What about the Prime Minister?




Drill 1


1   Do they have lunch at one o’clock?                           generally             Yes, they generally have lunch at one o’clock.

2         Is John working in the garden?                    still                        Yes, John’s still working in the garden.

3         Is he late for lunch?                                       always                  Yes,he’s always late for lunch.       

4         Do you cook in the evening?                        usually                 Yes,I usually cook in the evening.                  

5         Are we hungry at night?                                often                Yes, we’re often hungry at night.

6         Has Peter finished his lunch?                       already                Yes, Peter’s already finished his lunch.

7         Does Susan eat potatoes?                             sometimes           Yes,Susan sometimes eats potatoes.

8         Can you eat two potatoes for dinner?        always           Yes, I can always eat two potatoes for                                                                                                                                 dinner.   

Drill 2


1         I want somepotatoes.              bread                    But I don’t want any bread.

2         He’s bringing some lemonade.     whisky                  But he isn’t bringing any whisky.

3         They usually give him some milk. wine                      But they don’t usually give him any wine.

4         We’re taking some sandwiches.   bottles of beer    But we aren’t taking any bottles of beer.

5         He wants some peas.                     tomatoes              But he doesn’t want any tomatoes.

6         There’s some milk in the fridge.   butter               But there isn’t any butter in the fridge.

7         They need some paper.                 pencils             But they don’t need any pencils.

8         They’re writing some papers.       cards                     But they aren’t writing any cards.

Drill 3

1         We’re going for a picnic on Sunday.           every Sunday     We go for a picnic every Sunday.

2         We are leaving early in the morning.          usually                 We usually leave early in the morning.

3         The children are coming with us.                 always                  The children always come with us.

4         I’m taking my fishing rod.                            sometimes           I sometimes take my fishing rod.

5         My wife’s cooking a chicken now.              every weekend   Shecooks a chicken every weekend.             

6         Tim’s bringing some beer.                             generally             Tim generally brings some beer.

7         He isn’t driving the car.                                 usually                 He doesn’t usually drive the car.

8    We aren’t staying out late.                                often                We don’t often stay out late.


Drill 4


1.        Felix plays golf every weekend.              now                                       Felix is playing golf now.

2.        Gertie cleans the house regularly.            this afternoon                     Gertie’s cleaning the house this afternoon.

3.        We often visit them.                                  today                                    We’re visiting them today.

4.        We sometimes go to the zoo.                  tomorrow morning           We’re going to the zoo tomorrow


5.        Our son usually comes with us.               tomorrow                            Our son’s coming with us tomorrow.

6.        My wife always makes some sandwiches. now                                 My wife’s making some sandwiches


7.        We get up early on Sundays.                   in the morning                   We’re getting up early in the morning.

8.        I don’t work on Saturdays.                      next Saturday                     I’m not working next Saturday.


Drill 5


1         We often go to the theatre.                                                           Do you often go to the theatre?

2         Jack’s going to see the new play next week.             Is Jack going to see the new play next week?

3         Sheila likes comedies.                                                    Does Sheila like comedies?

4         I’m buying the tickets tonight.                                     Are you buying the tickets tonight?

5         The show begins at eight o’clock.                                Does the show begin at eight o’clock?

6         Jack and Joyce are having a meal first.                     Are Jack and Joyce having a meal first?

7         They want to see a serious play.                                  Do they want to see a serious play?

8         We’re taking a taxi to the theatre.                               Are we taking a taxi to the theatre?

Written Exercise Answers

Exercise 1

1        John is going to the doctor’ today because he feels ill.

2        Jack often goes to the theatre. On Saturday he is going to see the new play.

3        In spring the days grow longer and the nights become warmer.

4         I ‘m catching the train to London this evening. It leaves at eight o’clock.

5        Ice floats on water, but iron does not float.

6         I hear you are going to France next week. Do you speak French?           

7         I understand a little, but I never practise so I do not speak very well.

8         Mr. Laker coming to tea today. Do you remember him?          


Exercise 2


1         I want some paper to write a letter.

2         He wants some milk and a teaspoon of sugar in his tea.

3         You need a sharp knife to cut some wood.

4         I’d like a cup of coffee and some water, please.

5         There’s some tea in the pot but there isn’t any coffee left.

6         Have you got any good ideas?

7         John gave me some good advice, but I didn’t take any notice.

8         I went to the manager to get some information.


Exercise 3


1         Those boys need to have their hair cut.

2         They planted some these in their gardens.

3         They bought some bottles of wine.

4         The information they gave us was incorrect

5         The furniture in these rooms is very old. We must buy some new tables and chairs.

6         Bottles are made of glass.

7         Fathers can give good advice to their sons.

8         They left their luggage on the chairs.


Exercise 4


1         There are some glasses in the cupboard. Would you fetch them?

2         It was very hot when I went out this morning.

3         It is difficult to speak English correctly, don’t you think?

4         It is warm today, but there are some clouds in the sky.

5         It is true that there are some difficult questions in this exercise.

6         It is possible that there will be another war soon.

7         It is difficult to understand why Gertie ever married him.

8         There was a fight in the street last week.


Exercise 5


1 I am still waiting for a answer to my questions.

2 Do dogs ever eat fruit for breakfast?

3 My mother does not often go to the theatre.

4 We have only got a few bottles of lemonade in the house.

5 He has already drunk a full bottle of whisky.

6 The weather is rarely cold at this time of the year.

7 The children generally do their homework at school.

8 That old man can hardly understand what you say.


Exercise 6                          

1         He thought he was late, but in fact he got to the station before the train left.

2         It’s late; I must be off to work now.

3         The doctors operated on the boy’s leg.

4         He stopped at a shop on the way; then he went on to the station.

5         That man is at least 80 years old.

6         I am very content with your progress.

7         Are you confident of finishing the exercise before tomorrow?

8         Please look after my luggage while I go to the toilet.

9         What’s on at the cinema tonight?

10      It’s raining so we’ll put off the picnic until next week.

11      They got up early in the morning and went for a swim before breakfast.  

12      He feeds his cat on fresh fish.          



Practice Section


Text One

university studies

finished his university studies

When Peter Parker finished his university studies,


secondary school

he began teaching in a secondary school.



Two years later, however,


during the long summer holidays

foreign students during the long summer holidays

a job teaching English to foreign students during the long summer holidays.


who offered him a job teaching English

he met someone who offered him a job teaching English

he met someone who offered him a job teaching English to foreign students during the long summer holidays.


Drill 1


1.        When did you go to France?                        last year               I went to France last year.

2.        When did he wear this tie?                            a week ago          He wore this tie a week ago.

3.        When did you offer him a job?                   on Monday          I offered him a job on Monday.

4.        When did she speak to my father?             yesterday             She spoke to your father yesterday.

5.        When did we invite Simon to lunch?          last Saturday      We invited Simon to lunch yesterday.

6.        When did the children come home?                           at four o’clock   The children came home at four o’clock.      

7.        When did John have lunch?                         an hour ago        John had lunch an hour ago.

8.        When did the war end?                                  in 1945                 The war ended in 1945.

Drill 2 (R)


1.     Have you been to Mexico?                                          No.                         No, I haven’t been to Mexico yet.

2.        Have you spoken to the manager?        Yes.                       Yes, I’ve already spoken to the manager.

3.        Have I told you the answer?                        No.                    No, you haven’t told me the answer yet.

4.        Have they had their holiday?                      No.                    No, they haven’t had their holiday yet.

5.        Have you decided where to go yet?            Yes.                   Yes, we’ve already decided where to go.

6.        Have we spent all the money?                     Yes.                   Yes, we’ve already spent all the money.

7.        Has Mary been to Ireland yet?                    Yes.                   Yes, Mary’s already been to Ireland.

8.       Have the children learned French?              No.                     No, the children haven’t learnt French yet.

Drill 3


1         How long have they worked here?              Monday                          They've worked here since Monday.

2         How long have you known him?                10 years                               I’ve known him for ten years.

3         How long have they lived there?                 1974                      They’ve lived here since 1974.

4         How long has he had that car?                    January                               He’s had this car since January.

5         How long has Mary been here?                   one o’clock      Mary’s been here since one o’clock.

6         How long has Jane been here?                     one hour              Jane’s been here for one hour.

7         How long have they waited for it?              two hours             they’ve waited for us for two hours.

8         How long have you waited for it?             two o’clock      I’ve waited for it since two o’clock.



Drill 4


1 Didn’t you see the Smiths last week?              

Yes, I saw the Smiths last week, but I haven’t seen them this week.

2 Didn’t he go to France last year?

Yes, he went to France last year, but he hasn’t been there this year.

3 Didn’t they study German last winter?

Yes, they studied German last winter, but they haven’t studied German this winter.

4 Didn’t John buy a new car last year?

Yes, John bought a new car last year, but he hasn’t bought a new car this year.

5 Didn’t you work hard last week?

Yes, I worked hard last week, but I haven’t worked hard this week.

6 Didn’t he play football last winter?

Yes, he played football last winter, but he hasn’t played football this winter.

7 Didn’t it rain last July?

Yes, it rained last July, but it hasn’t rained this July.

8 Didn’t it snow last February?

Yes, it snowed last February, but it hasn’t snowed this February.



Drill 5


1         Sheila plays the piano very well.     

2         She sang that song beautifully.

3         I like music very much.

4         Mary speaks Spanish fluently.        

5         The boys can do exercises easily.

6         They have done their work well.

7         They finished the job quickly.

8         I enjoy my lessons very much.


Exercise 1                                                                                                                                                


1         I bought a new tie last week, but I haven’t worn it yet.

2         He has already seen that film. He saw it when he was in London.

3         «When did you meet Mr. Smith?» «I met him the day before yesterday».

4         « Have you ever spoken to him?» «Yes. I spoke to him before the party”.

5         Peter has lived in Greece for the last three years. He lived in Africa before he went to Greece.

6         I have just had my lunch. I finished eating five minutes ago.

7         I have made five mistakes so far today. Yesterday I only make three mistakes altogether.

8         I have never played rugby in my life, but I played football when I was at school.             


Exercise 2

1         «Where is Jane?» «She has gone to the shops. She’ll be back soon».

2         «Have you ever been to America?» »Yes, I have been to New York several times.»

3         We have been in this class since September.

4         The Smiths have been in Paris for years now. They like it there.

5         John has gone to Oxford in his car. He is staying the night with friends.

6         I have been to Italy and I have been to Spain, but I haven’t been to Portugal yet.

7         How long have you been in this country?

8         The Hunts have gone to Australia to live. I’m sure they’ll be happier there.

Exercise 3


1         He came to Athens four years ago .

2         I have lived in this town for the last six months.

3         Peter has worked in Greece for three years now.

4         Two years ago I went to Spain for my holidays.

5         He has not finished his homework yet, although he started it two hours ago .

6        I played tennis for an hour and then I went for a swim. I have played a lot of tennis since the summer began.

7         They stayed in Paris for several days before they flew to Rome.

8         We have not seen John this morning, but we saw him a couple of days ago.


Exercise 4


1         The children took some cakes from the cupboard after breakfast.

2         He always sings loudly in the bath.

3         The Hunts have only got one car now.

4         The baby was born at 2 o’clock in the morning on 3rd June 1974.

5         The students usually come out of class noisily at four o’clock.

6         Jean generally sings that song beautifully .

7         My father likes classical music very much.

8         They understand French very well but they don’t speak it very easily.


Exercise 6

1         He is interested in languages, but he isn’t good at them.

2         He specialised in Roman history.

3         I didn’t like him at first, but I got on with him very well in the end.

4         We met by chance at the end of the holiday.

5         He is very well off. His money enables him to travel all over the world.

6         It’s difficult to adjust to the heat in such countries.

7         We are thinking of going to Sweden, but we haven’t made up our minds yet.

8         I want to have my room done up , but I’m too hard up at the moment.

9         We called in on Bill last week. He was pleased to see us.

10      Why don’t you visit me this summer? I could put you up for a few nights.

11      My son isn’t getting on very well at school.

12      I’ll tidy up the room and put your books away while I look for your tie.


Programme 3


Practice section

Text Two


           Mrs. Smith        Good morning, Mrs. Jones. / What splendid weather, isn’t it!

           Mrs. Jones        Yes, beautiful. / Some people are complaining though, of course.

           Mrs. Smith        Yes, it’s too hot… / or there’s not enough rain for the gardens…

           Mrs. Jones        O, have you heard about Patric Ellis? / He’s had another car accident!

           Mrs. Smith        No! How awful! / Was he driving too fast again?

           Mrs. Jones        I suppose so. / How wild the young men are these days!           

           Mrs. Smith        And what do you think of Eva Browning? / She’s getting married again!

           Mrs. Jones        What a dreadful woman she is! / Three divorces! / She’ll lose count at this rate!

           Mrs. Smith        Ah, but we won’ Mrs. Smith, will we, Mrs. Jones!


Drill 1(R)

1         I’m sitting down now.                                                    And when I came in?

           No, I wasn't sitting down when you came in.

2         He isn’t living in a flat now.                                          And a year ago?

               Yes, he was living in a flat a year ago.

3         John’s learning French now.                                         And last year?

               No, John wasn’t learning French a year ago.

4         They aren’t sleeping now.                                             And when Smiths arrived?

               Yes, they were sleeping when the

Smiths arrived.

5         The sun’s shining now.                                            And when you got up?

               No, the sun wasn’t shining when the Smiths arrived.

6         The children aren’t playing in the garden now.         And when it started to rain?

               Yes, the children were playing in the garden when it started to rain.

7         He’s talking to John now.                                             And when you saw him?

               No, he wasn’t talking to John when I saw him.

8         I’m not doing my homework now.                             And when I phoned?

           Yes, I was doing my homework when you phoned.

Drill 2(R)


She’s very beautiful.                      It’s terrible weather.

How beautiful she is!                     What terrible weather!


1         She’s very beautiful.                      How beautiful she is!

2         It’s terrible weather!                       What terrible weather!

3         He eats very quickly.                    How quickly he eats!

4         He’s a greedy boy.                         What a greedy boy!

5         They are trying very hard.            How hard they are trying!

6         That’s awful news.                         What awful news!

7         It’s very heavy.                               How heavy it is!

8         That’s a good idea.                        What a good idea!


Drill 3


I made the tea. John cleaned the car.

I was making the tea while John was cleaning the car.


It rained. I walked up the hill.

It was raining whileI was walking up the hill.


1         I made the tea. John cleaned the car.                         I was making the tea while John was cleaning car.

2         It rained. I walked up the hill.                                      It was raining whileI was walking up the hill.

3         They watched television. I wrote some letters.         They were watching television while I was writing some                                                                                                   letters.                                                                                   

4         You talked to Mary. I talked to John.                        You were talking to Mary while I was talking to John.                                                                                                                          

5         I had a holiday. He worked hard.                               I was having a holiday while he was working hard.                                                                                                                                                

6         You had a bath. The girls washed the dishes.           You were having a bath while the girls were washing the dishes.


7         Mary got ready. John fetched the car.                       Mary was getting ready while John was fetching the car.                                                                                                                                      

8         The house burnt down. You slept.                               The house was burning down while you were sleeping.




Drill 4


1         Have you got any money?           or time?                          I haven’t got much money, but I’ve got a lot of time.

2         Have they met any boys? or girls?                          They haven’t met many boys, but they’ve met a lot of girls.    

3         Do they eat any fish?    or meat?          They don’t eat much fish, but they eat a lot of meat.                

4         Did he catch any fish?   or boots?         They didn’t catch mush fish, but they caught a lot of fish.       

5         Do they plant any trees? or flowers?     They don’t plant many trees, but they plant a lot of flowers.   

6         Has he got any hair?      or teeth?          He hasn’t got much hair, but he’s got a lot of          teeth.

7         Did he drink any wine?  or beer?                          He didn’t drink much wine, but he drank a lot of beer.

8         Are you buying any dresses? or blouses? I’m not buying many dresses, but I’m buying a lot of blouses.


Drill 5


1         The doorbell rang. He left the house.                          The doorbell rang just as he was leaving the house.

2         He had an accident. He drove too fast.                     He had an accident because he was driving too fast.

3         He went out. I came in.                                                 He went out just as I was coming in.

4         He got wet. It rained.                                                     He got wet because it was raining.

5         It started to rain. I set off.                                             It started to rain just as I was setting off.

6         He didn’t see the bus. He looked at the map.                           He didn’t see the bus because he was looking at the map.

7         John called. I went to bed.                                            John called just as I was going to bed.

8         I didn’t hear you. I listened to the radio.                    I didn’t hear you because I was listening to the radio.


Exercise 1

Use Past Continuous where appropriate; if it is not suitable, use Past Simple


The students were talking excitedly when the teacher came in, but they stopped at once when the teacher speak. He walked across the room and began to write questions on the blackboard. While he was writing, the students were sitting down, taking out their pens and preparing themselves for the test. The teacher finished writing, sat down in front of the class and opened a book. He was reading his book the whole time while the students were answering the questions. When the bell rang at four o’clock, most of them were still writing. The teacher told them to stop working and he collected their answer papers. As they were leaving the room he began to correct the papers.


Exercise 2

1         There are a lot of people in the street.                                        There aren’t many people in the street.

2        I took a large number of photos while I was on holiday.        I didn’t take many photos while I was on holiday.    

3        The people were spending a lot of money.                                The people were not spending much money.

4         He gave me lots of help.                                                               He didn’t give me much help.

5         They’ve got plenty of whisky.                                                     They haven’t got mush whisky.

6         He can drink a great deal of wine.                                              He can’t drink much wine.

7         There was a large quantity of blood on the face.                     There wasn’t much blood on his face.

8         He saw a great many animals.                                                    He didn’t see many animals.


Exercise 3


1 He came to London on the 13th of June and left again in September.

2         They went out qt half past one; they’ll be back in ten minutes.

3         He plays cricket in summer and football in winter.

4         He always leaves early in the morning and comes back late at night.

5         He rests at the weekends but works hard from Monday to Friday.

6         He was born in the nineteenth century.

7         I’m working until six o’clock on Friday evening.

8         He’s busy at present. He’ll see you in 30 minutes' time.


Exercise 4


1         That man is very fat.                     How fat that man is! What a fat man!

2         Those houses are very old.           How old those houses are! What old houses!

3         That boy is really clever.               How clever that boy is! What a clever boy!

4         This tea is very strong.                   How strong this tea is! what strong tea!

5         Those people are really funny.    How funny those people are! What funny people!

Exercise 5


I had a great deal of work to do and I didn’t have much time to waste, so when my son began to ask a number of questions, I became rather angry. I told him he had lots of toys to play with and plenty of friends to go and see. As soon as he had gone, I took a quantity of magazines from my desk and tried to find an important article in one of them. I haven’t got much patience and I soon stopped searching. There was a lot of noise coming from the street outside my window, and when I looked out, I saw a large number of people gathered around a car. There had been an accident and there wasn’t large quantity much doubt that it was serious.

Exercise 6

1         She often complains about the weather.

2         I’m having difficulty in hearing what you say.

3         By the way, have you heard that John is getting married to Mary?

4         The car came round the corner at full speed.

5         As a matter of fact I didn’t do business with them after all.

6         You’ll soon get over your illness, but you must get to bed at... once.

7         We’re short of... time and we’ve nearly run out of money.

8         I’ll pick you up at seven o’clock and we’ll go to the cinema.

9         Hold on a minute while I write down your address on this piece of paper.

10      The car hit a tree and turned over. There was no other car ... in sight.

11      There’s a man at the door inquiring about you.

12      After the accident he didn’t come round for twenty minutes.


Programme 4


Practice Section

Text three


They were much too hard.

They are all over now, except for the results.

I couldn’t look at another book for months.

That’s the trouble with you.


Malcolm:         How did you get on in the exams, Pete?

Pete:                  They were much too hard up. I’m sere I’ve failed.

Malcolm:         Oh no, of course you haven’t, they were dead easy.

Pete:                  Well, they are all over now, except for the results, of course.

Malcolm:         Yes, now I’ll have enough time for my own reading.

Pete:                  Reading! I couldn’t look at another book for months!

Malcolm:         Well, I’ve got to do some serious work if I’m going to Oxford..

Pete:                  You never stop; that’s the trouble with you.




1         John’s still waiting for Mary.                        How long has he been waiting for her?

2         They’re all sitting in the garden.                   How long have they been sitting there?

3         He’s still working in that office.                   How long has he been working there?

4         We’re living in London now.                        How long have you been lining there?

5         Mary’s still staying at the Grand Hotel.     How long has she been staying there?

6         Mrs. Smith is still talking to Mrs. Jones.      How long has she been talking to her?

7         Peter’s still reading that book.                      How long has he been reading it?

8         That fire’s still burning.                                  How long has it been burning?         


Drill 2(R)


1         That car is very expensive. I can’t buy it.                        That car is too expensive for me to buy.

2         Those cases are very heavy. The children can’t carry them. Those cases are too heavy for the children

3         The coffee is very hot. John can’t drink it.                                The coffee is too hot for John to drink.

4         This question is too difficult.                                                        The question is too difficult for them to answer.

5         These oranges are very sour. We can’t eat them.                     These oranges are too sour for us to eat.

6         This hat is very small. I can’t wear it.                                         This hat is too small for me to wear.

7         The hotel is very far away. You can’t walk to it.                     The hotel is too far away for you to walk to.

8         That tree is very high. John can’t climb it.                                 That tree is too high for John to climb.


Drill 3


1         The water is too cold to swim in.                 The water isn’t warm enough to swim in.

2         This suit is too expensive for him to buy.  This suit isn’t cheap enough for him to buy.

3         John is too young to see that film.              John isn’t old enough to see that film.

4         She is too ugly to be a film star.                   She isn’t beautiful enough to be a film star.

5         This case is too heavy for me to carry.      This case isn’t light enough for me to carry.

6         That man is too weak to lift this box.         That man isn’t strong enough to lift this box.

7         This bikini is too small for me to wear?      This bikini isn’t big enough for me tp wear.

8         Our dog is too slow to catch that cat.         Our dog isn’t fast enough to catch that cat.


Drill 4


1 Is John still sleeping?                                                  hours                    Yes, he’s been sleeping for hours.

2 Is Mary still writing letters?                                        two o’clock      Yes, she’s been writing letters since two o’clock

3 Are you still living in Scotland now?                        a year                   Yes, I’ve been living in Scotland for a year.

4 Are you still working for the same company?       I left school         Yes, I’ve been working for the same company                                                                                                     since left school. 

5 Are they still trying to learn French?                        ten years              Yes, I’ve been trying to learn French for ten                                                                                                                        years.

6 Are they all sitting in the garden?                             lunch time       Yes,I’ve been sitting in the garden since lunch                                                                                                                   time.

7 Is he still playing tennis?                                            ten o’clock       Yes, he’s been playing tennis since ten o’clock.

8 Is John still waiting for Mary?                      more than an hour   Yes, John’s been waiting for Mary for more than    

                                                                                                                      an hour.


Drill 5


They serve red wine here. I like red wine.                                   I like the red wine they serve here.

He grows roses in his garden . I love roses.                                I love the roses he grows in his garden.

We study History at school. John hates History.                      John hates the history we study at school.

My son writes poetry. I don’t understand poetry.                    I don’t understand the poetry my son writes.

Her husband composes. She can’t stand music.                      She can’t stand the music her sun writes.

This firm builds modern houses. I like modern houses.          I like the modern houses my firm builds.

This group plays pop music. I adore pop music.                     I adore the music this group plays.

My mother makes cheese. I like cheese.                                    I like the cheese my mother makes.


Exercise 1


1         It was still raining when I came in just now. It has been raining all morning.

2         I have been sitting here waiting for you for nearly an hour. I have already drunk four whiskies.

3         What have you been doing all this time? I have not seen you for weeks.

4         They have not worked for several days now. They have been too ill.

5         It has not rained for a month now. The grass is very dry .

6         They have been going to this pub every evening for the last ten years.

7         Peter has been writing letters since two o’clock. He has already written five letters.

8         I have been sleeping for the last two hours and I have not woken up properly yet.


Exercise 2


1         That girl is beautiful enough to become a film star.

2         It’s too hot to sit in the sun.

3         This book is too boring to read.

4         That woman is too fat to get through the door.

6         He hasn’t done enough work to pass the exam.          

7         I’m hungry enough to eat a horse.

8         My uncle has got enough money to buy an aeroplane.                                                              


Exercise 3


Peter went to the shops in Oxford Street yesterday. First of all he went into a large department store to buy some trousers and a pair of socks. He bought a nice pair of grey socks, but he couldn’t find any trousers in the colours he likes. He likes dark blue; he doesn’t like bright colours generally. Next he went to a supermarket to buy a piece of cheese and a bottle of wine. He loves wine, but the trouble is that he prefers white wine while the rest of the family prefers red wine.

The wine he bought last week was very good but very expensive. Finally he went to the library to borrow a book. He often reads books about art. Last week he borrowed a book called the History of European Architecture. This week he wants a book on Japanese painting.


Exercise 4


1 This is my father’s letter.

2 Here is James’s French teacher.

3 That is their parents’ car

4 There is the top of the hill.

5 Here are men’s tools

6 That is an hour’s work.

7 This John’s father’s book.

8 It is a twenty minutes walk.

9 This is the middle of the town.

10 These are students’ papers.


Exercise 5


1         You must make an effort or you will fail the exam.

2         I did my best, but I didn’t finish in time.

3         He made a fortune by selling second-hand clothes.

4         He made up his mind to go to Canada.

5         My flat needs painting. I’m going to do it up next week.

6         Have you made arrangements for the holidays yet?

7         Will you do me a favour?

8         I haven’t got a big hammer. Will this small one do ?


Exercise 6


1        I am not keen on studying, but I’m sitting an exam next week, so I have to read about all sorts of boring things I am not interested in for hours on end.

2        ‘Mary is pretty fond of John, but she’s crazy about Peter.’ ‘What does she think of me?’

3         At the last moment we went to a Chinese restaurant for a change.

4         James is bored with his work. What about Malcolm?

5        I always worry about money, but my wife doesn’t care how much she spends on clothes.

6        He’s trying to give up smoking, but he isn’t to succeed . In other words he has no will-power.

7         We took up tennis for a month or so, but we            aren’t cut out for athletic games.

8         This paper only comes out once a week.

9         It’s your own fault if you don’t take a break from time to time. You should take an occasional afternoon off.

10      In my opinion he’s a bore, but you can invite him if you like. It’s up to you.



Practice Section

Text One

our new address

to let you know our new address

I’m just writing to let you know our new address,

        next Saturday

house-warming party next Saturday

and to invite you to our house-warming party next Saturday.


      lack of warning

I’m sorry about the lack of warning,

moving house

but we’ve been busy moving house


anything else

little time for anything else

and I’ve had little time for anything else.

I’m sorry about the lack of warning,

I’m sorry about the lack of warning,

I’m sorry about the lack of warning, but we’ve been busy moving house and I’ve had little time for anything else.

Drill 1


1         Have they got any chocolate?                Yes, they’ve got a little chocolate.

2         Have you bought any new chairs?             Yes, I’ve bought a few new chairs. 

3         Do they need any money?                                           Yes, they need a little money.

4         Are they making any progress?                   Yes, they are making a little progress.

5         Have I made any mistakes?                        Yes, you’ve made a few mistakes.

6         Did he ask for any information?                 Yes, he asked for a little information.

7         Did he give him any advice?                        Yes, I gave him a little advice.

8         Did you tell them any lies?                           Yes, I told them a few lies.



Drill 2(R)    


1    Who did you give the books to?             Peter?                             I gave the books to Peter.

2         Who did he lend the hammer to?                Mr. Williams?               He lent the hammer to Mr. Williams.

3         Who did she buy that tie for?                       Uncle Tom?                        She bought that tie for Uncle Tom.

4         Who’s she sending this letter to?                  Her boyfriend?                  She’s sending this letter toher                                                                                                                                                 boyfriend.                                            

5         Who’s he bringing that ice-cream for?       That fat boy?                     He’s bringing that ice cream for that                                                                                                                                     boy.

6         Who are you writing this card to?                Your brother?                    I’m writing this post card to my                                                                                                                                              brother. 

7         Who have you made that pullover for?     Your nephew?                I’ve made this pullover for my nephew.

8         Who was she cooking the eggs for?            Her husband?                 She was cooking the egg for her



Drill 3


1. Is there any whisky in the bottle?                  I’m afraid there’s very little whisky in the bottle.

2. Did we see any pubs on the way here?               I’m afraid there’re very few pubs on the way here.

3. Is there any time left now?                                   I’m afraid there’s very little time left now.

4. Isn’t there anything any of us can do?              I’m afraid there’s very little any of us can do.

5. Did you find any flowers in the wood?              I’m afraid I found very few flowers in the wood.

6. Haven’t they done any work today?                 I’m afraid I’ve done very little work today.

7. Did he tell any funny stories?                               I’m afraid he told very few funny stories.

8. Wasn’t he any help to any of them?                  I’m afraid he was very little help to any of them.

Drill 4


Pass this plate to John, please.                     Pass John this plate, please.

I didn’t send any money to my son.                           I didn’t send my son any money.

You haven’t ordered a drink for me.          You haven’t ordered me a drink for.

They didn’t serve breakfast to us in bed.   They didn’t serve us breakfast in bed.

John lent his car to his girlfriend.                 John lent his girlfriend his car.                          

The manager offered a job to my husband. The manager offered my husband a job.                      

Did you get a sandwich for me?                  Did you get me a sandwich?                            

I’m writing a letter to him tomorrow.          I’m writing him a letter tomorrow.                  


Drill 5


1. I last smoked a month ago.                                  You haven’t smoked a cigarette for a month.

2. They last came to see us on Christmas.             They haven’t come to see us since Christmas.

3. I last played football a year ago.                        I haven’s played football for a year.

4. He last ate at six o’clock this morning.              He hasn’t eaten since six o’clock this morning.

5. We last had a holiday three years ago.              We haven’t had a holiday for three years.

6. John last saw Mary on Monday evening.          John hasn’t seen Mary since Monday evening.

7. I last had a bath a week ago.                               I haven’t had a bath for a week.

8. You last kissed me six months ago.                    You haven’t kissed me for six months.


Written Exercise answers

Exercise 1


Charles and Barbara Williamslive at a village called Harpole. They have only lived (have only been living) there for a few weeks. Theyarrivedon the 28th of August and they quickly arranged the furniture in their new house. They have not made many friends yet, but they think that they soon will. The neighbours have been very kind so far, and Mr. Williamsis inviting (has invited)some of them to a party he is holding next week. His friends from London and Oxford are coming to the party. The Williams family lived (was/were living) in London before they came to Harpole. Mr. Williams did not likeliving in London. While he was visiting some friends in Southampton last year, he met a company director who offered him a job. Mrs. Williams wanted to stay in London, but when they arrive in the village, the sun was shining and she is already beginning (has already begun) to enjoy the country surroundings.


Exercise 2




1         I lent my car to John.

2         My uncle wrote us a letter before Christmas.

3         The lady cut a piece of cake for me.

4         I always read a story to my son before he goes to bed.

5         We sold our boat to Mr. Williams.

6         Hand that screwdriver to me, please.                             

7         My wife made a pullover for me.

8         I owe my brother ten pounds.


Exercise 3


1         I’m busy today, but I have a little time to spare tomorrow.

2         Few people understand international politics, although a lot of people study the subject.

3         There’s no brandy left, but you can have a little whisky.

4         There’s little hope of finding the lost men now.

5         It was very cheap. It only cost a few pounds.

6         My guests left early, but there were still a few people there at midnight.

7         Few of us have any idea what he was talking about.

8         He had little interest in any kind of sport.


Exercise 4


Yesterday afternoon I went to the airport to meet Pierre who was coming from Paris to spend a few days with me. I arrived at the airport at two o’clock, went into a waiting room and sat down. When it was announced that the plane was an hour late, I decided to go for a stroll. I got up, walked across the room and out of the door. I was just walking away from the building, when I saw an old friend coming towards me. We chattered for a moment, then went back inside and up some steps to (into) the bar on the first floor directly above the waiting room, where we had a few drinks, while from time to time aeroplanes roared over our heads.

Suddenly I remembered Pierre. We rushed down the steps out of the waiting room below. At the information desk I was told that the plane from Paris had arrived 40 minutes earlier. I hurried out of the building, got into my car and drove rapidly away. When I arrived home I found Pierre sitting on his suitcase outside my front door.


Exercise 5


1         He bought a book and some chocolates for his mother, but he had little money left for any other presents. 

2         I opened a few windows to let in some fresh air.

3         Few of the students knew any of the answers.

4        Tomorrow there’ll be a little free time to do some shopping, but today there isn’t a moment to spare for any other business.

5        He wrote few letters to any of his family, but he sent a few cards to some of his friends.


Exercise 6


1         It’s a nice house if you can put up with the noise of the traffic on the main road.

2         In spite of the heavy traffic, we got there in an hour.

3         I’m fed up with the weather and tired of my job.

4         When you see a hotel on the left, slow down and, just after it, turn to the right.

5         If you give me a hand with the sandwiches, I’m prepared to carry on till everything’s ready.

6         Move your car, please. It’s in. the way and I can’t pass, and in any case you can’t park there.

7         I’ll fix this piece of metal in place and tighten up these screws.

8         After stopping to find out exactly where they were, they went on at full speed.


Programme 6

Practice section

Text Two

Ron: What’s up with my car, Sid? / I can’t make is start.

Sid:    Oh yes, I see what’s wrong. / I’ll put it right for a pound.

Ron: All right. Will it take long?

Sid:    No. I’ll just change there wires… / and connect this one here, and that one there. / It’ll start now, no trouble at


Ron: But you only took twenty seconds! / Shall I pay you now?

Sid:    Yes, please, / and remember – it’s not for what i Did, it’s for what I know!

Drill 1


1 Do you intend washing the car tomorrow?                Yes, I’m going to wash the car tomorrow.

2         I’m certain it’ll rain this afternoon.                             Yes, it’s going to rain this afternoon.

3        Do you intend leaning French at night school?         Yes, they are going to learn French at night school.     

4        We’re sure there’ll be another war soon.                    Yes, there’s going to be another war soon.

5        Does he intend to by a new suit?                                 Yes, he’s going to buy a new suit.

6        We’re certain we’ll be late again.                                 Yes, you’re going to be late again.

7        Do they mean to come home early?                                           Yes, they’re going to come home early.

8        Do you mean to sell your house?                                Yes, I’m going to sell my house.


Drill 2


1 We’ll get to the station and then we’ll have a drink. when  When we get to the station, we’ll have a drink.

2 John will clean the car and Mary will cook the lunch. while  While John cleans the car, Mary will cook the lunch. 

3 Mary will be ready soon and we’ll be able to start. when  When Mary is ready, we’ll be able to start.

4 The bell will ring and they will leave the room. the moment The moment the bell rings, they’ll leave the room.

5 The Smiths will arrive soon and we’ll begin. as soon as  As soon as the Smiths arrive, we’ll begin.

6 They’ll read the book and they’ll know the answer. when When they read the book, they’ll know the answer.

7 He’ll study hard and he’ll pass the exam.              if        If they study hard, they/ll pass the exam.

8 We’ll finish work and then we’ll go to the pictures. as soon as As soon as we finish work, we’ll go to the pictures.

Drill 3


1 Let’s open the windows.                        Shall we open the windows?

2 I’d like you to give me a hand.            Will you give me a hand, please?

3 Do you want me to tell the truth?        Shall I tell the truth?

4 We’d like you to tell us the truth.         Will you tell us the truth?

5 Let’s help them..                                Shall we help them?                           

6 I’d like you to come with me.              Will you come with me?

7 Do you want me to pour the drinks?  Shall I pour the drinks?     

8 We’d like you to teach us French.       Will you teach us French?


Drill 4


I’m not going anywhere special tonight.                                                    I’m going nowhere special tonight.

They didn’t say anything important at the meeting.                               They said nothing important at the meeting.

John didn’t tell anyone what he knew.                                                       John told no one what he knew.

We don’t want any trouble.                                                                          We want no trouble.

Mary didn’t dance with anybody at all.                                                    Mary danced with nobody at all.

You took two sandwiches, but I didn’t take any.                                    You took two sandwiches, I took none.

Joe didn’t drink any whisky, but John drank a lot.                            Joe drank no whisky, but John drank a lot.   

I wanted to go to Spain, but in the end I didn’t go anywhere at all.     I wanted to go to Spain, but in the end I went nowhere at all.

Drill 5


1. Do you want a new or a second-hand car?                       I don’t want a new car. I want a second-hand one.

2. Do they like old or new houses?                                          They don’t like old houses. They like new ones.

3. Did he buy a red or a blue shirt?                                          He didn’t buy a red shirt. He bought a blue one.

4. Does she wear old-fashioned or modern dresses?            She doesn’t wear old-fashioned dresses. She wears new                                                                                          ones.

5. Will you write me a long or a short letter?                          I won’t write you a long letter. I’ll write you a short one.

6. Would she like a big or a small dog?                                   I wouldn’t like a big dog. I’d like a small one.

7. Do they go to see serious or funny stories?                        They don’t go to see serious stories. They go to see funny                                                                                        ones.

8. Has your boyfriend got a straight or a crooked nose?    My boyfriend hasn’t got a straight nose. He’s got a crooked one.


Written Exercise Answers


Exercise 1

1         It’s late. I think I‘ll take a taxi.

2         Look at the weather! The sea (will be / is going to be) very rough this afternoon.

3         They (will be / are going to be) seasick on the boat.

4         That case is very heavy. I’ll help you to carry it.

5         I’m too busy today, but I ‘ll do it tomorrow - I promise.

6         Although I’ve asked them nicely, they won’t move their car.

7         I don’t like the Smiths so I (shan’t (won’t) / I’m not going to) speak to them at the party tonight.

8         John will know what to do.


Exercise 2


«The moment the sun rises , we’ll get up and dress. While you prepare breakfast I’ll pack the bags. We ‘ll set off as soon as everyone is ready. We won’t stop until it is time for lunch. While we have lunch, we’ll discuss our plans for the day after tomorrow. When we finish eating, we’ll sleep for an hour. We’ll hurry during the afternoon, while it is still daylight, and if the weather is bad, we’ll put on our raincoats. As soon as it gets dark , we’ll make camp. Before everybody goes to sleep, we’ll have another discussion.»«Won’t we have any dinner?»


Exercise 3




There’s no tea in the pot.

There isn’t any tea in the pot.


I didn’t go anywhere last week.

I went nowhere last week..


1         He found nothing at all.

2         I didn’t meet anybody interesting at the party.

3         They’d like some more beer, but there is none left.

4         They didn’t go anywhere at all during the daylight.

5         You made no mistakes at all.

6         My brother doesn’t know anyone in this group.

7         Peter’s got lots of chocolate, but I’ve not got any at all.

8         He eats no vegetables.

Exercise 4


1         Do you want a red rose or a white one?

2         Would you like red wine or white?

3         John doesn’t want any wine, but Peter wants some .

4         Quickly, my trousers! Pass them to me, please!

5         The big oranges are lovely, but I don’t like the small ones .

6         There are three small melons and one big one. I’d like a small one .

7         Do you like cakes? Here are some nice fresh ones .

8         The big one is better than those small ones . I’ll take it.


Exercise 5

Choose one alternative - a), b), c), or d) - for the underlined words


1        We are hard up this month.          b)haven’t got much money

2        He gave notice to his boss c          ) told his boss he was leaving

3        I’m fed up with this                        c)I no longer like 

4        That man is very well off              d) has a lot of money

5        Can you put them up for a night? b) give them a

6        It’s a good job he did it yesterday a) Fortunately he did it


Exercise 6


1         Get a move on or we’ll be late again! What’s up with the woman?

2         There’s no point in hurrying, they won’t be here for ages yet.

3         Let’s see these two letters now, and I’ll try to get round to the others tomorrow.

4         If you .are at a loose end tonight, come round to my house for a drink.

5         Thank you for your help. Is there anything I can do in return?

6         What’s wrong John? He could put this right in a jiffy if he tried.

7         The police will catch him. He won’t get through with it.

8         Borrow my car be all means, but fill her up with petrol first of all. And be careful; the tyres are nearly worn out.


Programme 7

Practice Section

Text Three

I’m scared stiff of the journey.

They fly so high and fast.

I’d rather prefer to go by luxury liner.

I’d rather be seasick than dead.


Susan:               Looking forward to your trip, Julie?

Julie:                  Yes, but I’m scared stiff of the journey.

Susan:               Why? How often are the plane crashes? Once a year?

Julie:                  When they fly so high and fast, once is enough!

Susan:               Yes, but there are fewer deaths per year than there are road casualties per day.

Julie:                  Well, I’d prefer to go by luxury liner, like QE 2.

Susan:               Are you a good sailor?

Julie:                  I don’t know, but I’d rather be sea-sick than dead.


Drill 1


1         The British will be holding an election next month.                 They won’t be holding an election next month.

What about the French?

2         The Queen won’t be speaking on television tonight.               He’ll be speaking on television tonight.

What about the Prime Minister?

3         My family will be listening to the speeches.                              I won’t be listening to the speeches.

What about you?

4         I’ll be trying to turn the television off.                                        She won’t be trying to turn the television off.

What about your wife?

5         The Socialists will be introducing nationalisation.                    They won’t be introducing nationalisation.

What about Liberals?

6         They won’t be talking about inflation.                                       They’ll be talking about prosperity.

What about prosperity?

7         They’ll be promising higher salaries.                                           They won’t be promising higher prices.

           What about higher prices?

8         They won’t be talking sense.                                                        They’ll be talking nonsense.

           What about nonsense?

Drill 2(R)


1. He’s a fast driver.                   Yes, he drives very fast.

2. They’re slow walkers.            Yes, they walk very slowly.

3. You’re a hard worker.            Yes , I work very hard.

4. He’s a quiet talker.                 Yes, he talks very quietly.

5. They’re early starters.            Yes, they start very early.

6. She’s a careful writer.            Yes, she writes very carefully.

7. These birds are high fliers.     Yes, those birds fly very high.

8. You’re a quick thinker.          Yes, I think very quickly.

Drill 3


1         He’s sleeping now.                        when I arrive tonight       He’ll be sleeping when you arrive tonight.

2         She’s wearing a new dress.           at a party tomorrow         She’ll be wearing a new dress at the party              


3         Steve’s lying in the sun.                                                                Steve’ll be lying in the sun while Terry’s        

while Terry’s working hard                                                           working hard.

4         We’re having lunch.                       at one o’clock                     We’ll be having lunch at one o’clock..

5         The boys are playing tennis.         until five o’clock                               The boys’ll be playing tennis until five o’clock.

6         I’m writing letters.                           all day tomorrow              I’ll be writing letters all day tomorrow.

7         You’re watching television.          until midnight                    You’ll be watching television until midnight.

8         They’re sitting an exam.               in June                                 They’ll be sitting an exam in June.


Drill 4

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