobs he became a farmer.

5. He made a lot of money and decided to go home                          After making a lot of money he decided to go home

for a holiday.                                                                                           for a holiday.

6. He arrived in England and married an old girlfriend.      After arriving in England he married an old girlfriend.

7. He met his old friends and didn’t want to go                    After meeting his old friends he didn’t want to go

back again.                                                                              back again.

8. He sold his farm and bought a business in England.       After selling his farm he bought a business in England.


Drill 5


1        She typed one letter but then the boss gave              No sooner had she typed one letter than the boss gave her her another.                                                            another.

2         The children had lunch but then they wanted          No sooner had the children had lunch than they     some chocolate.                                                       wanted some chocolate.                   

2 I bought the red one, but then I decided I                  No sooner had I bought the red one than I decided I

 preferred the blue one.                                                  preferred the blue one.

4         He started business, but then the war began.            No sooner had he started business than the war began.

5         She arrived at the hotel, but then she started                            No sooner had she arrived at the hotel than she started

complaining loudly.                                                       complaining loudly.

6         I started my holiday but then I fell ill.                        No sooner had I started my holiday than I fell ill.

7         He met Mary, and fell in love with her.                      No sooner had he met Mary than he fell in love with her.

8         He decided to marry Mary, but then he met Jane.  No sooner had he decided to marry Mary than he met


Exercise 1


1        He was tired out because he had been working in the garden all day.

2        First she opened the parcel , and then she read the letter.

3        After she had opened the parcel, she read the letter.

4        They had been sitting there for more than an hour when the taxi finally arrived.

5        They left the room as soon as he had finished speaking.

6        He quickly forgot all he had learnt at school.

7        When we came to Harpole, the Smiths had already been living there for ten years.

8        He told me that he had been fishing in the river every weekend for the last two years but that he had never caught anything.


Exercise 2

1        The sun had set before they were ready to leave.                                                    (before).

2        The river was deeper than usual because it had been raining for weeks on end. (because)

3        As soon as they had finished breakfast, they went for a swim.                             (as soon as)

4        When we had drunk our beer, we went back to work.                                             (when)

5        After we had been living there for only six months we decided we didn’t like it. (after)

6        Although it had happened ten years before, she could not forget it.                    (although)

7        I hadn’t seen Jane for many years when she called to see me last week.                           (when)

8        She had been walking for two hours when she saw the house.                              (when)


Exercise 3


1        a) After he had had his supper,    b) After having his supper

           c) After having had his supper he went to bed

2         a) After she had heard the news, b) After hearing the news,

c) After having heard the news, she phoned her mother.

3         After they had left the house, it began to snow. (b and c not possible)

4         a) after he had spoken to the boss, b) After speaking to the boss

c) After having spoken to the boss, he decided to leave,

5         a) After I had worked in England for five years. b) After working in England for five years 

c) After having worked in England for five years, I went to Australia.

6        After I had eaten the meat, the dog finished the bones. (only answer)

7        After it had got dark, we made camp. (only answer)

8        After the children had gone to sleep, we had supper. (only answer)

Exercise 4


1        It’s not only very expensive but very poor quality as well.                        

2        He neither eats nor drinks a lot.                                       

3        They would like both fruit and ice-cream.    

4        John will either give (you) or lend you the book.          

5         She eats neither bread nor potatoes.                               

6    Either John or Mary will help you.                                  

7        They both understand and speak Chinese.                   

8        I don’t know either Peter or John.                                   


Exercise 5

1        I had hardly entered house telephone ring.

2        They had no sooner repair one window than they broke another.

3        He had scarcely finished one drink than they brought him another.

4        He had hardly arrived when he wanted to leave again.              

5        We had barely begun the picnic when it started to rain.

6        I had no sooner stood up than I fell down again.


Exercise 6

1        My wife was busy with the week’s washing when we arrived.

2        He bumped into a lamp post because he wasn’t paying attention to his driving.

3        I can’t concentrate on my work while you are making that noise.

4        He stumbled over a piece of wood as he fled from the dog in terror.

5        I was engrossed in my work, so I didn’t see what was going on in the street.

6        It was pelting with rain as we put on our coats and set out for home.

7        He was shouting in anger, but I couldn’t make out what he was saying.

8        I tried giving up smoking, but I couldn’t keep it up.

9        His clothes were covered with mud after he had fallen down.

10      I can’t help thinking that John is not up to this work yet.

11      I agreed with Peter who was all for leaving immediately.

12      We were all worn out, so we decided to give the party a miss.



Practice Section

Text Three


The nights are drawing in.

I’m looking forward to sitting by a nice fire.

The leaves on the oak trees turned yellow.

You are not going bald, are you!


Mrs. Smith:      Quite chilly, isn’t it, Mrs, Jones?

Mrs. Jones:       Yes, summer’s over. The nights are drawing in.

Mrs. Smith:      I prefer autumn anyway. It gets so hot in summer I can’t sleep.

Mrs. Jones:       You’re right. I’m looking forward to sitting by a nice fire again.

Mrs. Smith:      We’re getting old, I suppose. The seasons flash past so quickly.

Mrs. Jones:       The leaves on the oak trees have turned yellow already. Beautiful!

Mrs. Smith:      My hair’s going grey. No one says that’s beautiful.

Mrs. Jones:       The trees will soon be bare. You’re not going bald, are you, Mrs. Smith!

Drill 1  

1         I like going on holiday.                                  I’m looking forward to going on holiday.

2         He doesn’t like waiting for his girlfriend.    He objects to waiting for his girlfriend.

3         He likes seeing Mary.                                     He’s looking forward to seeing Mary.

4         They don’t like working on Sundays.         They object to working on Sundays.

5         She likes eating French food.                       She’s looking forward to eating French food.

6         We don’t like doing what he says.               We object to doing what he says.

7         I like talking to Bill.                                        I’m looking forward to talking to Bill.

8         The men don’t like doing overtime.            The men object to doing overtime.

Drill 2


1        The children are laughing happily.              seem                      The children seem happy.

2        The Smiths were talking angrily.                  sound                    The Smiths sounded angry.

3        The old man got up tiredly.                           feel                        The old man felt tired.

4        The girl was smiling sadly.             appear                  The girl appeared sad.

5        Mary is dressed beautifully.                          look                       Mary looks beautiful.

6        Peter and John are shouting excitedly.       sound                    Peter and John sound excited.

7        The lions were sleeping peacefully.             seem                      The lions seemed sleeping.

8        The chicken was coked splendidly.             taste                      The chicken tasted splendid.

Drill 3                                   

1 I’ll write the book in six months.                  It’ll take me six months to write the book.

2 He drove to London in two hours.               It took him two hours to drive to London.

3 They do the trip in thirty minutes.               It takes them thirty minutes to do the trip.

4 We’ll do the job in three days.                      It’ll take us three days to do the job.

5 She cooked the meal in half an hour.         It took her half an hour to cook the meal.

6 You can fly to Spain in an hour and a half. It takes you an hour and a half to fly to Spain.

7 He’ll finish his studies in three years.          It’ll take him three years to finish his studies.

8 They walked to the station in a few minutes. It took them a few minutes to walk to the station.


Drill 4


1 I am very interested in the course.                               The course is very interesting.

2 The boys were really excited by the match.              The match was really exciting.

3 The children are quite fascinated by the story.         The story is quite fascinating.

4 We were rather surprised at the price.                         The price was rather surprising.

5 I was really amazed at the difference.                       The difference was really amazing.

6 He is very worried by the report.                                  The report is very worrying.

7 We were quite bored by the lesson.                             The lesson was quite boring.

8 They were really thrilled by the film.                           The film was really thrilling,


Drill 5                                   


1 Does she like tea or coffee?                                                      She prefers tea to coffee.

2 Do they enjoy visiting museums or going to the theatre?    They prefer visiting museums to going to the theatre.

3 Do you like swimming or sunbathing?                                    I prefer swimming to sunbathing.

4 Does he like cooking himself or eating in restaurants?        He prefers cooking himself to eating in restaurants.

5 Do they drink beer or wine?                                                      They prefer beer to wine.

6 Does he normally walk or take buses?                                    They prefer walking to taking buses.

7 Do they eat onions or garlic?                                                    They prefer onions to garlic.

8 Do they wear yellow or red shirts?                                           They prefer yellow to red shirts.                                                       

Exercise 1


It was raining when I woke up last Saturday. It always rains when I am not working. We had planed to go to the seaside, but in the end we decided to go to the theatre instead. We missed the bus, and arrived late. We had arranged to meet Joe outside the theatre and he had been waiting for twenty minutes when we got there. The play had already start when we went in. It’s Monday again today, and I am working as usual. I have been sitting here in the office for the last two hours, but I have not done much work yet - I feel (am feeling) too fed up to work. I have already had my holiday this year. I went to Scotland in July and, of course, it rained (was raining) every day. Tomorrow I am going to book (I’ll book) a holiday for next April in Spain.


Exercise 2


1        We got accustomed to (stand) up all day long.

2        You won’t get away with (steal) that book.

3        We used to (enjoy) ourselves before they objected to us (sing)

4        I am looking forward to (begin) my new job.

5        He was busy (clean) the car when I arrived.

6        We couldn’t help (notice) that he hadn’t washed his face.

7        We didn’t go in because we were afraid of (disturb) them.

8        He used to (cook) for himself, but now he is used to (eat) in restaurants.               


Exercise 3


1        She does (did) the housework while Robin is (was) at school.

2        My father came to the school to see the headmaster yesterday.

3        Peter has been in hospital for three weeks now.

4        His friends went to the hospital to see him every Saturday.

5        They sent the thief to prison for six months.

6        The murderer has been prison since the end of the war.

7        I go to church every Sunday . I saw Mrs. Smith while I was at church last week.

8        The stranger asked me the way to the church.


Exercise 4


1        The roses smelt beautiful.

2        He was trying hard, but it seemed impossible for him to win.

3        The news sounded serious, but he didn’t appear worried.

4        He drove home hurriedly before it grew dark.

5        You look very well after the holiday.

6        The meat looks good but it doesn’t taste good.

7        The fire was burning bright but it didn’t feel warm there.

8        They arrived late. The coffee tasted fine but it was getting cold.


Exercise 5


Example:         He became hungry.        (a. get b. grow)   

                                           a)He got hungry.            b) He grew hungry.


1        a) The weather got much colder b)The weather grew much colder c)The weather turned much colder

3 a) He is getting angrier                   b) He is growing angrier                     

4 a) He grew deaf                               b) He went deaf                  

5            a)Her hair grew white.                    b)Her hair went white.                   c)He hair turned white.                      

5. a)The bread has got stale and the milk is getting sour.

a)The bread has gone stale and the milk is getting sour.

6        a) John is growing much taller.     b) John is getting much taller.                           

7        a) The corn got yellow.                  b) The corn went yellow           c) The corn turned yellow                

8        a) The days get longer                    b) The days grow longer in the spring             


Exercise 6

1 He will never recover from this shock. He prefers death to dishonour.

2 I thought I was late, but, on the contrary, I was very early because my watch was fast.

3 He raced to the station, but his watch was slow, so he didn’t get there in time to catch the train.

4 If you haven’t booked a seat in advance, you’ll have to take pot luck. when you get to the theatre.

5 If you put it by for me I’ll come with more money tomorrow.

6 I thought he was dying of cancer but he’s out and about again now.

7 We must go to the club straight away, John always arrives in time now.

8 He’s not much of... a student; there’s no doubt about it.

9 The nights drew in and the winter was clearly on the way.

10 The years flashed past and all of a sudden it was time for him to leave school.




Pronunciation Exercise

1 eat (b)      2 fills (a)      3 live (a)      4 sit   (a)

5 seek (b)      6 beat (b)      7 team (b)      8 slip (a)

Drill I


1         No, they’ll have built it by the end of the year.       

6 No, but I’ll have spent it by tomorrow.

3         No, but he’ll have arrived there by seven o’clock.

7 No, but I’ll have done them by this evening. 

No, but she’ll have cooked it by the time they arrive.

No, but they’ll have completed it by next spring.

7         No, but it’ll have stopped by his afternoon.

8         No, but she’ll have had it by the end of the month.

Drill 2                   


1 Yes, I met some relatives of Jane's.

2 Yes, it's a hobby of mine.

3 Yes, he’s a boyfriend of Mary’s.

4 Yes, it’s a favourite dish of hers.

5 Yes’ I’ll invite some friends of yours to the party.

6 Yes, I’ve got a suitcase of John’s in my car.

7 Yes, he’s a uncle of theirs.

8 Yes, it’s a dress of my mothers.

Drill 3                                           


1 By midday I'll have been waiting for three hours.        

2         By July she'll have been learning English for four years.            

3         By Monday they’ll have been staying here for six weeks.    

4         By Christmas they’ll have been living here for four years.

5         By tea-time he’ll be playing tennis for four hours.

6         By next June she’ll have been studying in London for two years.

7         By breakfast-time he’ll have been sleeping for nine hours.

8         By seven o’clock you’ll have been talking non-stop for two hours.

Drill 4                


1         Yes, you can put it wherever you like.

2         No, he can do it however he likes.

3         Yes, you can take whichever (chair) you like.

4         No, he can come whenever he likes.

5         Yes, you can invite whoever you like.

6         No, you can tell whoever you like.

7         Yes, they can do whatever they like.

8         No, they can wear whatever they like.

Drill 5               


1         No. I won't have decided by then.   

2         No. They won't have dressed by then.

3         No. He won’t have repaired it by then.

4         No. They won’t have finished school by then.

5         No. they won’t have woken up by then.

6         She won’t have eaten by then.

7         No. It won’t have landed by then.

8         No. I won’t have made up my mind by then.

Written Exercise Answers

Exercise I

I         We will (‘ll) have finished

2         The lesson will have started by now.

3         he‘ll have been living

4         They won’t have realised.

5         he’ll have begun school. 

6         They have been travelling

7         you won’t have heard

8         She’ll have had

Exercise 2 

I         He’ll have eaten

2         We’ll have been flying

2    when the children have gone to sleep.

4         After the rain has stopped.

5         As soon as you have done.

6         When he has worked (has been working)

7         The moment I have drunk.

8         The play will have begun

Exercise 3

I         It's not a secret. You can tell whoever you like.

2         He can do it at six or at seven or at whatever time he wants.

3         We can go to the zoo or wherever you choose.

4         I've got six drills. You can borrow whichever one you like.

5         However hard he tries, he cannot pass the exam.

6         You can come and see me whenever you like. I’m not busy this week.

7         Whoever comes first can choose the best seat.

8         He's got plenty of money. He can buy whichever (whatever) car he wants.

Exercise 4


I         She was reading some of my letters.

2         He was talking to one of your colleagues.

3         He danced with one of John's girlfriends.

4         We wrote to some of our uncles.

5         They gave him some of Simon's old clothes.

6         He tried on some of their coats.

7         I borrowed one of his ties.

8         They stole some of her jewellery.

Exercise 5



left fell offered planned cut fitted entered stopped travelled happened occurred spread felt lived heard led flew preferred flowed

Exercise 6


I         The boss in particular wants to see the new office in use soon.

2         He has been engaged in business for some years.

3         We will soon be free from (of)... for ever.

4         I spend my holidays at the seaside, usually in a small town on the south coast.

5         He was in charge of twenty men and he was proud of his position.

6         He led a dog's life and depended on help from a few friends.

7         If you want to get on in life, you must learn to deal with some strange people.

8         By the sound of it, he takes a pride in his family.

9         Perhaps he will stay in this job for a while, but you can't rely on him.

10      He was talking such rubbish that, in the end, I told him angrily off.

11      It never occurred to me that I would come across these people again a few years later.

12      He takes after his father. He will be just like him when he grows up.



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