III. How do you feel about living in the hall of residence? Choose the appropriate letter and describe Pros/Cons of living in it.




A                                       B                                       C

Practice set 4

WHAT’S YOUR BODY AGE?

    You know how many years ago you were born, but do you know your body’s age? According to health experts, we have two ages – a birth age and a biological age that’s affected by how we treat our bodies. Madonna’s 45years old, but her body age is 35.

 

    I. Read the questionnaire and answer the questions below, adding or subtracting the numbers after your answer from your actual age

How many friends can you share problems with?

None (+1 year)

1–3 (–0.5)

4 or over (–1)

How many hugs or kisses do you get a week?

None (+1)

1–3 (–0.5)                                       

4 or over (–1)

At what age do you expect to die?

Under 75 (+2)

76–90 (+1)

91–99 (+0)

Over 100 (–2)

Can you touch your toes with your legs straight?

Easily (–1)

If I push myself (+0)

Almost (+0.5)

Between 1–2 inches away (+1)

Nowhere near +2

What’s your body shape (honestly)?

Obese (дуже товстий) (+3)

Clearly overweight (+2)

Up to 10lb overweight (+1)

Perfect for my height (–1.5)

Underweight (–1)

6. How big is your tummy (розм. животик, черевце)?

It obscures (загороджує) everything below (+1)

Slightly rounded (+0.5)

Almost flat (+0)

Flat (–0.5)

How often do you get tired or get energy fluctuations?

Most days (+2)

Most days, only after lunch (+1.5)

Sometimes (+0.5)

Never (–1)

Are you a smoker?

No and never have been (–3)

I quit 5 or more years ago (–2)

I quit 3–5 years ago (–1)

I quit 1–3 years ago (+0)

I quit within the last year (+1)

I smoke (+3)

What’s the most you’ve drunk in one day in the last year?

3 drinks or less (+0)

4 drinks (+0.5)

5 drinks or less (+1.0)

More than 5 drinks (+1.5)

10.  Do you have lots of fillings/do your gums bleed (кровоточити) when you brush them?

Bleeding gums and/or 11 or more of my teeth are filled (+1.5)

4–10 teeth are filled (+1)

1–3 teeth are filled (+0.5)

No (+0)

 

Do you drink soft drinks/ready-made fruit juices?

Never (–1)

1–3 glasses a week (+0.5)

4–6 glasses a week (+1)

Over 7 (+2)

Do you rely on packets or tins for?

All meals (+3)

Most meals (+1)

Less than half of my meals (–1)

I never use processed food (–2)

How many times a week do you feel too full after eating?

Over 7 (+3)

3–6 (+2)

1–2 (+1)

Never (–1.5)

How many colds/flu have you had in the last year?

5 or more (+1.5)

3–4 (+1)

1–2 (–0.5)

None (–1)

15. Have you taken antibiotics in the past five years?

No (–2)

1–2 courses (+2)

3 or more courses (+5)

16. How many times a week do you walk briskly (жваво, прудко), or do other exercise, for 30+ minutes?

Never (+1)

1–2 (+0)

3–4 (–0.5)

5 or more (–1.5)

17. How many times do you ‘train’ a week?

Never (+1)

1–2 (+0.5)

3–5 (–1.5)

6 or more

(–0.5)

 

II. Check your score.

If YOU’RE OLDER THAN YOUR YEARS

    It’s not too late to do something about it – studies show taking up exercise or changing your diet even in your 40s and 50s can still make a difference to your longevity (довголіття). Any changes you can make will help lower your body age. ‘The biggest differences will come if you focus on your diet, stress levels and fitness,’ says David Niven Miller.

 

IF YOU’RE THE SAME AGE

    Then chances are you’re feeling a bit miffed now. ‘Oddly this is the result that upsets people the most as everyone wants to be younger and you’re so close that you feel you’ve missed out,’ says David. The good news is, you probably only need to change one habit to start the transition to a younger person. Have a look at which questions you scored worst on and focus your energies on it to start with.

 

IF YOU’RE YOUNGER THAN YOUR YEARS

    Well done. ‘Either you consciously take good care of your body or you’re just one among those lucky people who naturally enjoys living a healthy life,’ says David. Keep up what you’re doing, but still read our live-longer tips below – you might learn some new ways to boost your body’s longevity even further.

A.  Look at your partner’s answers. Ask for more information, for example: What is your worst diet habit? How much time do you have for yourself?

    III. Some ways to lower our body age are given below. Read it and give your partner some good advice starting with the following words: I think you should…

    1. Make friends: Simon Reynolds, the author of ‘Better Than Chocolate: 50 Proven Ways To Feel Happier (Penguin)’ suggests writing a list of 10 people whose company you enjoy and then actively trying to get them more involved in your life.

    2. Think positive: Focus on positive things (sides) you and people around you do (have). Find time for things you like doing.

    3. Think healthy: If you expect to live a long healthy life you will. This is down to a part of the brain called the reticulating activating system, which filters the thousands of things we see or hear. If you think health is important you’ll more likely notice cheap gym offers.

    4. Boost your flexibility: The more flexible your body the less likely you’ll suffer problems like back ache that age your body. It involves stretching the muscle and, while it’s stretched, tensing it for 10–20 seconds. Then relax and stretch again – you’ll always be able to go further on the next stretch.

    5. Watch your weight: If you’re overweight, every pound you lose adds 36 days to your life. Eat around 1,400 calories a day and a 20-minute walk will drop a pound each week.

    6. Cut down on booze: Binge drinking ages your body as alcohol damages healthy cells, so keeping to sensible levels of 2–3 units a day is important.

    7. Boost your energy: Low energy is a sign of blood sugar imbalances that can raise your risk of heart disease and diabetes. Cinnamon (кориця) helps balance things – add a pinch to your morning cereal.

    8. Look after your teeth: The bacteria that causes gum disease and tooth decay is also linked to some cancers, heart disease and stroke. Brushing and flossing (чистити шовковистою ниткою) are vital here. Drinking green tea helps fight plaque bacteria too.

    9. Learn to cook: Processed foods can age your body – salt alone has been said to cut your life by seven years.

    10. Quit smoking: Smoking ages your body inside and out.
Practice set 5

DONETSK NATIONAL UNIVERSITY

has a good library with thousands of volumes on a wide range of subjects including fiction and periodicals
has a Correspondence Department for those who want to combine work with studies  
Has eleven faculties and one Preparatory Department
is a modern institution founded in 1965
offers four- and five- year courses for students to get Bachelor’s Degree and then Master’s Degree
trains highly qualified specialists for different branches of our national economy as well as teachers for our system of public education
provides excellent facilities for a wide range of research; the University laboratories are equipped with up-to-date devices and apparatuses
has a wide variety of amateur groups; the students have every opportunity to develop their abilities, gifts and talents
has post-graduate courses in physics, mathematics, chemistry, biology, history, philosophy and philology 
has spacious gymnasiums; the University students can go in for any sport they like
is staffed by qualified teachers; among them there are doctors, candidates of sciences  
The University students have excellent conditions for their studies

   

I. Use the mind-map ‘Donetsk National University’ to tell your partner about its history, facilities for studies and for carrying out research, its staff.

A. Start speaking.


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