Find the words or phrases (1–5) in the text above which are explained / defined (a–e)? The first and the last letter are given to help you.



 

1 a----e a road with trees on each side
2 b-------d b wide city street with buildings on one or both sides
3 c------l c public merry making and feasting, usually with processions of people in fancy dress
4 a--------n(s) d sth which excites the admiration, interest or feelings
5 f----s e Known widely

Test yourself. Cover the dictionary meanings and look at the words. What are the meanings?

Match the questions A – E with the paragraphs 1 – 5.

A. What’s it famous for?

B. What’s its history?

C. Do you like living there? What’s the best thing about it?

D. What city do you study in? Where is it? How big is it?

E. Describe the city where you are studying

 

Say what the following numbers or dates from the text refer to?

1933 17 5 1961 200 140

HELP box


Grammar focus: Comparatives and Superlatives

COMPARATIVES and SUPERLATIVES

  Positive Comparative …than…

Superlative

the…

I One or two syllable-adjectives ending in   -y, -w: big small busy shallow   bigger smaller busier shallower

 

the biggest

the smallest

the busiest

the shallowest

II Two or more syllable-adjectives complex stupid interesting beautiful     more complex more stupid more interesting more beautiful

 

 

the most complex

the most stupid

the most interesting

the most beautiful

III

Irregular adjectives/adverbs

  good bad little many/much far better worse less more farther further

the best

the worst

the least

the most

the farther

the further

Comparative and superlative adverbs normally have more and most.

Could you drive more slowly?

French is the language Peter speaks the most easily.

But the following adverbs have -er, -est like adjectives: early, fast, hard, late, near, soon.

Better, best, worse and worst can be used as adverbs.

 
         

A Underline the correct sentence:

1. a. Donetsk is larger than Makeyevka.

b. Donetsk is larger that Makeyevka.

2. a. Kalmius is more small than Dnieper.

b. Kalmius is smaller than Dnieper.

3. a. I’m the most young in the group.

b. I’m the youngest in the group.

4. a. Miss Smith is the funny teacher in our team.

b. Miss Smith is the funniest teacher in our team.

5. a. Anna is intelligent than Nikita.

b. Anna is more intelligent than Nikita.

6. a. Life in the country is slower than city life.

b. Life in the country is slow than city life.

7. a. Today the weather is badder than yesterday.

b. Today the weather is worse than yesterday.

B Complete the letter below, using the correct form of the adjective or adverb in brackets.

Dear Oksana,

Here I am in Kiev. Its great! Its 1 (good) city I`ve ever visited. Kiev is 2 (big) than Donetsk, of course. The air is much 3 (clean). Kreschatic isnt very long. It`s 4 (short) but 5 (wide) and much 6 (crowded) than Artyom street.

Kiev residents are 7 (friendly) than those of Donetsk. This might be because there are 8 (many) unemployed in Donetsk and salaries and pensions are not paid 9 (regularly). Therefore people are 10 (nervous) than in Kiev.

I thought Kiev shops would be 11 (expensive) than those of Donetsk. But I was mistaken. Our Donetsk shops are 12 (expensive) in Ukraine!

yesterday last year (day, week…) in 1945 two days ago   He finished school last year. Did he finish school two years ago? No, he didn`t. at 4 o`clock from 7 till 9   He was writing a letter at 7 in the evening.  

 

Kiev parks are 13 (beautiful) I`ve ever seen. The 14 (much) I stay here, the 15 (happy) I am.

Best wishes,

Kate

Speaking

What would you like to know about your classmates’ likes and dislikes about Donetsk. Write down four questions and find out their answers to them.

Make a report about your findings.


Learn mathematics in English

Read the text and do the tasks below it.

Mixed numbers

    A mixed number is the sum of a whole number and a proper fraction. This sum is implied without the use of any visible operator such as "+"; for example, in referring to two entire cakes and three quarters of another cake, the whole and fractional parts of the number are written next to each other: .

    An improper fraction can be thought of as another way to write a mixed number; consider the  example below.

    We can imagine that the two entire cakes are each divided into quarters, so that the denominator for the whole cakes is the same as the denominator for the parts. Then each whole cake contributes  to the total, so   is another way of writing .

    A mixed number can be converted to an improper fraction in three steps:

1. Multiply the whole part by the denominator of the fractional part.

2. Add the numerator of the fractional part to that product.

3. The resulting sum is the numerator of the new (improper) fraction, with the ‘new’ denominator remaining precisely the same as for the original fractional part of the mixed number.

    Similarly, an improper fraction can be converted to a mixed number:

1. Divide the numerator by the denominator.

    2. The quotient (without remainder) becomes the whole part and the remainder becomes the numerator of the fractional part.

3. The new denominator is the same as that of the original improper fraction.

 

In pairs, look at the highlighted words and phrases. Try to guess what they mean from the context. Then check with your dictionary or teacher. Work out the list of terms involved, make a kind of glossary.

2. Convert these mixed numbers into improper fractions and comment on your steps of conversion.

 


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